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Ástralic

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Ástralic / Australian
Ástralic
Type
Synthetic
Alignment
Fluid
Head direction
Mixture
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
7
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



Ástralic is a futuristic and one of the official languages of Australia in the 23rd Century. Its name could transliterate as "Australian", from the "Ástralja" [Austraila] + "-ic" [language name suffix]. Other official languages include: Australiane, Astrális, isyAsidlaliya, Āztlālyatōhli, Australiká, Avstralskij, and Ulurrulirra.

OverviewEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Adverb Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


Orthography and PhonologyEdit

There are 34 letters in the Ástralic alphabet (accented vowels count as separate letters). The language's alphabet is notorious for bringing back the letters "Ð" and "Þ" into the English speaking language group. The language can be typed with a standard Icelandic keyboard.

The names of the letters are indeclinable.

Uppercase Lowercase Name Pronunciation IPA
A a a cat /æ/
Á á á father /ɑ/
B b bat /b/
C c ec shin /ʃ/
D d dot /d/
Ð ð this /ð/
E e e bet /ɛ/
É é é bait /eɪ/
F f ef foot /f/
G g give /g/
H h have or Scottish loch, whichever seems most convenient. /h/

/x/

I i i bit /ɪ/
Í í í beat /i/
J j ijé yes /j/
K k cake /k/
L l el lake /l/
M m em mend /m/
N n en nope /n/
O o o pot /ɒ/
Ó ó ó boat /oʊ/
P p pay /p/
Q q singing /ŋ/
R r er red /ɹ/
S s es sign /s/
T t tip /t/
Þ þ þorn thing /θ/
U u u look /ʊ/
Ú ú ú suit /u/
V v vote /v/
W w uwé wait /w/
X x ex pleasure /ʒ/
Y y y club /ə/
Ý ý ý fur /ɚ/
Z z zap /z/

All letters are pronounced accordingly with no exceptions. All letters apart from "ð" and "q" can be used as initial letters, so their capital forms are usually only seen in whole-word capitalisation.

Lexicon and EtymologyEdit

Being Australia's official Germanic language, all the words in the language originate from Proto-Germanic roots.

GrammarEdit

[still being made]

Unlike its well known ancestor (English), the grammar for Ástralic is very complex.

Pronouns, Nouns and Adjectives have seven genders:

  • Male
  • Female
  • Neuter
  • Masculine
  • Feminine
  • Object
  • Abstract

They also have six cases:

  • Nominative
  • Accusative
  • Dative
  • Genitive
  • Vocative
  • Instrumental

Verbs and Adverbs have three tenses:

  • Past
  • Present
  • Future

They also conjugate into:

  • First Person
  • Second Person
  • Third Person M (Male/Masculine)
  • Third Person F (Female/Feminine)
  • Third Person N (Neuter/Object/Abstract)

There are also:

  • Past, Present and Future Participles
  • Imperative Singular and Plural
  • Infinitive

but these only conjugate the verb and not the adverb.

Pronoun DeclensionEdit

Because pronouns are used all the time, they are irregular in comparison to nouns.

First and Second Person PronounsEdit

Person First Second Reflexive
Sing. Plur. Sing. Plur.
NOM éh veð þú þeð -
ACC mig os þig us sig
DAT osm þé usm
GEN mín órz þín úrz sín
VOC mejó osó þejó usó sejó
INS miné osn þiné usn siné

Third Person PronounsEdit

Declension Animate Inanimate Abstract
MLE FML NEU PLUR MAS FEM OBJ PLUR SING PLUR
NOM ét þér hi ci et þer yt þyr
ACC hím hár þém him har þem þym
DAT hám húr ham hur
GEN híz hárz étz þérz hiz harz etz þerz ytz þyrz
VOC þró þró þró
INS hní hná étn þnér hni hna etn þner ytn þnyr

Noun and Adjective DeclensionEdit

To make up for having so many cases and genders, both the noun and adjective declensions are the same. This means that it is up to context to decide which word is the noun and which is the adjective, but the adjectives usually precede the nouns unless for poetic purposes.

The comparative and superlative forms of adjectives and adverbs are formed by adding "-or" and "-ost" before declining the word.

The regular declensions are in the table below (plurals are in brackets).

Declension MLE FML NEU MAS FEM OBJ ABS
NOM -í(r) -á(r) -é(r) -i(r) -a(r) -e(r) -(yr)
ACC -á(r) -ú(r) -é(r) -a(r) -u(r) -e(r) -y(r)
DAT -á(r)m -ú(r)m -é(r)m -a(r)m -u(r)m -e(r)m -y(r)m
GEN -í(r)z -á(r)z -é(r)z -i(r)z -a(r)z -e(r)z -y(r)z
VOC -(r)ó
INS -ná(r) -nú(r) -né(r) -na(r) -nu(r) -ne(r) -ny(r)

To help remember them:

  • Male and Masculine use the same letter, Male uses the accent. Same for Female/Feminine and Neuter/Object. In other words, animate nouns (people and animals) use the accent, inanimate nouns (plants and objects) do not.
  • Dative always ends with "m", Genitive with "z", and Vocative with "ó".
  • Dative is Accusative with "m" after it, Genitive is Nominative with "z" after it, and Instrumental is Accusative with an "n" before it.
  • Plural "r" comes before Dative "m", Genitive "z" and Instrumental "ó".

The definite and indefinite articles both decline as above, except in the Nominative Abstract which ends with "y".

Conjugation of "béjy"Edit

The word "béjy", or "to be", is an auxiliary verb used all the time in Ástralic as it is in English. Be cause of this, the conjugation of the verb is irregular.

Conjugation Past Present Future
First wa waram em erim lu ulum
Second war warað er erið lur uluð
Masculine wac wara ec eri luc ulu
Feminine wax ex lux
Neuter was es lus
Partictiple bén béjiq béjul
Imperative sg: béjú / bérú

pl: béjeð / béðeð

Infinitive béjy

Verb and Adverb ConjugationEdit

As the noun and adjective declensions are the same, the verb and adverb conjugations are similar.

The regular conjugations are in the table below (adverbs are in square brackets).

Conjugation Past Present Future
First -da [-ýd] -dam [-ýmd] - [-ý] -im [-ým] -lu [-ýl] -lum [-ýml]
Second -dar [-ýrd] -dað [-ýðd] -ir [-ýr] -ið [-ýð] -lur [-ýrl] -luð [-ýðl]
Masculine -dac [-ýcd] -da [-ýd] -ic [-ýc] -i [-ý] -luc [-ýcl] -lu [-ýl]
Feminine -dax [-ýxd] -ix [-ýx] -lux [-ýxl]
Neuter -das [-ýsd] -is [-ýs] -lus [-ýsl]
Partictiple -að [-ý] -iq [-ý] -ul [-ý]
Imperative sg: -(r)ú [-ý], pl: -(ð)eð [-ý]
Infinitive -y [-ý]

Adverbs also decline to agree with their adjective's case. Adverbs decline like Abstract Nouns with a "ý" instead of "y", including the Nominative.

Word List English-AustralianEdit

[Still being created]

AEdit

[Still being created]

  1. after - conj, prep: aftýr [+nom]; adv. [ind], pref: aftry-
  2. and - ad

BEdit

[Still being created]

  1. be - aux. v: béjy
  2. because - conj: ás, þwí; - "because of" prep: þwí of [+gen]
  3. but - conj: but
  4. by - conj: bíj

IEdit

[Still being created]

  1. impossible - adj: unmóguleh

LEdit

[Still being created]

  1. let - v: laty; when used as an imperative, the order of words is changed slightly: the second verb is placed at the start in the Future Participle, and the pronoun is place after in the Vocative Case. To say "let's go!" for example is "gówul osó!", or "let me have it!" is "havul mejó yt!".
  2. l -

Word List Australian-EnglishEdit

[Still being created]

Nouns are written in the Nominative form.

Adjectives are written in the Nominative Abstract form, as the declension has no ending.

Verbs and Adverbs are written in the Infinitive form.

Nouns which have multiple genders depending on context are marked with an asterisk (*).

AEdit

[Still being created]

  1. ad - and
  2. a -

ÁEdit

[Still being created]

  1. ál* - adj: all; - n. UNI: all of it, all, everyone (MLE/FML), everything (NEU)
  2. ás - conj: as, since, because
  3. á -

BEdit

[Still being created]

  1. -bárr - pref. [makes adj.]: -able, -ible; the second "r" is usually omitted when declining (i.e. gen. sg. NEU = -báréz)
  2. béjy - aux. v: to be
  3. bi- - pref: [makes causative of v.]
  4. but - conj: but
  5. b -

CEdit

[Still being created]

  1. c -

DEdit

[Still being created]

  1. dah - n. ABS: day
  2. déjy - v: to die
  3. dówy - aux. v: to do
  4. drém - n. ABS: dream
  5. d -

EEdit

[Still being created]

  1. e -

ÉEdit

[Still being created]

  1. éty - v: to eat
  2. é -

FEdit

[Still being created]

  1. findy - v: to find
  2. f -

GEdit

[Still being created]

  1. gahny - v: to gain
  2. game - n. OBJ: game
  3. grén - n. ABS: green
  4. grýn - adj: green
  5. g -

HEdit

[Still being created]

  1. hýry - v: to hear
  2. h -

IEdit

[Still being created]

  1. -ifjy - pref. [makes causative of v.]: -ify; the "jy" changes to "í" in conjugated forms. (hí -ifídac, -ifíc, -ifíluc = he -ified, -ifies, will -ify) See also: bi-
  1. i -

KEdit

[Still being created]

  1. képy - v: to keep; - "onképy ...iq" phrase: to keep on ...ing
  2. k -

MEdit

[Still being created]

  1. m -

OEdit

[Still being created]

  1. o -

SEdit

[Still being created]

  1. scadów - n. ABS. [irr]: shadow
  2. scam - n. ABS: shame
  3. scamy - v. to shame
  4. scád - n. ABS: shade
  5. scády - v. to shade
  6. - conj: so
  7. s -

TEdit

[Still being created]

  1. talky - v: to talk
  2. t -

ÞEdit

[Still being created]

  1. þiq - n. ABS: thing
  2. þrúw - adv, adj. [ind], prep. [+dat]: through, [+ins] through(out), within
  3. þy* - art. UNI: the
  4. þ -

VEdit

[Still being created]

  1. v -

WEdit

[Still being created]

  1. walky - v: to walk
  2. w -

YEdit

[Still being created]

  1. y* - art. UNI: a, some
  2. ygehn - adv. [ind]: again
  3. y -

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