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Éket

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Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
1
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Eket is the sister language of Fèngë. It was extinct in Eketöd since the 1598 Aban siege of Bratafer, but is still spoken (albeit with a lot of Fenge influence) in the eastern part of Fèngëden.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m (m) n (n) ŋ (ŋ)
Plosive p (p)
b (b)
t (t)
d (d)
ɟ (đ)
c (ŧ)
k (k)
g (g)
Fricative f (f) s (s)
z (z)
ʃ (š)
ʒ (ž)
x (x) h (h)
Affricate ts (c) tʃ (č)
Approximant j (y)
Trill r (r) ʀ (r)*
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.

/ʀ/ is allophone of /r/.

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i (i)
y (ü)
u (u)
Close-mid ɘ (ë)
Mid e (e)*
ø (ö)
o (o)
Open a (a)

/e/ is allophonically pronounced like /ɛ/.

AlphabetEdit

PhonotacticsEdit

Consonant clusters of 2 consonants are allowed in beginning of the word.

GrammarEdit

PronounsEdit

Sing. Pl.
1st p.
2nd p.
3rd p. dë/lë/ë (masc/neu/fem)

The declension is same as for nouns ending in vowel. All languages of the family share this trait.

NounsEdit

Nouns have 6 cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and postpositional. Fusion of many nouns is also included.

Here's the example declension of some nouns of different declensions, normal, ë last vowel, vowel ending, and a ending.

abár gábër étë xöpa
Sing. Pl. Sing. Pl. Sing. Pl. Sing. Pl.
Nom. abár abárš gábër gábret étë étët xöpa xöpi
Gen. abárs abáro gábra gábro étës étëš xöpë xöpës
Dat. abáru abára gábre gabár étëm étën xöpe xöpam
Acc. abáren abáre gáber gábrë étëk étër xöpan xöpas
Ins. abárom abáram gábur gabrám étël étëp xöpo xöpet
Pp. abará abarán gábru gabrát étë étët xöpel xöpax
Fus. ábar gábër étër xöper

VerbsEdit

Verbs have 2 different conjugations, -ek and -ok for imperfect and perfect. Perfect The moods and other features are indicated with prefixes. Example verb: kár- (to do)

kárek károk
Past Present Future Past Present/Future
1sg akárti akárum akáris dakárti dakárum
2sg akárta akáres yakáres dakárta dakáres
3sg takár akár yakár atakár dakár
1pl akárná akárim yakárim dakárna dakárim
2pl takartém akartém yakartém datakár dakartém
3pl takáret akáret yakáret otakár dakáret

Moods (explained with 3sg form):

Indicative Potential Imperative Subjunctive Conditional
Past takár tukár takará tokár tekár
Present akár ukár akará okár mekár
Future yakár xukár yakará yokár yekár

Derived verbsEdit

š(C)(V)(C)Vkar- (to cause), s(C)(V)(C)Vkar- (to be done), as(C)(V)(C)Vkar- (not to do)

The prefixes above can be replaced with eš- and other prefixes.

Derived nounsEdit

káröm (thing that does;nonhuman), kárös (doer;human), aškár- (... that causes), ankár- (... that is done), askár- (... that doesn't do), takáröm (thing that did), yakaröm (thing that will do), dakaröm (thing that will do;perfect)...

Derived adjectivesEdit

kárep (that does)...

Derived adverbsEdit

karáx (while doing)...

Note: all is also inflected by consonant harmony, e.g. *šdatakár becomes ždatakár and so on.

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives are formed in many different ways and don't decline as nouns.

Alternative verb mood conjugationEdit

The prefixes in the more analytic Fengeden dialect variety are turned into separate words, which can be attached to the verb either with a maqqef thing (in this case it's romanized - and the particle is before the verb) or be separate.

Indicative Potential Imperative Subjunctive Conditional
Perfect ze me ha ke ni
Imperfect -- mi -- e hi

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this-te
8that-ge
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notContionary_Wiki
17allContionary_Wiki
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


Example textEdit

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Še komš estákörömet gab ne dögorne e kágöt ne téxetöt. Nem stágaset ob ne dáxakas da në adatá tétam de táxar šöšörötes.

Literal: All men are born free and equal in dignity and rights. To them are given mind and conscience and they must act one another (dat) with spirit of brotherhood.

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