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'
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
1
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Eket is the sister language of Fèngë. It was extinct in Eketöd since the 1598 Aban siege of Bratafer, but is still spoken (albeit with a lot of Fenge influence) in the eastern part of Fèngëden.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m (m) n (n) ŋ (ŋ)
Plosive p (p)
b (b)
t (t)
d (d)
ɟ (đ)
c (ŧ)
k (k)
g (g)
Fricative f (f) s (s)
z (z)
ʃ (š)
ʒ (ž)
x (x) h (h)
Affricate ts (c) tʃ (č)
Approximant j (y)
Trill r (r) ʀ (r)*
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.

/ʀ/ is allophone of /r/.

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i (i)
y (ü)
u (u)
Close-mid ɘ (ë)
Mid e (e)*
ø (ö)
o (o)
Open a (a)

/e/ is allophonically pronounced like /ɛ/.

AlphabetEdit

PhonotacticsEdit

Consonant clusters of 2 consonants are allowed in beginning of the word.

GrammarEdit

PronounsEdit

Sing. Pl.
1st p.
2nd p.
3rd p. dë/lë/ë (masc/neu/fem)

The declension is same as for nouns ending in vowel. All languages of the family share this trait.

NounsEdit

Nouns have 6 cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and postpositional. Fusion of many nouns is also included.

Here's the example declension of some nouns of different declensions, normal, ë last vowel, vowel ending, and a ending.

abár gábër étë xöpa
Sing. Pl. Sing. Pl. Sing. Pl. Sing. Pl.
Nom. abár abárš gábër gábret étë étët xöpa xöpi
Gen. abárs abáro gábra gábro étës étëš xöpë xöpës
Dat. abáru abára gábre gabár étëm étën xöpe xöpam
Acc. abáren abáre gáber gábrë étëk étër xöpan xöpas
Ins. abárom abáram gábur gabrám étël étëp xöpo xöpet
Pp. abará abarán gábru gabrát étë étët xöpel xöpax
Fus. ábar gábër étër xöper

VerbsEdit

Verbs have 2 different conjugations, -ek and -ok for imperfect and perfect. Perfect The moods and other features are indicated with prefixes. Example verb: kár- (to do)

kárek károk
Past Present Future Past Present/Future
1sg akárti akárum akáris dakárti dakárum
2sg akárta akáres yakáres dakárta dakáres
3sg takár akár yakár atakár dakár
1pl akárná akárim yakárim dakárna dakárim
2pl takartém akartém yakartém datakár dakartém
3pl takáret akáret yakáret otakár dakáret

Moods (explained with 3sg form):

Indicative Potential Imperative Subjunctive Conditional
Past takár tukár takará tokár tekár
Present akár ukár akará okár mekár
Future yakár xukár yakará yokár yekár

Derived verbsEdit

š(C)(V)(C)Vkar- (to cause), s(C)(V)(C)Vkar- (to be done), as(C)(V)(C)Vkar- (not to do)

The prefixes above can be replaced with eš- and other prefixes.

Derived nounsEdit

káröm (thing that does;nonhuman), kárös (doer;human), aškár- (... that causes), ankár- (... that is done), askár- (... that doesn't do), takáröm (thing that did), yakaröm (thing that will do), dakaröm (thing that will do;perfect)...

Derived adjectivesEdit

kárep (that does)...

Derived adverbsEdit

karáx (while doing)...

Note: all is also inflected by consonant harmony, e.g. *šdatakár becomes ždatakár and so on.

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives are formed in many different ways and don't decline as nouns.

Alternative verb mood conjugationEdit

The prefixes in the more analytic Fengeden dialect variety are turned into separate words, which can be attached to the verb either with a maqqef thing (in this case it's romanized - and the particle is before the verb) or be separate.

Indicative Potential Imperative Subjunctive Conditional
Perfect ze me ha ke ni
Imperfect -- mi -- e hi

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this-te
8that-ge
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Še komš estákörömet gab ne dögorne e kágöt ne téxetöt. Nem stágaset ob ne dáxakas da në adatá tétam de táxar šöšörötes.

Literal: All men are born free and equal in dignity and rights. To them are given mind and conscience and they must act one another (dat) with spirit of brotherhood.

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