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Yolüs / Ëlüs
Йолўс / Ëлўс
Type Fusional - Aglutinative
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Mixed
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 1 (3)
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator Alexrealinho


Classification and DialectsEdit

Mwádrós

Ëlüs is a Middle Eastern Language with Russian Influences in the areas of Uzbekistan and Tajikistan and pockets in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan.

It has a long history with Ïl'áça (اِیلعاَشا / اِیلعَشا / Ӥлӏа́ша) being united under the same flag for millenia but seperated 300 years ago.



It can be learnt here.

PhonologyEdit

Special Status (Doy'adva - Дойӏадва) Edit

Some Special consonants or vowels that are special status, Doy'adva (Дойӏадва) or Symbolic Loans.

Special

Rom

Rom

Name

Sound

Ь ь

Ý

Fal Er

Фал Ер

/ʲ/

Ъ ъ

Ì

Do Er

До Ер

Eliminates the /ʲ/

in E, Ë, I, Ú, Á

Ӏ ӏ

Va'aál

Ваӏаял

/ʔ/

Рь рь

Erý

Ерь

/ɾ/

Ръ ръ

Erì

Еръ

/ʀ/

Ъе ъе (ѐ)

Ìe/È

È/Ìe

Ъе

/e/, /ɛ/

Щь щь

Çtçý / Çt

Açtçýa/ Açta

Ащьа

/ʃt/

Ҥн / ҥгн

ngn

Angna

Аҥна

/ŋgn/

Consonants (Advusna - Адвусна)Edit

There are 18 main consonants (not counting Doy'adva) and there are 7 special ligatures that optional to do and can be substituted by the individual phonetic letters.

Consonants

Rom

Rom

Name

Sound

Б б

B

Balìel

Балъел

/b/

В в

V

Vav

Вав

/v/

Г г

G

Gag

Гаг

/ɡ/

Ґ ґ

H

Hatç

Ґач

/h/

Д д

D

Dalas / Dalac

Далас

/d/

Ж ж

J

Jadja

Жаџа

/ʒ/

З з

Z

Zalu

Залу

/z/

К к

K

Kalìem

Калъем

/k/

Л л

L

El

Ел

/l/

М м

M

Em

Ем

/m/

Н н

N

En

Ен

/n/

П п

P

Pa

Па

/p/

Р р

R

Er

Ер

/r/

С с

S / C

Ec / Es

Ес

/s/

Т т

T

Taú

Таю

/t/

Ф ф

F

Ef

Еф

/f/

Х х

X

Xal

Хал

/x/

Ш ш

Ç

Ça

Ша

/ʃ/

Ligatures

Rom

Rom

Name

Sound

Љ љ

Alýa

Аља

/lʲ/ or/ʎ/

Њ њ

Ný / Ñ

Aña

Ања

/nʲ/ or /ɲ/

Ц ц

Ts / Tc

Tsa

Ца

/ts/ (t͡s)

Џ џ

Dj

Djaja

Џажа

/dʒ/

Ч ч

Tça

Ча

/tʃ/ (t͡ʃ)

Щ щ

çtç

Eçtça

Еща

/ʃtʃ/

Ҥ ҥ

Ng

Ang

Аҥ

/ŋ(ğ)/

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g ʔ
Fricative f v s z ts ʃ ʒ tʃ dʒ x~χ h
Affricate
Approximant w
Trill r ʀ
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l

Vowels (Ionazalem - Ионазалем)Edit

There are two types of vowels, Ionized and Not-Ionized, meaning that they have (Ionized) a /j/ sound preceding them. Some vowel sounds only appear ionized. Doy'adva do not count as main vowels.

The i vowel is special, it is not considered Ionized but it can have a /j/ preceding it.

Vowels

Rom

Name

Sound

А а

A

Alfu алфу

/a/,/ɐ/

Ў ў

Ü

Ülem ўлем

/y/

И и

I

Il ил

/i/, /ʲi/

Й й

Y

Ál ял / йал

/j/

О о

O

Olef олеф /ољъеф

/o/ , /ɔ/

У у

U

Unar унар

/u/

Ionaized Vowels Rom Name Sound

Ю ю

Ú / Yu

Ún юн / йун

/ju/, /ʲu/

Я я

Á / Ya

Ágna ягна

/ja/, /ʲa/

Ë ë

Ë / Yo

Ëlm ëлм

/jo/ , /ʲo/

Е е

E

Emna емна

/je/, /ʲe/, /ʲɛ/,/jɛ/

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i y u
Near-high
High-mid e~ɛ o~ɔ
Mid
Low-mid
Near-low a~ɐ
Low

PhonotacticsEdit

Phonetic sounds are used instead of the Letters themselves, therefore you can have at maximum (C)(C)(C)(/j/)(V)(V)(C)(C)(C) so çtçeçtç (щещ) would be a valid single syllable in terms of phonetic /ʃtʃjeʃtʃ/.(Though it would be hard to say it alone)


Writing System (Alfuvav - Алфував)Edit

Consonants

Rom

Name

Sound

Б б

B

Balìel

Балъел

/b/

В в

V

Vav

Вав

/v/

Г г

G

Gag

Гаг

/ɡ/

Ґ ґ

H

Hatç

Ґач

/h/

Д д

D

Dalas / Dalac

Далас

/d/

Ж ж

J

Jadja

Жаџа

/ʒ/

З з

Z

Zalu

Залу

/z/

К к

K

Kalìem

Калъем

/k/

Л л

L

El

Ел

/l/

М м

M

Em

Ем

/m/

Н н

N

En

Ен

/n/

П п

P

Pa

Па

/p/

Р р

R

Er

Ер

/r/

С с

S / C

Ec / Es

Ес

/s/

Т т

T

Taú

Таю

/t/

Ф ф

F

Ef

Еф

/f/

Х х

X

Xal

Хал

/x/

Ш ш

Ç

Ça

Ша

/ʃ/

Ligatures

Rom

Name

Sound

Љ љ

Alýa

Аља

/lʲ/ or/ʎ/

Њ њ

Ný / Ñ

Aña

Ања

/nʲ/ or /ɲ/

Ц ц

Ts / Tc

Tsa

Ца

/ts/ (t͡s)

Џ џ

Dj

Djaja

Џажа

/dʒ/

Ч ч

Tça

Ча

/tʃ/ (t͡ʃ)

Щ щ

çtç

Eçtça

Еща

/ʃtʃ/

Ҥ ҥ

Ng

Ang

Аҥ

/ŋ(ğ)/

Vowels

Rom

Sound

А а

A

/a/,/ɐ/

Ў ў

Ü

/y/

И и

I

/i/, /ʲi/

Й й

Y

/j/

О о

O

/o/

У у

U

/u/

Ю ю

Ú / Yu

/ju/, /ʲu/

Я я

Á / Ya

/ja/, /ʲa/

Ë ë

Ë / Yo

/jo/ , /ʲo/

Е е

E

/je/, /ʲe/, /ʲɛ/,/jɛ/

̈

Used in Transliteration Ïl'áça

/ː/ ӥ/iː/ ӧ/oː/ ӱ/uː/ ӓ/aː/

́     ̀

Used in Transliteration of Ïl'áça

н́/~/ ф́/q/ а́/a/ ѐ/ɛ/ е́/ɛː/

Special

Rom

Name

Sound

Ь ь

Ý

Fal Er

Фал Ер

/ʲ/

Ъ ъ

Ì

Do Er

До Ер

Eliminates the /ʲ/

in E, Ë, I, Ú, Á

Ӏ ӏ

Va'aál

Ваӏаял

/ʔ/

Рь рь

Erý

Ерь

/ɾ/

Ръ ръ

Erì

Еръ

/ʀ/

Ъе ъе (ѐ)

Ìe/È

È/Ìe

Ъе

/e/, /ɛ/

Щь щь

Çtçý / Çt

Açtçýa/ Açta

Ащьа

/ʃt/

Ҥн ҥгн

ngn

Angna

Аҥна

/ŋgn/

GrammarEdit

Number (Tçiço - Чишо)Edit

English Number

Number (HEX)

Name

Real Name

 

0

0

Nil

Нил

nil

1

1

Din

Дин

din

2

2

Dva

Два

dva

3

3

Tri

Три

tri

4

4

Tçìetirýe / Tçìet

Чъетирье / чъет

tʃetiɾje / tʃet

5

5

Pat

Пат

pat

6

6

Çìeçt

Шъещь

ʃeʃt

7

7

Sem

Сем

sjem

8

8

Ëkt

Ëкт

jokt

9

9

Nobt

Нобт

nobt

10

А

Dev

Дев

djev

11

Б

Dinev

Динев

dinjev

12

С

Dvanev

Дванев

dvanjev

13

Д

Triev

Триев

trijev

14

Е

Tçìeev

Чъеев

tʃejev

15

Ф

Patev

Патев

patjev

16

10

Çìev

Шъев

ʃev

17

11

Çìev din

Шъев дин

ʃev din

18

12

Çìev dva

Шъев два

ʃev dva

19

13

Çìev tri

Шъев три

ʃev tri

20

14

Çìev Tçìetirýe

Шъев Чъетирье

ʃev tʃetiɾje

256

100

Fálìem

Фялъем

fjalem

4096

1000

Xìel

Хъел

xel

65536

10000

Mudvi

Мудви

mudvi

5538

15А2

Xìel pat-fálìem dev-çìev dva

Хъел пат-фялъем дев-шъев два

xel pat.fjalem djev.ʃev dva

Nouns (Imus - Имус)Edit

Nouns only decline in case and number, definitiveness is drawn from context and gender too. (... represent the word with no suffix)

Case Singular (Particle) Plural
Ionized Consonantic Not-Ionized Consonantic Ionized & Non-Ionized
Nominative - - - -ec (la) -c (la)
Accusative ... na -ena -na -ec na -c na
Possessive( 's ) ... ìe -'du -du -ec nìe -cìe
Behind za-
In Front xu- / zu-

Other cases are expressed with an article for conjunction of articles.

From

Pá ...

Пя ...

To

Tú ...

Тю ...

Between

Rál … e Rál …

Рял ... е Рял ...

Essive case Ve ...

ве ...

Passing through Ádús …

Ядюс …

Until Limitive

Madìe

Мадъе

Yes

Da

Да

Not

Net

Нет

Via …

Pale …

Пале …

With …

Mote …

Моте …

And

E

Е

Or

Ërý

Ëрь

Clausal AND

Hìe

Ґъе

Causal And and Normal And Edit

There are diferences with "e" and "hìe". "e" is only used with connecting nouns, "hìe" is only for connecting sentences.

Example:

  • Europa is between the Atlantic and the Urals.
  • Еуропа севя рял Атлантик е рял Урьал.
  • She/He is from Europe and I wanted to go there.
  • Даръӏла севя пя Еуропа ґъе Яшӏла ґямяшдярь серьа.

Spacial Referents Edit

There

Serýa

Серьа

Here

Erýa

Ерьа

Yonder

Serýarý

Серьарь

Pronouns(Zaimus - заимус)Edit

Pronoun

Pronoun Stem

Nominative

Accusative

Possessive

I

Иш (Iç)

ӏла ('la) / ла (la) 

ӏна ('na) / на (na)

ӏнъе ('nìe)

I formal

Яш (Áç)

You

Ба (Ba)

нъе (nìe)

You formal

Нъеил (Nìeil)

ӏду ('du) / ду (du)

He she it

Даръ (Darì)

We

Ишал (Içal)

Нъе (nìe)

We exclusive

Ишалўм (Içalüm)

Ъе (ìe)

We formal

Яшалих (Áçalix)

You plural

Нъеилал (Nìeilal)

They

Даръял (Darìál)

VerbsEdit

Verbs always end in "rý" or "l", you take off these to conjugate.

Tenses+Aspect+Mood

"Ionaized" Vowel(ú,á,ë,e) + рь (rý)

Vowel(a,ü,i) + л (l)

Юрь (Úrý)

Ярь (Árý)

Ëрь (Ërý)

Ерь (Erý)

Ал (Al)

Ўл (Ül)

Ил (Il)

Realis

Present Simple

Вя  (Vá)

Ва (Va)

Future Simple

Гë  (Gë)

Гя  (Gá)

Га  (Ga)

Гў  (Gü)

Past Simple

Мяш  (Máç)

Меш  (Meç)

Нў (Nü)

Ни  (Ni)

Present Habitual

Вю  (Vú)

(Ve)

Вў  (Vü)

Present Progressive

Вë  (Vë)

Ви  (Vi)

Subjunctive

Suffix to Realis

Рья  (Rýá)

Рье   (Rýe)

Рьа  (Rýa)

Рьи  (Rýi)

Hypotetical

Suffix to Realis

Шия  (Çiá)

Шие  (Çie)

Ша  (Ça)

Ши  (Çi)

Imperative

Suffix to Realis

Дю  (Dú)

Дя  (Dá)

Да  (Da)

Дў  (Dü)

Да (Da)

Volitive

Suffix to Imperative

Л (L)

Рь (Rý)

Мна (Mna)

Мни (Mni)

Мна (Mna)

Passive

Suffix to any

ӏя ('á)[Volitive Úrý only] / я (á)

Ся (Sá)

Interrogative Suffix to any Consonant End упа(upa), Vowel End па(pa)

SyntaxEdit

Sentences are normally SVO but can take any form if marked.

Example:



  • Europa sevá(to be present) rál(between start) atlantik e rál(between end) urìal.
  • Europa is between the Atlantic and the Urals.
  • Еуропа севя рял Атлантик e рял Урьал.
  • Darì'la sevá(to be present) pá(from) europa and áç'la hámáçdárý(to go volitive past simple) serýa(there).
  • She/He is from Europe and  I wanted to go there.
  • Даръӏла севя пя Еуропа ґъе Яшӏла ґямяшдярь серьа.


LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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