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Ćín

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Ćín
Ćín
Type Synthetic
Alignment Nominative Accusative
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 5
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 22%
Statistics
Nouns 100%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 17%
Words of 1500
Creator aschiffer186


General InformationEdit

Ćín is a member of the Cit [kit] language family.

TBD

Currently, this language is being redesigned

Hopefully, this is a thorough overview of the language (there's more in the phonology section than ever before :).

  • While I don't have examples up yet, I will put them up when the language is developed enough.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Ćín's 42 consonants are listed below. 

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Labial-Velar
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive Normal p b t̪ d̪ t d k g
Palatalized pʲ bʲ tʲ dʲ kʲ gʲ
Labialized pʷ bʷ tʷ dʷ kʷ gʷ
Fricative Normal ɸ β θ s z ʃ ʒ ç
Palatalized ɸʲ βʲ sʲ zʲ
Affricate t͡ʃ  d͡ʒ
Approximant l j w

Consonant StrengthEdit

An important part of Ćín is consonant strength. Consonant strength determines what consonant clusters are permitted. There are three strengths of consonants: strong, weak, and soft. They are listed in the table below

Sound Strength
/m/, /n̪ n/ strong
/ɲ/ soft
/ŋ/ strong
/p/, /b/, /t̪, t/, /d̪, d/, /k/, /g/ strong
/pʲ bʲ tʲ dʲ kʲ g/ soft
/pʷ bʷ tʷ dʷ kʷ gʷ/ weak
/ɸ β θ ʃ/ weak
/z ʒ/ strong
/ɸʲ βʲ sʲ zʲ ç/ soft
/t͡ʃ  d͡ʒ l/ weak
/j w/ soft

In general, two (or more) strong consonants may not form a consonant cluster, two (or more) soft consonants may not form a consonant cluster, and a weak consonant may not form a consonant cluster with a soft consonant. Other than that, most consonant clusters were permitted. 

Consonant MutationEdit

Consonants could also be "weakened" or "hardened." A strong consonant could be weakened into a weak consonant, which could be further weakened into a soft consonant. The process could be reversed as well. 

Strong Form Weak Form Soft Form
/m, n/ pʷ bʷ /ɲ/
Normal Plosive Labialized Plosive Palatalized Plosive
/z, ʒ/ /ɸ β θ ʃ/ /ɸʲ βʲ sʲ zʲ ç/
/z, ʒ/ /t͡ʃ  d͡ʒ l/ /j w/

VowelsEdit

Ćín's 18 vowels are listed below along with the accepted diphthongs (V is a vowel). 

Long Short
Front Back Front Central Back
Close iː, yː uː  i, y 
Near Close ɪː ɪ 
Mid Close
Mid Open ɛː  ɔː  ɛ  ɔ 
Open aː  ɑː  a  ɑ 
Diphthongs

aɪ, ɔɪ, eʊ, aʊ, jV, wV, jVː, wVː

  • [e, ɛ, and a] become [ẽ, ɛ̃, and ã] before /m and n/.

TriphthongsEdit

Ćín has eight tripthongs: /jaɪ, jɔɪ, jeʊ, jaʊ, waɪ, wɔɪ, weʊ, waʊ/, represented by <iai, ioi, ieu, iau, uai, uoi, ueu, uau>Edit

OrthographyEdit

While Ćín uses its own script, a transliteration can be used. It is listed in the table below 

Sound a aː  ɑ  ɑː  b
Letter a ā α b β
Sound k d
Letter κ c d
Sound e ɸ ɸʲ
Letter δ e ē f
Sound g ɛ  ɛː  i
Letter g γ ε ε̄ i
Sound l m n ɔ  ɔː
Letter l m n ņ o ō
Sound p
Letter
Sound
Letter

Vowel StrengthEdit

Like consonants, vowels have strengths.

Strong vowels: <tripthongs, diphthongs, i, y, u, í>

Weak vowels: <a, á, é, e, o>

Syllables and StressEdit

Syllables in Ćín are (C)(C)V(C)(C) where C is a consonant and V is a vowel, diphthong, or triphthong.

StressEdit

Stress is determined by morae in PC. The number of mora a syllable contains is determined by the vowel in that syllable.

Monomoraic: a short weak vowel

Bimoraic: a short strong vowel or a long vowel

Trimoraic: a diphthong

Quadmoraic: a triphthong

Stress in Ćín always falls on the antepenultimate mora of a word and functions as a pitch accent. If the antepenultimate mora falls in a monomoraic or bimoraic syllable, the pitch is rising, if it is in a trimoraic or quadmoraic syllable, the pitch is falling.

SandhiEdit

While not extremely prevalent or complicated, sandhi did occur at word boundaries between a final vowel and a, áor i. This resulting in a liquid being placed between the two words, j for between a final vowel and a, w between a final vowel and á, and l between a final vowel and i. Despite the fact it is written on the first word, it is pronounced with the second world.  While it did not serve a grammatical function, it did generate irregularities in daughter languages.  

GrammarEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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