|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Ćín is a member of the Cit [kit] language family.
Currently, this language is being redesigned
Hopefully, this is a thorough overview of the language (there's more in the phonology section than ever before :).
- While I don't have examples up yet, I will put them up when the language is developed enough.
Ćín's 42 consonants are listed below.
|Plosive||Normal||p b||t̪ d̪||t d||k g|
|Palatalized||pʲ bʲ||tʲ dʲ||kʲ gʲ|
|Labialized||pʷ bʷ||tʷ dʷ||kʷ gʷ|
|Fricative||Normal||ɸ β||θ||s z||ʃ ʒ||ç|
|Palatalized||ɸʲ βʲ||sʲ zʲ|
An important part of Ćín is consonant strength. Consonant strength determines what consonant clusters are permitted. There are three strengths of consonants: strong, weak, and soft. They are listed in the table below
|/m/, /n̪ n/||strong|
|/p/, /b/, /t̪, t/, /d̪, d/, /k/, /g/||strong|
|/pʲ bʲ tʲ dʲ kʲ g/||soft|
|/pʷ bʷ tʷ dʷ kʷ gʷ/||weak|
|/ɸ β θ s ʃ/||weak|
|/ɸʲ βʲ sʲ zʲ ç/||soft|
|/t͡ʃ d͡ʒ l/||weak|
In general, two (or more) strong consonants may not form a consonant cluster, two (or more) soft consonants may not form a consonant cluster, and a weak consonant may not form a consonant cluster with a soft consonant. Other than that, most consonant clusters were permitted.
Consonants could also be "weakened" or "hardened." A strong consonant could be weakened into a weak consonant, which could be further weakened into a soft consonant. The process could be reversed as well.
|Strong Form||Weak Form||Soft Form|
|/m, n/||pʷ bʷ||/ɲ/|
|Normal Plosive||Labialized Plosive||Palatalized Plosive|
|/z, ʒ/||/ɸ β θ s ʃ/||/ɸʲ βʲ sʲ zʲ ç/|
|/z, ʒ/||/t͡ʃ d͡ʒ l/||/j w/|
Ćín's 18 vowels are listed below along with the accepted diphthongs (V is a vowel).
|Close||iː, yː||uː||i, y||u|
aɪ, ɔɪ, eʊ, aʊ, jV, wV, jVː, wVː
- [e, ɛ, and a] become [ẽ, ɛ̃, and ã] before /m and n/.
Ćín has eight tripthongs: /jaɪ, jɔɪ, jeʊ, jaʊ, waɪ, wɔɪ, weʊ, waʊ/, represented by <iai, ioi, ieu, iau, uai, uoi, ueu, uau>Edit
While Ćín uses its own script, a transliteration can be used. It is listed in the table below
Like consonants, vowels have strengths.
Strong vowels: <tripthongs, diphthongs, i, y, u, í>
Weak vowels: <a, á, é, e, o>
Syllables and StressEdit
Syllables in Ćín are (C)(C)V(C)(C) where C is a consonant and V is a vowel, diphthong, or triphthong.
Stress is determined by morae in PC. The number of mora a syllable contains is determined by the vowel in that syllable.
Monomoraic: a short weak vowel
Bimoraic: a short strong vowel or a long vowel
Trimoraic: a diphthong
Quadmoraic: a triphthong
Stress in Ćín always falls on the antepenultimate mora of a word and functions as a pitch accent. If the antepenultimate mora falls in a monomoraic or bimoraic syllable, the pitch is rising, if it is in a trimoraic or quadmoraic syllable, the pitch is falling.
While not extremely prevalent or complicated, sandhi did occur at word boundaries between a final vowel and a, á, or i. This resulting in a liquid being placed between the two words, j for between a final vowel and a, w between a final vowel and á, and l between a final vowel and i. Despite the fact it is written on the first word, it is pronounced with the second world. While it did not serve a grammatical function, it did generate irregularities in daughter languages.