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Ěrídàn

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Eridanian
Ěrídàn
Type
Semi-Synthetic/Analytic
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Eridanian is a language spoken in a solar system in Messier 98 in the Virgo Cluster.  On the only planet in their star system, the Eridanian species evolved - conditions on Eridan were favorable to human-like creatures becoming the dominant species.  However, these aliens have life-spans that equate to an approx. mean age of death at 20,000 years.  They became space-faring when life was just beginning on Earth.  Their biological system does not allow for anything that can be remotely construed as a “violent” response; they are a trader community excelling at problem solving skills, logical thought, resource extraction, and energy manipulation.  They would be considered a type 3 civilization on the Kardashev scale.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal (m)m (n)n (ñ)ɲ (ng)ŋ
Plosive

(p)p (b)b

(t)t (d)d (k)k (g)g (')ʔ
Fricative (f)f (v)v (dh)θ (s)s (z)z (x)ʃ(ž)ʒ (ch)x (h)h
Approximant (í)j
Trill (r)r
Lateral app. (l)l
Unvoiced Voiced
Co-articulated (hw)ʍ (w)w
Affricate (dx)dʒ

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Back
Close (í)i (ú)u
Near-close (y)ɪ
Close-mid (o)o
Mid (ů)ə
Open-mid (ě)ɛ
Open (á)a (à

AlphabetEdit

In K’hà’ěx, the writing system used for Eridanian, vowels are written as diacritics above the consonant letters.  Due to this, the Eridanian alphabet is never written in K’hà’ěx with separated vowels.  However, the vowels have been added to the end of this transcribed version of the Eridanian alphabet (Eridanian: vá'ěx) so that one can better remember which latin symbols are being used to represent them.

Written: Edit

Ww Rr Ll Mm Nn Ññ Çç Xx Zz Žž Ff DHdh Vv CHch Hh DXdx Bb Dd Gg Kk Pp Tt [Áá Íí Àà Oo Éé Ěě Úú Ůů Yy]

Spoken: Edit

"wà rà lí mà, ná ñě çá; xí zà ží,  fà ědh và chà; hé dxà bě gà,  kà íěp yt." [aw ee ah oh ey eh oo uh ih]

Áá Ww Íí Àà Rr Ll Mm Nn Ññ Oo Çç Xx Zz Žž Éé Ěě Ff DHdh Vv CHch Hh Úú DXdx Bb Dd Gg Ůů Kk Pp Tt YyEdit

"á wà í à, rá lí mà, nà ñě o çà, xí zà žě, éí ě fà ědh, và chà hě, ú dxà bě gà, ů kà ěp ot y."Edit

PhonotacticsEdit

[t] + [x] = [tʰkʰ]

Voiceless consonants become voiced if followed by voiced consonant

ex. [kʃ] + [d] = [gʒd]

[s] + [v] = [zv]

GrammarEdit

=

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Nouns No No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No Yes No No No No No
Pronouns Yes No Yes No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Verbs===

General InformationEdit

-All verbs have the "dictionary" form of 'ám[ROOT]ě'.
-Prefixes and suffixes are used to modify verbs.
-Verb conjugation in it's completeness: [negative][continuation][finite][3p]ROOT[tense/person/number]

Tense, Person, NumberEdit

Past Present Future
1ps -wí'í -wí -wí'àl
2ps -ío -o -àlo
3ps -íěl -ěl -àlěl
1pp -íárú -árú -àlárú
2pp -íán -án -àlán
3pp ík-om kí-om àlkí-om


Finite vs. Infinite TimeEdit

- If you want to show that an action was, is, or will be, ongoing:


-- Prefix 'ky' added to verb root starting with consonant


--Prefix 'kí' added to verb root starting with vowel


ex. Ámhědíně ("to wait") – kyhědínwí’í ("I was waiting")

NegationEdit

-Negation occur in two parts, the first part concerning the verb. Simply add the prefix 'ko' to the verb root.

ContinuationEdit

- To show an action that is expected to continue for the entirety of one's lifetime, the verb can take on a "continuative" form.


“Wo’ídn píorěpíoríěl.” = “The sun shone, as it has and will.”


“Wo’ídn píorěpíorěl.” = “The sun shines, as it has and will.”


-This continuative form can be used poetically as well. An example of its use outside of cosmological events would be:


“Ñěñwím’r’.” = “I love you, as I always have and always will.”


IPA - [‘ɲɛɲ.,wimːr]


ñě (cont.) + ñ (love) + wí (I) + (ě)m (person marker) + r (2nd person)

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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