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Īsdalskt

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Icelander
Īsdalskt
Type
Synthetic
Alignment
Nominative
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General InformationEdit

Īsdalskt (or in English, Icelander) is a classical Germanic language once spoken in and around the Norwegian fylker of Møre og Romsdal and the region of Trøndelag. The language gets its name from the cultural centre of the community in Īsdall, Norway's Trondheimsfjord.

It is an inflecting language, similar in complexity to Old Norse. It distinguishes four cases in all forms and positions and the vocative only marginally; it has a definiteness distinction in its nouns, but not adjectives. Unlike in Vāgøgjaskt, its definiteness markers are still mostly distinct from the case affixes.

Īsdalskt belongs to the same branch of North Germanic languages as Hrīmlendsk, and is a bit more distantly related to Vāgøgjaskt. With Hrīmlendsk it shares a longer developmental history than with Vāgøgjaskt, having split from the latter a hundred or so years before it split with the former. It has been influenced by Sámi languages to large: it has many loanwords and grammatical structures from an unidentified Sámi source. Its branch of Germanic languages is primarily characterised by their distinctive passive constructions and absence of distinct weak and strong forms of adjectives.

PhonologyEdit

Īsdalskt has ten vowel qualities spaced very unevenly across the vowel space: three pairs of front, three back and one central vowel quality. It features nasality and vowel length as distinctive features.

Front Central Back
Rounded Unrounded
High [i] ı [ĩ] i
[i:] í [ĩ:] ĩ
[y] y [ỹ] 
[y:] ý [ỹ:] 
[u] u [ũ] 
[u:] ú [ũ:] ũ
Mid [e] e [ẽ] ė
[e:] é [ẽ:] 
[ø] ø [ø̃] ø̇
[ø:] ǿ [ø̃:] ø̃

[ɐ] a [ɐ̃] ȧ
[ɐ:] á [ɐ̃:] ã

[o] o [õ] ȯ
[o:] ó [õ:] õ
Low [æ] ę [æ̃] ę̇
[æ:] æ [æ̃:] æ̃
[œ] ø̨ [œ̃] ø̨̇
[œ:] œ [œ̃:] œ̃
[ɒ] ǫ [ɒ̃] ǫ̇
[ɒ:] ǫ́ [ɒ̃:] ǫ̃

Writing SystemEdit

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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