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Şarman

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Şarman
Şarmanılın
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Agglutinative
Head direction
Tonal
Yes
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
None
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Şarman

Шарманылын
שארמאנyלyנ
شىرمىنيلين

Şarmanılın tîl

Spoken in:
Region: Siberia
Total speakers: 6,258 (native)
Ranking: 121
Genetic classification: Şarman-Turkic
  • Şarmanic languages
  • Şarman
Official status
Official language in:
Regulated by:
Language codes
ISO 639-1 sh
ISO 639-2 sh
SIL sh
See also: LanguageLists of languages

General informationEdit

Şarman (IPA: ʃɑrmǝnɯlɯn) is a language belongıng to the Şarmanic language group of the Şarman-Turkic (Altaic) language family.

Şarman is highly revelated as the mother language to the Şarmanic languages and a brother language to the Turkic languages. Both language groups share characteristic features such as vowel harmony, agglutination, lack of grammatical gender and subject-object-verb. Although it is not intelligibile with the the Turkic languages, it does have intelligibility with it's sister Waşüt languages,Gæç and Sonyut.

The language's history began in 4600 BC where the first Siberian nomads appeared. There, it developed into the Proto-Şarman-Turkic language until sometime in the mid 3rd millennium BC where the Turkic branch broke off into Proto-Turkic and the Şarman branch developed independently of the Turkic languages. The first known written records of the Şarmanic and Turkic languages are a 2nd-century Parthian traveler's journal recording a meeting with some Turkish tribes in the Far North. That has far been lost, the other one, a 5th-6th century Nesotrian commentary, is the earliest and oldest suriving attested of the Şarmanic or Turkic languages. Written mainly in Syraic, this dry clay tablet shows a full sentence in the Old Şarmanic language:

Ut͡ʃe Təgrɯr mäwtødɯ maɯʃ, Yɛhuudənə.....

  • Modern Spelling: Ütçe Tangrır mautödı maış, Yehüdana
  • Modern Şarman: Itçe Tengri yæka maqıa, Yehüden
  • English: For God has not forgiven the Jews

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Language Chart Şarman
Labial Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g q
Fricative f s z  ʃ ʒ ɣ
Affricate t͡ʃ  d͡ʒ ɕ
Approximant w l j
Trill r
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

AlphabetEdit

Letter Mm Nn Xz Pp Bb Tt Dd Cc Đđ Çç Kk
Sound /m/ /n/ /h/ /p/ /b/ /t/ /d/ /t͡s/ /d͡z/,/d͡ʒ/ /t͡ʃ/ /k/
Letter Gg Ff Vv Ss Zz Şş Rr
Sound /g/ /f/ /v/ /s/ /z/ /ʃ/ /ɯ/ /r/
Letter Ii Yy Ww Uu,
Üü
Öö Ee Oo Ăă Aa
Sound /i/,
/y/ /w/ /u/,
/w/
/ø/ /ɛ/ /ɔ/ /ä/ /ə/

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1Imeen
2you (singular)şăăn
3heeili
4webărzü
5you (plural)seyrk
6theyeluer
7thispa
8thatşăel
9heremuıda
10thereenıyed
11whowınç
12whatnuüç
13whereümç
14whenşön
15howküq
16notçæd
17allpü / pühın
18manyqön
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husbandataq
42motheronne
43father
44animal
45fishbaulak
46bird
47dogayt
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hairçıul, haçu
72headbeyhaş/beyhaşa (plural)
73earqülheg
74eyegüg
75nosebăreñ
76mouth
77toothşüd/şüde
78tonguetîlea/tîl
79fingernail
80footeyuq/eyuqa (plural)
81legpetu/petua (plural)
82kneetazpu, taza
83handqaul/qaule, qaula(plural)
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sunkünyeş
148moonaye
149starolyüüdış
150watersuwe
151rainyoğurç
152riverdoyrye
153lakeqwal
154seadoñez
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204andtiw
205if
206because
207nameuta


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