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Şarman

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Şarman
Şarmanılın
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Agglutinative
Head direction
Tonal
Yes
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
None
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Şarman

Шарманылын
שארמאנyלyנ
شىرمىنيلين

Şarmanılın tîl

Spoken in:
Region: Siberia
Total speakers: 6,258 (native)
Ranking: 121
Genetic classification: Şarman-Turkic
  • Şarmanic languages
  • Şarman
Official status
Official language in:
Regulated by:
Language codes
ISO 639-1 sh
ISO 639-2 sh
SIL sh
See also: LanguageLists of languages

General informationEdit

Şarman (IPA: ʃɑrmǝnɯlɯn) is a language belongıng to the Şarmanic language group of the Şarman-Turkic (Altaic) language family.

Şarman is highly revelated as the mother language to the Şarmanic languages and a brother language to the Turkic languages. Both language groups share characteristic features such as vowel harmony, agglutination, lack of grammatical gender and subject-object-verb. Although it is not intelligibile with the the Turkic languages, it does have intelligibility with it's sister Waşüt languages,Gæç and Sonyut.

The language's history began in 4600 BC where the first Siberian nomads appeared. There, it developed into the Proto-Şarman-Turkic language until sometime in the mid 3rd millennium BC where the Turkic branch broke off into Proto-Turkic and the Şarman branch developed independently of the Turkic languages. The first known written records of the Şarmanic and Turkic languages are a 2nd-century Parthian traveler's journal recording a meeting with some Turkish tribes in the Far North. That has far been lost, the other one, a 5th-6th century Nesotrian commentary, is the earliest and oldest suriving attested of the Şarmanic or Turkic languages. Written mainly in Syraic, this dry clay tablet shows a full sentence in the Old Şarmanic language:

Ut͡ʃe Təgrɯr mäwtødɯ maɯʃ, Yɛhuudənə.....

  • Modern Spelling: Ütçe Tangrır mautödı maış, Yehüdana
  • Modern Şarman: Itçe Tengri yæka maqıa, Yehüden
  • English: For God has not forgiven the Jews

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Language Chart Şarman
Labial Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g q
Fricative f s z  ʃ ʒ ɣ
Affricate t͡ʃ  d͡ʒ ɕ
Approximant w l j
Trill r
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

AlphabetEdit

Letter Mm Nn Xz Pp Bb Tt Dd Cc Đđ Çç Kk
Sound /m/ /n/ /h/ /p/ /b/ /t/ /d/ /t͡s/ /d͡z/,/d͡ʒ/ /t͡ʃ/ /k/
Letter Gg Ff Vv Ss Zz Şş Rr
Sound /g/ /f/ /v/ /s/ /z/ /ʃ/ /ɯ/ /r/
Letter Ii Yy Ww Uu,
Üü
Öö Ee Oo Ăă Aa
Sound /i/,
/y/ /w/ /u/,
/w/
/ø/ /ɛ/ /ɔ/ /ä/ /ə/

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1Imeen
2you (singular)şăăn
3heeili
4webărzü
5you (plural)seyrk
6theyeluer
7thispa
8thatşăel
9heremuıda
10thereenıyed
11whowınç
12whatnuüç
13whereümç
14whenşön
15howküq
16notçæd
17allpü / pühın
18manyqön
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandataq
42motheronne
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishbaulak
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogayt
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairçıul, haçu
72headbeyhaş/beyhaşa (plural)
73earqülheg
74eyegüg
75nosebăreñ
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothşüd/şüde
78tonguetîlea/tîl
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footeyuq/eyuqa (plural)
81legpetu/petua (plural)
82kneetazpu, taza
83handqaul/qaule, qaula(plural)
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunkünyeş
148moonaye
149starolyüüdış
150watersuwe
151rainyoğurç
152riverdoyrye
153lakeqwal
154seadoñez
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andtiw
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameuta


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