| Name: I don't know
Number of genders: 1
(Note: Both verb conjugations and noun declensions are noun declensions.)
I tried to contradict multiple linguistic universals and make strange sounds, while also making a language with an artificial history. Eventually, I ended up not contradicting all that many, honestly.
This language can be analyzed as using a zero copula in every sentence, because it has no verbs. It does have direct markers. Also, it has two syllabic consonants, one of which is voiceless, as well as lacking stops and fricatives (though it could be argued that certain approximants are fricatives).
This language exists on somewhere that isn't Earth. This is a language that is spoken on the home planet of the world.
After another alien civilization contacted it, trade was originally done in another language. However, this language became an unofficial trade language because of its abundance of sounds that the aliens could easily distinguish. Some of them originally wrote down the name of the language as "Afonozov" or "Asonobov", after hearing [ɯɸ̺ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋ](my language) as something like "asonozov". Eventually, the latter prevailed, despite the former being slightly more accurate (hence, Asonobov redirects here).
|Nasal||m̥||ɱ̥ ɱ||n̼̊ n̼||ɳ̊|
|Approximant||ʋ̥ ʋ||ɸ̺* ð̼*||ɻ̊ ɻ|
|Lateral fric.||ɬ̪ ɮ̪||ɬ ɮ||ꞎ ɭ˔|
|Lateral app.||l̼̊ l̼||l̪̊||l̥||ɭ̊ ɭ|
- These can be analyzed as co-articulated [ɸ̺͡l̟̊] and [ð̼͡l̟].
Syllabic Consonants = ɻ̩ʷ ,ɻ̩̊ʷ
The language is V(C), and the words are pronounced vowel-consonant. For example, Arabic would be pronounced ar.ab.ic, and not a.ra.bic.
Adjectives are nouns without noun markers that have cases. For example, angry person would be like "angerwithperson".
Voice is indicated by prefixes which can be analyzed as possessive pronouns. There are unique declensions for 1st person, 2nd person, 1st person exclusive, 2nd person exclusive, and 2nd person inclusive. 1st person inclusive is created by combining the relevant 1st and 2nd person prefixes.
1st person/exclusive = [ɯɸ̺]/[ɯð̼]
2nd person/exclusive/inclusive = [ɯ̽ʋ̥]/[ɯ̽ʋ]/[ɯ̽ɱ]
2nd person inclusive is used when the speaker is referring to both people that it is speaking to both people that are and are not in the vicinity of the speaker, and they belong to a certain group.
[ɯɸ̺ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋ] = [ɯɸ̺]-[ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋ] = 1st person prefix-languages = my languages
[ɯ̽ʋ̥ɯɸ̺ɯ̽ɬ̪ɤɭ] = [ɯ̽ʋ̥]-[ɯɸ̺]-[ɯ̽ɬ̪ɤɭ] = 2nd person prefix-1st person prefix-names = the names of you and me (order of voice prefixes can be flipped, and this can be replicated with any other such prefixes)
[ɯ̽ɱɯ̽ɬ̪ɤɭ] = [ɯ̽ɱ]-[ɯ̽ɬ̪ɤɭ] = 2nd person inclusive prefix-names = all of your names
You may have noticed that all of the nouns have been plural. This is because instead of a plural marker, there is a singular marker.
[ɯɸ̺ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋɯɱ] = [ɯɸ̺]-[ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋ]-[ɯɱ] = 1st person prefix-languages-singular = my language
There are three tenses that appear at the beginning of words, after adjectives. There is no present tense because, from a somewhat logical standpoint, it is unnecessary. The "recent" suffix goes after the tense that it modifies.
ɯ̽l̼ = past
ɞ̞n̼̊ = future
ɞ̞l̼̊ = future-in-the-past (would have)
̞ɻ̩ʷl̪̊ = recent (recent past, recent future)
ɯɮ = comitative
ɞ̞ɭ̊ = genitive
ɞ̞l̥ = inessive
ɻ̩ʷn̼̊ = locative
ɯɻ̊ = durative
Negative is shown with [ɻ̩̊ʷɳ̊]. There is no word for "yes" or "no", though there are "That is a thing." and "That isn't a thing."
[ɯð̼ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋɯɱɻ̩̊ʷɳ̊] = [ɯð̼]-[ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋ]-[ɯɱ]-[ɻ̩̊ʷɳ̊] = 1st person exclusive prefix-languages-singular-negative suffix = not our language
Nouns functioning in a sentence take a marker that shows that they are part of a sentence.
[ɞ̞ɳ̊ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋ] = [ɞ̞ɳ̊]-[ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋ] = direct marker-languages = Languages.
[ɞ̞ɳ̊ɯ̽l̼ɯɸ̺ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋɯɮ ɞ̞ɳ̊ɯ̽l̼ɯ̽ɱɯ̽ɬ̪ɤɭ] = [ɞ̞ɳ̊]-[ɯ̽l̼]-[ɯɸ̺]-[ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋ]-[ɯɮ] [ɞ̞ɳ̊]-[ɯ̽ɱ]-[ɯ̽l̼]-[ɯ̽ɬ̪ɤɭ] = direct marker-PAST-1st person prefix-languages-COM direct marker-PAST-2nd person inclusive prefix-names = (The) names that belonged to all of you were with my languages.
[ɯð̼ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋɯɱ] = [ɯð̼]-[ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋ]-[ɯɱ] = 1st person exclusive prefix-languages-singular = our language
Word List / [ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋɞ̞ɭ̊ɤɱɯʋɤn̼] /[ɤn̼̊ɤð̼ɤʋ]-[ɞ̞ɭ̊]-[ɤɱɯʋɤn̼]