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Ƹikari

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Ƹikari
ƹikari
Type Fusional
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations No
Genders None
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Introduction Edit

ƹikari has no known ancestor language or related languages. It is the main language spoken by the semi-nomadic people of the jassdi Desert.

Dialects Edit

Due to the nature of the speakers, there are many dialects of ƹikari. However, the differences are incredibly subtle, because the different dialects move location and blend with each other often enough to mostly even out to the natural tongue.

Some of the common changes between dialects include the lack of apostrophe usage, or the replacement of all bilabial nasal consonants with dental nasal consonants.

PhonologyEdit

One of the first you might notice about ƹikari is the complete lack of an uppercase. There is only one case of letters: lowercase. All consonants and vowels represent a single phoneme. Apostrophes [ ' ] are used to combine words. If the last sound of the first word and first sound of the second word are similar, the apostrophe may be used to combine them. Certain dialects do not use the apostrophe. 

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular
Nasal m n
Plosive t d
Fricative ts dz s z ʁ
Approximant j k

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Back
Close i u
Close-mid ə
Open-mid ɛ

PhonotacticsEdit

The repetition of a consonant can indicate a stutter or a lengthy hissing. The stutter can occur with t, d, and k. Held hissing can occur with ƹ, ʥ, s, and z. In the cases of ƹ and ʥ, only the second sound is held out, the s or z respectively.

Phonetic Rules Edit

ƹ and ʥ can only be used as the first letter of a word.

There can not be two fricatives in a row.

There can not be two vowels in a row.

Apostrophes may only be used to combine up to three words.

No nouns may begin with vowels.

Writing System Edit

Letter m n t d ƹ ʥ s z j k r i
Sound m n t d ts dz s z j k ɹ i
Letter e a u
Sound ɛ ǝ u

There are no capital letters in ƹikari. The entirety of the language is in a single case, which appears like the English lowercase.

PronounsEdit

ƹikari has only six pronouns, because there is no gender in the language of ƹikari.

First Person Second Person Third Person
Singular ki ssatta tezi
Plural ƹizin daten min

Verb Conjugation Edit

ƹikari has mostly regular verbs, but just a few irregular verbs. The irregular verbs are to be, to live, and to die. All others follow a regular pattern. All the infintives for regular verbs end in -sez.

Tenses Edit

There are four tenses: present, instantaneous present, past, and future.

The present tense can mean I do, I can do, or I do do.

The instantaneous present (shortened to instant) means I am doing.

The past tense can mean I did or I was doing.

The future tense can mean I will do or I am going to do.

This is a conjugation of the verb rizesez, which means "to work", in the four tenses.

Present Insant Past Future
ki rizes 'miz rizesez rizesezem rizek
ssatta rizes 'mez rizesez rizesezim rized
tezi rizes 'mi rizesez rizesezemi rizer
ƹizin rizess emizi rizesez rizesezen rizetes
daten rizess emij rizesez rizesezin rizetes
min rizess ediz rizesez rizesezeni rizetes

Moods Edit

There are also three moods. These are used to show desire, need, and appropriate action.

The subjunctive mood means I want to do.

The jussive mood means I need to do.

The conditional mood means I would do.

These moods are simply indicated with prefixes on the verbs they modify. For the subjunctive, add ƹi-. For the jussive, add de-. For the conditional, add kami-.

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