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Ȟaɂ V̈ingag

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Ȟaɂ V̈ingag
Ȟaɂ V̈ingag
Type Agglutinative
Alignment Ergative
Head direction Final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 10%
Statistics
Nouns 31%
Verbs 4%
Adjectives 6%
Syntax 0%
Words 167 of 300
Creator Xjunajpu

Ȟaɂ V̈ingag (scientific transcription: Ȟaɂ V̈iŋgağ meaning Speech of the Wise Men; IPA: /çaʔ ɥingaɣ/ or [çjaʔ ɥiŋgaɰ]) is an artistic language with an ergative alignement created by G. P. Grieco in 2016 for the imaginary V̈iŋ people.

Characteristics Edit

Ȟaɂ V̈ingag is a naturalistic language crafted for the immaginary V̈iŋ people. It is an agglutinative language that makes not big use of prepositions. It distinguishes for the noun six cases (ergative, absolutive, genitive, dative, locative and ablative). Verbs are conjugated according to mood, person and tense. It only distinguishes past and present tense. There are four moods (indicative, subjuntive, imperative and cohortative). Adjectives and adverbs are not declined.

History Edit

Fictional History Edit

The language was artificially created by King Muv̈ing the son of King Aba Mulikag, the founder of the Labi Cakura Empire. King Muv̈ing noted that put in communication diffrent peoples with no common identity was difficult, and thaught that a common language was a good way to do this.

The language was created basing on some dialects spoken in the area of the capital, mainly the King's native dialect. All the languages from which Ȟaɂ V̈ingag derives are part of the KYa language family, and share common ancestors.

Phonology Edit

Consonants Edit

The consonant articulate in 6 places of articulation (labial, coronal, palatal, velar, uvular and glottal) and 3 manners of articulation (stop, fricative and approximant).

For stops and fricatives voicing is phonemic, but aspiration is not, just like in English. Fricatives are divided into plain, lateral and sibilant. Approximants divide in plain, labialized and lateral.

Non - Pulmonic consonats can be either clicks, ejectives or implosives.

Labial Coronal Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Stop Voiced b d [ɟ] g
Voiceless p t [c] c /k/ k /q/ ɂ
Fricative Voiced ð ȟ /ç/ c̆ /x/ h
Voiceless þ /θ/ ğ /γ/
Lateral ś /ɬ/
Sibilant s š /ʃ/
Nasal m n ň /nj/ ŋ
Approx. Plain r /ɹ/ y /j/ [ɰ]
Labialized v̈ /jw/

v /w/ ɔ /ʍ/

Lateral l ľ /lj/
Non Pulmonic ṗ /𐍈/ ṭ /t'/ ṣ /ts'/ ṣ̌ /tʃ'/ c̣ /k'/ ḳ /q'/

Notes:

  • [ɟ] and [c] sometimes can be allophones of /d/and /t/ respectively before [i] depending on the speaker.
  • [ɰ] is used as allophone of /γ/ at the end of a word.
  • /γ/ and /x/ are often treated as allophones of /g/ and /k/ at the end of a word or before /e/ and /i/.

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Unrounded Rounded
Close i ü /y/ u Close
Near Close e ö /œ/ ǝ o Near Close
Near Open æ Near Open
Open a Open
Unrounded Rounded Central Back
Front

Phonotactics Edit

Syllabes Edit

The allowed syllabe structures are CV, CCV and CVC. Other structures are not allowed at all.Note that the glottal stop counts as consonant, so in fact also words practically starting with a vowel in fact start with a consonant. Syllabe clusters are only allowed at the head of a syllabe. Only a few clusters are permitted. Consonant who cluster must share place of articulation but not manner of articulation. Often in sound hierarchy, the first sound of a cluster is higher than the second, but exception are allowed with no problems. Only voiced consonants can be syllabe coda, but often in declination the final voiceless cononant is kept.

Allowed Consonant Clusters Edit

nasal /t/ /s/
/b/ /mb/ /b/
/p/ /mp/ /p/
/d/ /nd/ /sd/ /d/
/t/ /nt/ /st/ /t/
/g/ /ŋg/ /g/
/k/ /ŋk/ /k/
/ð/ /nð/ /ð/
/r/ /tr/ /sr/ /r/
nasal /nm/ /sn/ nasal
nasal /t/ /s/

Grammar Edit

Number Edit

Number in pronouns and nouns is marked with a suffix. Distinction is made between four different numbers. Here are the suffixes:

Number Suffix Notes
singular not marked
dual -män two elements
trial -(e/o)š three elements
paucal -(a)mbe a few elements
plural -ṗa many elements
Number Suffix Notes

Case Edit

Nouns and verbs declinate depending on the case. We have 6 cases. Here there are:

Case Suffix Notes
Ergative not marked Subject of a transitive verb.
Absolutive -(i) Subject of intransitive verb; object.
Genitive -(a)g Denotes possession.
Dative -(i)ra Translates English preposition to.
Locative -(i)n Translates Eng. prepositions in & at.
Ablative -(i)nta Translates Eng. by, from, with.
Case Suffix Notes

Pronouns Edit

Person Animate Inanimate Person
Ergative Absolutive
1st Exclusive mi ma Exclusive 1st
Inclusive nðü nði nða Inclusive
2nd Informal þü þi þa Informal 2nd
Formal v̈i Formal
3rd This ȟü ȟi la This 3rd
That hɔi hɔa That
Person Ergative Absolutive Inanimate Person
Animate

Pronouns are pluralized just like normal nouns using the sufixes illustrated above.

Note that 1st person distinguishes inclusive and exclusive forms. In fact inclusive form can only be plural, but is not needed to mark number with these pronouns.

Verb Conjugation Edit

Verbs are conjugated applying prefixes and sufixes to the verb root.

Tense Edit

Only two tenses are distinguished: past and present. Past is marked with the prefix ba-. Presnt is not marked. To express the future tense you should use construction with the verbs cer "to think" and tar "to program".

Mood Edit

Moods are marked after the tense using a prefix.

Mood Prefix Mood Prefix
Indicative -m/n- Imperative -g(a)-
Subjuntive -a- Cohortative -de(m/n)-
Mood Prefix Mood Prefix

Vocabulary Edit

Greetings
Ȟaɂ V̈ingag Literal Translation English Equivalent
sinma þira peace to you Hello!
sinma þüra peace to you (m. sg.)
sinma þiṗira peace to you (pl.)
sinma v̈ira peace to you (formal) Good day!
sekimme it is shining Good morning!
ğeylamme there's the sun Good afternoon
iḳamme there's the moon Good night!
ðuś anta is good? Is it okay?
tit ðuś aɂantala is it good? How are you? (inform.)
nuntit ambeśar śar isn't 52 perfect? How are you? (formal)
Ȟaɂ V̈ingag Literal Translation English Equivalent

Xjunajpu (talk) 13:40, September 7, 2016 (UTC)

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