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Гony is a conlang that utilizes a modified Latin alphabet, VSO sentence structure, and a basically semitic flavor.
- Basic Grammar
- Pronunciation and alphabet
- Literary excerpts
Verbs: For this section, all examples will feature the verb nemr (to go). Understand that all verbs in Гony are regular, though those that begin with a vowel sometimes have a slightly different pronunciation.
- Tense: There are three tenses in Гony, past, present, and future. Tense is indicated with a prefix attached to the verb, these are: ɬï (tsee) present, ƨe (sheh) past and ȼe (cheh) future. So ɬïnemren means "I go" we'll get to the -en in the next section.
- Subject: Obviously subject is expressed with a suffix, and the suffixes remain the same no matter what the tense or verb. They are- I:-en we:ɸn(oin) you:et them:ïn(een) It:eƨ(esh) world:ev(this is a special subject, more on it later.)
- Pronouns: The pronouns are me-sen you-set* it-teƨ(tesh) we*-vɸn(voin) them-ïv(eev) world-vot'
*These, when placed as a suffix after conjugation indicate command, so: ɬïnemretset(tsee nem ret set) means "Go!"
- Plurality: This is possibly the most simple rule in the whole language, -a indicates plurality after a consonant, -na after a vowel. EX:
- Possesives are expressed with a seperate word and are: My-en your- it its-es our-ɸs(ois) their-ïs(ees) world's-ev
- Prepositions are placed before the modified word, so: ɬïnemren ȼɸ mɉƨ (tseenemren choi miesh) means I go to the rock
- Articles: Notice that the article above wasn't marked in the Гony version, this is because Гony doesn't use articles. Nothing further.
- Basic sentence structure: Sentence structure, as stated above, takes the form of Verb-Subject-Object. So ɬïnemreƨ Saul Гov (tseenemresh Sohl Leh-ov) means Saul goes home.
- Past participle: The past participle is represented by a prefix attached to the infinitive of the verb. So gone in Гony is tҨnemr (toonemr)
This ends the basic grammar section, a more advanced grammatical system will be featured as it's developed.
Note: see the pronunciation and alphabet section for an explanation of symbols.
Alphabet and PronunciationEdit
Гony utilizes a range of symbols, some of which have Latin counterparts, and some of which do not. The first letter of the name for instance is pronounced "luh" instead of the normal Latin "l". Below is a complete list of symbols and letters used in Гony, paired with their latin transliteration.
a-ah æ-ae b-b d-d e-eh f-f h-heh i-ih ï-ee ɉ-ie j-j k-k Г-leh l-l m-m n-n ŋ-ng o-oh Ҩ-oo p-p r-r s-s ƨ-sh t-t ɬ-ts u-uh ɸ-oi v-v w-w y-yuh ȼ-chEdit
In addition to this there are a few accented transformations, they are: o(oh)->ǒ(hoh) u(uh)->ǔ(oo) a(ah)->ǎ(ae) i(ih)->ǐ(ai) e(eh)->ě(ae)