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Adrian

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Adrian is a common language used for daily conversations, business and other things. It is the majority language in most of the nations in Mercia, but it's home language is the proud and prosperous kingdom of 'Adria. Adrian is based solely on the ancient language spoken by the original fairies on Earth. It has spawned many variants, the main five being Zanarin, spoken by the Zanari of Zana Xi, Inendil of the Inendi of Inendo, Ikraslov of the Slovian of Ikrasov, Solik-Adrian of the Solians of Soli, Icelandic for the Icelandic of the Icelands. Adrian is also commonly spoken in the dialect of Vicargan, a quicker and faster way of speaking and has a quick and easy alphabet.

SettingEdit

Adrian was founded in the nation of 'Adria, and is based on the ancient language spoken by the old fairies of the Earth. The fairies, when evolved into Humans, could not pronounce many of the sounds in their ancient tongue, so created a new one from the roots available. This is why Adrian did not generate any letters for the sounds S (sat), P (pat) or W (wet), since the ancient tongue had forms of these letters only able to be spoken by the original fairies. The ancient tongue is now a dead language in Mercia, due to the fairies evolving into the many races of Mercia left.

MerciaEdit

On the Earth, there are four continents: Bilan, Aralan, Yinderan and Terran. Terran is the largest, and Mercia is the peninsula in the North-West. It has a border of mountains blocking Mercia from the rest of Terran. However, it is large enough to hoem many races of creatures. Humans are the most common, and commonly from 'Adria. They're technology is based upon magic and forms of magical energy in stoens called 'Aidances'. This is why they have airships, but no cars.

PhonologyEdit

The phonology of Adrian is very similar to English (since it was based upon it). There are 20 consonant and 8 vowels.

Name of Letter Name Meaning Sound Example Transliteration
Anmol Animal A pat a
Beuz Hook B bat b
Kutóác Blade K cat k
Duka Bucket D dog d
Ee Wheel E pet e
Póna Thunder TH think p
Zolá Sun Z zoo z
Hivá Head H/' high/uh-oh h/'
Árek Square AR arm á
Selv Spade ZH leisure s
Jele Hole J jam j
Icka Stem IE light i
Yet Feather Y yip y
Ódó Eye OR corn ó
Luná Moon L let l
Mara Love M mat m
Nooton Law N pen n
Olom Leg O pot o
Fumul Hammer F fast f
Coc Hand CH church c
Ölanden Grass OL old ö
Gana Foot G give g
Tina Clock T ten t
Rot Cup R run r
Ukal Ring UR learn u
Xáte Spear PS/KS laps/max x
Chest NG thing ñ
Vikal Cart V vet

v

The sound of S (sat) is usually used in borrowed words and cognates, where it is represented by x^s. P (pat) is likewise set as x^p. These however are uncommon in normal Adrian.

DiphthongsEdit

'e' before another vowel sounds like ee (see) before turning into that vowel (except 'ee', it stays as ee) e.g. eo = ee-o, ea = ee-a

The same works with 'u' e.g. ua = oo-a, uo = oo-o

ei ie oo óa óá óe
bay sit suit air soot sun boing

Addding ^y after 'a' creates ow (loud) and adding it after 'o' makes oe (toe).

When a vowel ending word leads onto a vowel beginning word, then the sound 'y' is added to the second word, however if the sounds are similar (á & a = á/ o, ö & ó = ó) , the two words are sounded together. e.g. Zyö áp = Zyol yarth / Zya áp = Zyarth

OthographyEdit

Abkudepz
The Adrian alphabet is named the 'Abkudepz', and has 32 letters, each with capitals and including the version of 'Hivá', meaning the glottal stop. Therefore, there are 65 signs for the sounds in Adrian.

The Abkudepz was formed by symbols based upon the words their names come from. Beuz, as you can see, is the image of a hook. Coc represents a hand and the forearm. Marad, although named love, is based upon the fairies 'doodles' when in love.

When writing, the letters are written right to left, top to bottom, like the scripts used by the fairies in their encantations.

There are also two other forms of Xáte and the forms of Anmol and Olom including the Yet Signature, represented using different colours. They are considered variations of the letters.

Rot, Ukal, Xáte, Añ and Vikal are often considered dark letters, and words using them are considered slightly disliking. This is why Xáte is commonly used in hurtful words, although also speech.

The lower five letters are used as well as their counterparts. There is no strict time when to use them.

Basic GrammarEdit

Adrian is placed in a VOS word order in every situation. When using a relative clause, it goes into two 'teka's (,,) and placed before the respective noun, actign like an adjective. The word order also goes Time Place Manner and Time, Adverb, Verb, Position, Relative Clause, Number, Adverb, Quantifier, Adjective, Quantifier, Noun, Article, Surbordiante Clause, Conjunction. Conjunctions always connect the two parts and cannot go towards the front of a sentence at all. The article goes to the end of the noun and the verb "be" is not included in Adrian. Instead, the object acts like an adjective and goes before the noun.

Example:

I am going to go to the happy town.

Going to go to happy town the I.

Verb-Go Pos-To Adj-Happy Noun-Town Art-M,S,D,C Pro-1st,Sing NFT

Zyö bá jó ton ec Áp fó

NounsEdit

Nouns in Adrian have no gender. Gender is inflicted only on certain words depending on the gender of the person speaking.

CasesEdit

Change to Noun

Man

Change to Pronoun

I

Change to 3rd Person Pronoun

He

Possessive

-ikul

ahemikul

- last Syll

á

- last Syll/Letter

le

Nominative

-y

ahemy

áp

leron

Accusative

ahem

áp

-ló

leronló

Plural nouns are represented by adding on -(e)p or other specific means. e.g. sg-harum (sky) pl-hara (skies)


Subjects of a sentence are marked in writing by having a capital letter at the beginning.

PronounsEdit

The pronouns in Adrian all mean their subjective and objective forms. They also can become possesive if you remove the last syllable except for 'it', where it loses the last letter. There is a grand total of 24 pronouns in Adrian, comapred to the 8 in English:

1st Person 2nd Person 3rd Person
One áp ác móp móc leron ieron*
Many háp hác nóp nóc veron fieron*
Polite/Formal hákp hánc nókp bónc
Extra Person velo filo
Non-Present lev ief
Hypothetical/It Singular ót ut
Hypothetical/It Plural óp up
Male Female Male Female Male Female
  • when written down, the 'e' is left out.

When writing an intransitive sentence, put '-self' in the object's place to make it a transitive sentence: Zqy áp Áp = Going myself, I.

Demonstrative and Interrogative PronounsEdit

This, that, those can be represented in pornouns, but also have seperate nouns in the cases of itnerrogation, involving who, what and why. They can represented in a table, once again.

QUERY

THIS

THAT

SOME

NO

EVERY

ANY

ADJECTIVE

Which/hyet

Ju

Keib

Neita

Xeve

Xene

PERSON

Who/hya

Yu

Ebya

Etya

Evehya

Enehya

THING

What/hyád

Ju

Ebyá

Nan item

Evehyád

Enehyád

PLACE

Where/hyó

Yu ezyó

Yó ezyó

Ebyó

Etjó

Xeve ezhyó

Enehyó

TIME

When/hyun

Jum

Jóm

Ebyun

Neita lavanj boxsa

Evehyun

Enehyun

WAY

How/hyö

Junt

Jónt

Keib hyö

Neita boxsa hyö

Xyö xeve

Xyö xene

REASON

Why/hyi

Tyu

Tyó

Ebyi

Etyi

Evehyi

Xene hyö zak hyi

AMOUNT How much/hyoc Ju Keib kole Neita kole Xeve kole Xene kole

To make plural forms of 'this' and 'that', add on -p to get 'Jup' and 'Jóp' for 'these' and 'those'.

ArticlesEdit

There are 16 articles in Adrian, which also refer to the speaker's gender. If it is read, it is always placed in the male gender.

Male Speaking

Female Speaking

Indefinite

e

á

a

ó

Consonant ending noun

he

ta

ha

Vowel ending noun

Definite

ec

át

ap

ov

Consonant ending noun

hec

‘t

hap

vot

Vowel ending noun

Singular

Plural

Singular

Plural

VerbsEdit

Verbs are situated first in a sentence usually. They have two main forms: positive and negative. All verbs have a specific way of becoming negative, however there is a recuring pattern:

n | -ó

á,ó,u | -rez

e | -ita

a | -ran

Other forms add p/ep.

Verbs can also change into three other forms:

The first makes the verb become a person who does the action e.g. xikena'ó = namer

The second makes the verb become a thing that the verb is done to e.g. ecant = song

The thrid makes the verb act as an object, but stay as the action e.g. vakópu = drawing

Cant ecant e Cantó he.

A singer sings a song.

Running can kill.

Ra hexipu Haragapu.

First form ~ -((á)')ó (' is used if the verb ends in a vowel/'á' is incluuded if the verb ends in 'ó' in either of its positive or negative forms.)

Second form ~ e('(á))- (same reasons above)

Third form ~ -pu

Usually, they go by the rest of the case rules.

Uneffected by verb endingsEdit

Present Past Future

Wishful

(would like)

Unwishful

Possible/Conditional

(could/would)

Repeated

Necessary/Expected (must/should)

Imperfect Perfect
fó- fó- "ev"/-v eva- "iñ" "iñó" "káp" 1st Syll x2 "san"
xiken áp Áp fóxiken áp Áp fóxiken ev áp Áp evaxiken áp Áp xiken áp iñ Áp xiken áp iñó Áp xiken áp káp Áp xixiken áp Áp xiken san áp Áp
I name I did name I have named I will name I would like to name I would'nt like to name I could name I rename I must name
xikenó áp Áp fóxikenó áp Áp fóxikenóv áp Áp evaxikenó áp Áp xikenó áp iñ Áp xikenó áp iñó Áp xikenó áp káp Áp xixikenó áp Áp xikenó san áp Áp
I don't name I didn't name I haven't named I won't name I would like to name not I would'nt like to not name I couldn't name I don't rename I mustn't name.

There are a number of irregularities in the tense forms, including zyö (go), pez (live) and fi (finish): zya/zyó, perez/póz, fina/fe.

Affected by verb endingEdit

2nd Person

3rd Person

It

Order

a,e,o

-z

-x

-s

-tac

á,u,ó

-pac

i

-nac

y

-dac

m,n,ñ

-uz

-ux

-us

-akan

f,v,p,b

-ok

-og

-oñ

z,x,s

-ez

-ex

-es

t,d,c,j

-iz

-ix

-is

k,g,

-áz

-áx

-ás

l,r,q,h/'

-at

-ad

-an



Verbs aren't usually affected by number.

AdjectivesEdit

If you are talking about something that has had something done to it, (broken, brunt), then use the correct verb but ad táñ. Adjectives aren't usually affected by any extra factors. When talking about adjectives, we mean 'phrases' that describe a noun. This includes into the fact that there is no verb "to be" in Adrian. When saying something 'is', Adrian places it before the noun, like a normal adjective.

A red book.

Ren cód e.

I am happy.

áp.

When comparing, to create a superlative add 'an-' on to the adjective and put 'za' after. When describing more, add 'ab-', and when describing most, repeat the entire word.

A big book.

Gran cód e.

A bigger book.

Abgran cód e.

The biggest book.

Grangran cód e.

As big as a book.

Angran za cód e.

Many words can have their meaning altered by attaching a number of affixes:

'deá(')-' = opposite, deájó = unhappy

'-bap' = lacking, jóbap = no happiness

'-buk' = plenatiful, jóbuk = very happy

'-nil' = able to do so, irunil = edible

'es-' = weakened, esren = reddish

'ej-' = strengthened, ejren = really red

'-joli' = adverb, jójoli = happily

Also, when describing number, the article is not removed.

NumbersEdit

Adrian has a base-8 system of numbers.

0 - nan

1 - e, 10 - eca, 100 - ecapo^y

2 - tek, 20 - teka, 200 - tekapo^y

3 - lósa, 30 - lóxa, 300 - lóxapo^y

4 - me, 40 - mea, 400 - meapo^y

5 - an, 50 - ana, 500 - arapo^y

6 - tuf, 60 - tufa, 600 - tufapo^y

7 - ex, 70 - exa, 700 - exapo^y


1000 - i

When puttign together a number, go greatest number first, and place 'i' after the number of thousands as a seperate word After every hundred, place 'á' when adding on tens or units..

542, 631

anapo^y á mea tek i tufapo^y á lóxan e

50 red books.

Ana ren cod á.

AdverbsEdit

Adverbs are usually told apart by ending in -joli. Some, however do not apply. Since they act like adjectives, they go before the verb or adjective. Some adjectives can become adverbs by adding -joli, or changing the last syllable to -li.

I ran quickly.

Zamjoli zyö áp Áp.

A quite red book.

Rali ren Cód e.


Time phrases are treated like adverbs, and so are always placed before the verb or adjectvie and therefore always at the beginning of a sentence.

Today, I went to town.

Judon, zyó bá ton e Áp.

TimeEdit

Time in Adrian isn't based on seconds, minutes or hours. It has a much different time set. It does, however, retain days and the week. Months are set out slightly differently, along with seasons.



Time of Day

7 eon - 24 hours

12 era - 1 eon - 3.43 hours

20 bereod - 1 era - 17.14 minutes

50 tin - 1 bereod - 51.43 seconds

1 tin - 1.03 seconds


Day - feita

Night - seit

Midday - medeita

Midnight - meseita

Before 2nd Eon (morning) - ulei

After 2nd Eon (afternoon/evening) - móbya

Dawn - lazt

Dusk - lent


Days of the Week

The days of the week are anmed after the physical guardians of the elemnts of Spirit, Shadow, Fire, Water, Earth, Metal and Air.

Sunday - Zoldon - Day of The Sun

Monday - Lundon - Day of The Moon

Tuesday - Fekdon - Day of The Snow

Wednesday - Zándon - Day of The Sand

Thursday - Ceádon - Day of The Forest

Friday - Tóhadon - Day of The Mountains

Saturday - Natadon - Day of The Clouds


Months

There are 12 months in the year, and are situated around their seasons.

Month of Spirit - Zorieti - 4th Mar ~ 5th Apr

Month of Stone - Donzati - 6th Apr ~ 8th May

Month of Sand - Zánkati - 9th May - 10th Jun

Month of Lava - Mañati - 11th Jun ~ 13th Jul

Month of Poison - Depati - 14th Jul ~ 15th Aug

Month of Gold - Körati - 16th Aug ~ 17th Sep

Month of Diamond - Julati - 18th Sep ~ 20th Oct

Month of Wood - Vudati - 21st Oct ~ 23rd Nov

Month of Ice - Izati - 24th Nov ~ 26th Dec

Month of Cloud - Natati - 27th Dec ~ 28th Jan

Month of Lightning - Litnati - 29th Jan ~ 3th Mar


Seasons

There are six seasons.

Season of Life - Zereot - 19th Feb ~ 20th April

Zorieti

Season of Leaves - Frakolp - 21st April ~ 20th June

Donzati & Zánkati

Season of Heat - Omepa - 21th June ~ 20th Aug

Mañati & Depati

Season of Harvest - Vikyoo - 21st Aug ~ 20th Oct

Körati & Julrati

Season of Rain - Arazon - 21st Oct ~ 20th Dec

Vudati & Izati

Season of Snow - Fekyinox - 21st Dec ~ 18th/19th Feb

Natati & Litnati

PrepositionsEdit

Some regular prepositions include:

bá - to (direction)

ze - for/to (towards someone)

kajura - inside/in

end - outside/out

kil - on (top)

ge - off (not on)


I went to town.

Zyó ton Áp.


Get off that table!

Sóvonakan móp Móp ge jó raktun!


ConjunctionsEdit

Conjunctions must be placed between both parts of the sentence being connected. However, their particle forms can be used to switch the order of the two sections, or more. Basically, each conjunction has a particle that it allowed to be placed at the beginning of a sentence to change the order of the phrases. e.g.


A man and a cat.

Ahem e von letó he.

A man and a cat.

Koká letó he von ahem e.


I will die if I run.

Evadóñgó áp Áp zótó haraga áp Áp.

If I run, I will die.

Kókó haraga áp Áp zótó evadóñgó áp Áp.


(koká) von - and

(keká) elt - but/yet

(kaka) sak - or

(kiki) ik - so

(kaká) jak - nor

(kiká) xyi - because

(kókó) zótó - if


QuestionsEdit

When asking a question, replace what you wnat to know with the appropriate query e.g.

What is your name?

Xikenuz hyád móp?


When asking a question that you want ye sor no, add 'pum' to the end of the query. If you want more detail, change it to cum.

Do you like me?

Kez áp Móp pum?


Why do you like me?

Kez áp Móp cum?

VikarganEdit

Vikargan is the form of Adrain spoken by the people of Vicargo. It is mainyl a lot of idioms and shortened versions of long words. They get rid of negative forms of verbs, and just use 'Nan' after the verb to negatize it. They also don't have articles and diphthongs are always simplified in their words.

e.g.

English - I went to town.

Adrian - Zyó bá ton Áp.

Vikargon - Sö nan tona af.


Also, due to a number of their words being similar, they have changes in pitch to differentiate them.

DictionaryEdit

Adrian - EnglishEdit

English - AdrianEdit

a/an e Other
able nil Adjective
aboard kas Position
about vepn Position
above bovan Position
account erekál Noun
acid dezol Adjective
across sala Position
act eláteñ Noun
addition indiñ Noun
adjustment vee Noun
advertisement x^póabliek Noun
after eipak Position
against (lnt) tókö Position
against (Op) nemee Position
agreement eceip Noun
air yinde Noun
all maji'át Quantity
almost azö'ak Quantity
along (plc) kejeroin Position
along (tim) lavinp Position
alongside (he) beten Position
alongside (ho) aveg Position
amidst inkec Position
among dral Position
amount kole Noun
amusement eáhá Noun
and von Conjunction
angle demenzon Noun
angry mot Adjective
animal anmol Noun
answer emeá Noun
ant en Noun
any xene Quantity
apparatus ekieba Noun
apple renyó Noun
approval eceip Noun
approximately zummien Position
arch ra^yn Noun
argument e'aga Noun
arm ayam Noun
army vórop Noun
around kára Position
art fieloo Noun
as zara Position
at xyó-xyóree Position
at xyun-xyunree Position
atop kilgex Position
attack exáka Noun
attempt mudu Noun
attention zañk Noun
attractions lolz Noun
authority imberá Noun
automatic tomiek Adjective
awake vazoi Adjective
baby onfonta Noun
back behin Noun
backward zuláp Position
bad bad Adjective
bag kuál Noun
balance doko Noun
ball val Noun
base zantá Noun
basin bol Noun
basket Noun
bath tab Noun
beautiful reid Adjective
because xyi-xyiree Conjunction
bed lea Noun
bee fun Noun
before siemmee Position
behaviour zdum Noun
behind eltan Position
belief ekyói Noun
bell reñ Noun
below táe Position
bent omo Adjective
berry vorez Noun
between inbete Position
beyond fánd Position
bird faral Noun
birth dóñgóra Noun
bite com Noun
bitter ties Adjective
black xem Adjective
blade kutóác Noun
blood láran Noun
blue lun Adjective
boat gozóán Noun
body tólep Noun
boiling o^yta Adjective
bone zdel Noun
book cód Noun
boot sua Noun
bottle tanu Noun
box koron Noun
boy dan Noun
brain són Noun
brake x^póz Noun
branch tonro Noun
brass braz Noun
bread yese Noun
breath ám Noun
brick bik Noun
bridge krozó Noun
bright heká Adjective
broken ventáñ Adjective
brother fapu Noun
brown brun Adjective
brush peok Noun
bucket duka Noun
building bildin Noun
burn efiyu Noun
business ziezden Noun
but/however avub Conjunction
butter budu Noun
button azenu Noun
by xyö-xyöree Position
cake baken Noun
camera bectóra Noun
card harabác Noun
care lukaf Noun
carriage dón Noun
cart vakil Noun
cat letó Noun
cause fim Noun
certain zat Adjective
chain lañká Noun
chalk riká Noun
chance áxle Noun
change kla^y Noun
cheap póda Adjective
cheese gapran Noun
chemical moikzam Adjective
chest Noun
chief men Adjective
chin kul Noun
church kabo^ym Noun
circle uraf Noun
clean zeeb Adjective
clear nin Adjective
clock tina Noun
cloth fla Noun
cloud nata Noun
coal áful Noun
coat layu Noun
cold fozon Adjective
collar ronbam Noun
colour dezba Noun
comb fazrid Noun
comfort reláx Noun
committee zunriz Noun
common joz Adjective
company kolekt Noun
comparisom ziká Noun
competition enemá Noun
complete dun Adjective
complex resikul Adjective
condition álbee Noun
connection zberee Noun
conscious nonax Adjective
control ovu Noun
cook nomnomá Noun
copper órun Noun
copy edádá Noun
cord yata Noun
cork zol Noun
cotton maluk Noun
cough butoo Noun
country nasun Noun
cover eku Noun
cow gez Noun
crack let Noun
credit munz Noun
crime fi'ee Noun
cruel zama Adjective
cry elañká Noun
cup rot Noun
curtain reib Noun
curve ra^yd Noun
cushion bello^y Noun
cut xóc Adjective
damage hut Noun
danger badá Noun
dark seit Adjective
daughter luma Noun
day don Noun
dead dóñgótáñ Adjective
dear vela Adjective
death huñgára Noun
debt tuhim Noun
decision kapá Noun
deep sókp Adjective
delicate lite Adjective
dependent zeton Adjective
design idea Noun
desire háde Noun
despite remön Position
destruction hyum Noun
detail teil Noun
development advan Noun
different noknók Adjective
digestion nomee Noun
direction yiyó Noun
dirty euka'ea Adjective
discovery e'ure Noun
discussion tal Noun
disease ielk Noun
disgust vomu Noun
distance beten Noun
distribution ara^d Noun
division sá'iñ Noun
dog átu Noun
door leve Noun
doubt unip Noun
down myóti Position
drain poo'a Noun
drawer ñaku Noun
dress ro^yban Noun
drink e'ámeá Noun
dry zut Adjective
during óramb Position
dust sac Noun
ear anel Noun
early mólók Adjective
earth tera Noun
east mus Adjective
edge lin Noun
education bood Noun
effect afta Noun
egg felidon Noun
elastic flañ Adjective
electric ektrek Adjective
end fifil Noun
engine roduza Noun
enough kabpa'át Quantity
equal maya Adjective
error roñ Noun
event elák Noun
every xeve Quantity
example eje Noun
except gyandee Position
exchange zolo^y Noun
existence ali Noun
expansion mák Noun
experience nif Noun
expert no^y'u Noun
eye ódó Noun
face sám Noun
fact narel Noun
fall eguf Noun
false darek Adjective
family kintá Noun
far ván Position
farm molka Noun
fat ontiel Adjective
father fátu Noun
fear sago Noun
feather yet Noun
feeble ám Adjective
feeling eviz Noun
female fama Adjective
fertile nutu Adjective
fiction rel Noun
field feld Noun
fight axe Noun
finger jiet Noun
fire biró Noun
first henc Adjective
fish luñku Noun
fixed takt Adjective
flag ta^yl Noun
flame piru Noun
flat ákanjel Adjective
flight Noun
floor butun Noun
flower flora Noun
fly bag Noun
fold ovu Noun
food san Noun
foolish bilee Adjective
foot gana Noun
force piegu Noun
force usu Noun
fork gasa Noun
forward zuyáp Position
fowl foli Noun
frame zet Noun
free ecapá Adjective
frequent usual Adjective
friend sóñ Noun
from bá;hali Position
front infron Noun
fruit prax Noun
full glu Adjective
future evand Adjective
garden bakág Noun
general baziek Adjective
girl klo^y Noun
glass mas Noun
glove kucoc Noun
goat coo Noun
gold Noun
good gud Adjective
government eviló Noun
grain mala Noun
grass ölanden Noun
great meu Adjective
green grun Adjective
grey/gray xi Adjective
grip hol Noun
group gapu Noun
growth elonlen Noun
guide zo^yza Noun
gun mazgat Noun
hair lurid Noun
hammer fumul Noun
hand coc Noun
happy Adjective
harbour fleba Noun
hard pac Adjective
harmony intiñ Noun
hat hes Noun
he leron;velo;lev Pronoun
head hivá Noun
healthy uátu Adjective
hearing bámópu Noun
heart kri Noun
heat ómp Noun
help eyalon Noun
here Yu ezyó Pronoun
high it Adjective
history bafó Noun
hole jele Noun
hollow ökos Adjective
hook beuz Noun
hope rodhá Noun
horn tabu;sót Noun
horse taleon Noun
hospital kelpadin Noun
house kacan Noun
how hyö Question
how much hyoc Question
humour láfá Noun
I áp;ác;ákp;ánc Pronoun
ice iz Noun
idea fak Noun
if zótó Conjunction
ill dáku Adjective
important embó Adjective
impulse min Noun
in(side) kajura Position
including godád Position
increase ema Noun
industry fakto Noun
ink riek Noun
insect mizkat Noun
instrument zoñk Noun
insurance ensu Noun
interest lumá Noun
invention baten Noun
iron undi Noun
island ikla Noun
it ót;ut;óp;up Pronoun
jelly obel Noun
jewel ubi Noun
join kones Noun
journey trib Noun
judge pinó Noun
jump e'u Noun
kettle bo^yt Noun
key lok Noun
kick elesi Noun
kind zuri Adjective
kiss tema Noun
knee batal Noun
knife zelá Noun
knot duñk Noun
knowledge bila Noun
land lant Noun
language lañgo Noun
last áncó Adjective
late tefó Adjective
laugh áháhá Noun
law nooton Noun
lead pád Noun
leaf fakol Noun
learning digenpu Noun
leather levu Noun
left kóm Adjective
leg olom Noun
letter ziñgu Noun
level zet Noun
library celfalon Noun
lift uburó Noun
light feita Noun
like ziman Position
limit akal Noun
line neá Noun
linen ielek Noun
lip ovubi Noun
liquid akon Noun
list zátak Noun
little eta'ak Quantity
living bieriet Adjective
lock kee Noun
long nóran Adjective
look eriló Noun
loose iefe Adjective
loss edunó Noun
loud mongral Adjective
love marad Noun
low o^yt Adjective
machine mekameka Noun
male huma Adjective
man ahem Noun
manager hedu Noun
map lunt Noun
mark tiká Noun
market lorieñg Noun
married anló Adjective
mass bátok Noun
material mantuk Adjective
meal numee Noun
measure ezdi Noun
meat lant Noun
medical livu Adjective
meeting zbiken Noun
memory remem Noun
metal metal Noun
middle medi Noun
military xaxáxien Adjective
milk gesara Noun
mind yini Noun
mine kökut Noun
mist logan Noun
mixed álya Adjective
money konap Noun
monkey hemnya Noun
month pakont Noun
moon luná Noun
morning ulei Noun
mother mátu Noun
motion mouyu Noun
mountain tóhep Noun
mouth batbit Noun
move ezevon Noun
much ota'ak Quantity
muscle ba^y'u Noun
music zuñg Noun
nail cob Noun
name xik Noun
narrow zin Adjective
nation nasum Noun
natural poxá Adjective
near fámu Position
necessary eedan Adjective
neck zaban Noun
need ata^y Noun
needle oin Noun
nerve vezel Noun
net tilá Noun
new talei Adjective
news nuvenp Noun
night seit Noun
no neita Other
noise bla Noun
none neita Quantity
nor zak Conjunction
normal nóm Adjective
north tós Adjective
nose ivá Noun
not nada Other
note kágá Noun
now Jum Pronoun
number ka^y Noun
nut vikin Noun
observation zit Noun
of odkol Position
off ge Position
offer bro^yz Noun
office mibo Noun
oil lekó Noun
old gan Adjective
on kil Position
one ót;ut;óp;up Pronoun
only tiek'át Quantity
open zañgátáñ Adjective
operation aken Noun
opinion pa Noun
opposite o^yvon Adjective
opposite bap Position
or sak Conjunction
orange obanyó Noun
order talen Noun
organization baniki Noun
ornament mantel Noun
other deveron Quantity
out(side) end Position
oven kukuk Noun
over bóra Position
owner höldu Noun
page zeksun Noun
pain x^sufu Noun
paint kores Noun
paper bác Noun
parallel zid Adjective
parcel reson Noun
part bet Noun
past fórend Adjective
past ciek Position
paste gul Noun
payment ekosá Noun
peace niz Noun
pen sarit Noun
pencil sóriet Noun
person hadri Noun
physical muzot Adjective
picture baktó Noun
pig Noun
pin zik Noun
pipe bina Noun
place ezyö Noun
plane kág Noun
plant lefei Noun
plate fatom Noun
play eseux Noun
please kakori Other
pleasure inucóz Noun
plough/plow cunu Noun
pocket inku Noun
point eda Noun
poison depá Noun
polish sinu Noun
political zórökep Adjective
poor mikón Adjective
position lóronp Noun
possible alnil Adjective
pot moc Noun
potato vaba Noun
powder baká Noun
power ganon Noun
present miland Adjective
price no^yvu Noun
print ebro Noun
prison emborak Noun
private ha'ót Adjective
probable laktó Adjective
process dondi Noun
produce eduvei Noun
profit inki Noun
property fuvan Noun
protest rali Noun
public bizunt Adjective
pull eápet Noun
pump cagacog Noun
punishment bunee Noun
purpose mand Noun
push eápod Noun
quality velbi Noun
question do^yyu Noun
quick zoma Adjective
quiet zep Adjective
quite zevon'ak Quantity
rail zóf Noun
rain aranfei Noun
rat bil Noun
rate rat Noun
ray beem Noun
reaction flex Noun
reading cótezpu Noun
ready lada Adjective
reason levanal Noun
receipt xein Noun
record tim Noun
red ren Adjective
regret ideod Noun
regular zembul Adjective
relation kindre Noun
religion kabgo^yt Noun
representative avaló Noun
request azal Noun
respect vakál Noun
responsible lasman Adjective
rest emeya Noun
reward bril Noun
rhythm bumta Noun
rice fira Noun
right klo Adjective
ring ukal Noun
river acó Noun
road rómen Noun
rod tiek Noun
roll atumbel Noun
roof vurol Noun
room box Noun
root ziñk Noun
rough zunda Adjective
round zuló Adjective
rub eseik Noun
rule Noun
run araga Noun
sad Adjective
safe fami Adjective
sail tap Noun
salt zand Noun
same aztantin Adjective
sand záñk Noun
school helta Noun
science invizta Noun
scissors zeelá Noun
screw bludo Noun
sea lun Noun
seat beiz Noun
second konc Adjective
secret lokun Adjective
secretary pakura Noun
seed tok Noun
selection akult Noun
sense alemea Noun
separate kalálóm Adjective
serious da^ynu Adjective
servant bloku Noun
sex meiza Noun
shade sid Noun
shake paku Noun
shame dizga Noun
sharp xarok Adjective
she ieron;filo;ief Pronoun
sheep malum Noun
shelf vádon Noun
ship kelz Noun
shirt toklaz Noun
shock mat Noun
shoe ganas Noun
short kali Adjective
shut kustáñ Adjective
side extoo Noun
sign imáj Noun
silk vun Noun
silver góti Noun
simple eezee Adjective
since jie Position
sister mapu Noun
size bige Noun
skin babu Noun
skirt minak Noun
sky harum Noun
sleep ducun Noun
slip bo^yri Noun
slope bóree Noun
slow zara Adjective
small velak Adjective
smash egofan Noun
smell durá Noun
smile unñee Noun
smoke fás Noun
smooth izda Adjective
snake lepu Noun
sneeze ivek Noun
snow feki Noun
so ik Conjunction
soap kyee Noun
society koltina Noun
sock fesul Noun
soft añán Adjective
solid mod Adjective
some meja'át Quantity
son zoma Noun
song ecant Noun
sorry vezo Other
sort tiepien Noun
sound blárá Noun
soup looked Noun
south lás Adjective
space areó Noun
spade selv Noun
special majiekol Adjective
sponge záj Noun
spoon debóáp Noun
spring bunz Noun
square árek Noun
stage bokud Noun
stamp boma Noun
star aztá Noun
start cát Noun
statement begal Noun
station moñgi Noun
steam vóteá Noun
steel zdel Noun
stem icka Noun
step zgeb Noun
stick ic Noun
sticky eká Adjective
stiff krake Adjective
stitch kulda Noun
stocking fals Noun
stomach jezdee Noun
stone donz Noun
stop ezod Noun
store lódin Noun
story tunu Noun
straight kyul Adjective
strange tron Adjective
street dinak Noun
stretch eloñ Noun
strong dondok Adjective
structure makultá Noun
substance telmáz Noun
such ezyuñk Quantity
sudden jok Adjective
sugar zuñg Noun
suggestion rezisun Noun
summer bilazon Noun
sun zolá Noun
support yálon Noun
surprise mat Noun
sweet areid Adjective
swim eló Noun
system konzo^ylu Noun
table tonka Noun
tail fá'o Noun
talk dyáñká Noun
tall rokól Adjective
taste berá Noun
tax go^ybei Noun
teaching zantiezpu Noun
test xam Noun
thanks xó máñkep Other
that Pronoun
the ec Other
then Jóm Pronoun
theory legazi Noun
there Yó ezyó Pronoun
these jup Pronoun
they veron;fieron Pronoun
thick ontiel Adjective
thin odkol Adjective
thing item Noun
this ju Pronoun
those jóp Pronoun
thought fód Noun
thread zilk Noun
throat tronz Noun
through vam Position
thumb bozabol Noun
thunder póna Noun
ticket dásund Noun
tight ket Adjective
time lavanj Noun
tin den Noun
tired tuna Adjective
to Position
to/for ze Position
toe dija Noun
together bopo^y Quantity
tomorrow donepak Other
tongue lek Noun
tooth dontal Noun
top zegex Noun
touch gárá Noun
toward Position
town ton Noun
trade izlá Noun
train trañ Noun
transport vekal Noun
tray dak Noun
tree cen Noun
trick gad Noun
trouble blen Noun
trousers kiten Noun
true korek Adjective
twist kroo Noun
umbrella ejkobral Noun
under zuráp Position
unit zienkulá Noun
unlike tura Position
until eif Position
up difu Position
use tanziel Noun
value yunep Noun
verse x^po^yet Noun
very maka'ak Quantity
vessel sieb Noun
view zea Noun
violent óndig Adjective
voice zeñga Noun
walk ega Noun
wall bok Noun
war xákanp Noun
warm tebed Adjective
wash fusa Noun
waste degá Noun
watch tekatoka Noun
water aran Noun
wave zolu Noun
wax gut Noun
way yöka Noun
we háp;hác;hákp;hánc Pronoun
weather leranj Noun
week dóra Noun
weight naton Noun
west uls Adjective
wet rein Adjective
what hyád Question
wheel ee Noun
when hyun Question
where hyó Question
while dura Conjunction
whip dand Noun
whistle woñga Noun
white rip Adjective
who hya Question
why hyi Question
wide zágó Adjective
wind indeá Noun
window gáz Noun
wine van Noun
wing leá Noun
winter metazon Noun
wire elk Noun
wise evgree Adjective
with/by xyád-xyádree Position
with/by xya-xyaree Position
within vom Position
woman afem Noun
wood vudá Noun
wool seef Noun
word kombóan Noun
work yóme Noun
worm epu Noun
wound xóp Noun
writing rietapu Noun
wrong bajo Adjective
year kel Noun
yellow yeló Adjective
yes cap Other
yesterday donemee Other
yet elt Conjunction
you móp;móc;nóp;nóc;nókp;bónc Pronoun
young talei Adjective

Below are the verbs in Adrian. They are shown as

Postive Case-Negative Case

or

Positive Case;Past Postive,Future Positive-Negative Case;Past Negative,Future Negative

accept kapoo-kapoora Verb
account rekál-rekálek Verb
achieve zuká-zukáron Verb
act láteñ-láteñó Verb
add ind;feind,veind-indez;feindez,veindez Verb
admit ánt-ántez Verb
affect fekt-fekta Verb
afford keitá-keitáron Verb
agree ceip-ceiparo Verb
aim akoot-akootá Verb
allow blantep-blanteparo Verb
answer meá-meáron Verb
appear riká-rikáron Verb
apply x^pleix^s-x^pleix^sun Verb
argue aga-agaran Verb
arrange áta-átaran Verb
arrive rival-rivalek Verb
ask ñyoka-ñyokaran Verb
attack xáka-xákaran Verb
avoid há-háron Verb
beat vabo-vabora Verb
begin zi-zira Verb
believe kyoi-kyoita Verb
belong elo-elora Verb
break ven-venó Verb
build vanó-vanóraz Verb
burn fiyu-fiyuraz Verb
buy kavá-kaváraz Verb
call bro^ypu-bro^ypuraz Verb
can ra-ranran Verb
care meizá-meizáraz Verb
carry ugá-ugáraz Verb
catch coki-cokiree Verb
cause boof-boofon Verb
change cei-ceipa Verb
check cak-cakaran Verb
choose cuna-cunaran Verb
claim áz-ázaran Verb
clean krem-kremó Verb
clear exó-exóraz Verb
climb u;afu,evu-uraz;afuraz,evuraz Verb
close kus-kusaran Verb
collect kolt-kolta Verb
come komen-komenó Verb
commit dop-dopez Verb
compare feváp;fóváp,eváp-fevápez;fóváz,eváz Verb
complain álo^y-áloz Verb
complete dalaz-dalaran Verb
concern yonda-yondaran Verb
confirm konzea-konzeita Verb
connect lañk-lañgu Verb
consider zigó-zigóraz Verb
consist enrá-enláraz Verb
contact cencu-cencuraz Verb
contain del-deluran Verb
continue x^stant-x^standu Verb
contribute entoo-entóron Verb
control cep-cepaz Verb
cook vejee-vejeetáe Verb
copy dádá-dádon Verb
correct ye;yó,yá-yun;yón,yán Verb
cost yónep-yónez Verb
count etekló-eteklóraz Verb
cover ku-kutun Verb
create vusá-vusáná Verb
cross ak-akult Verb
cry lañká;ráñká,eñka-lañkáraz;ráñkáraz,eñkaran Verb
cut vóran-vóranó Verb
damage hudon-hudonó Verb
dance donz;dónez,dánep-donzó;dónza,dánza Verb
deal dela-delaran Verb
decide iemuz-iemuraz Verb
deliver teiktoo-teikton Verb
demand amak-amakien Verb
deny unara-unaran Verb
depend hesá-hesáron Verb
describe pen-penó Verb
design dró-dró'u Verb
destroy xaran-xaranó Verb
develop embant-embanta Verb
die dóñgó-dóñgóraz Verb
disappear boo-boron Verb
discover ure;hyure,yóre-uraz;hyuraz,yóraz Verb
discuss de-dez Verb
divide ha'á;ya,yá-ha'áron;yan,yáron Verb
do batez-batep Verb
draw vakó-vakóraz Verb
dress basen-basenó Verb
drink eme-emeraz Verb
drive rabalab-rabalabalab Verb
drop fan-fanó Verb
eat irun-irunó Verb
enable ala^y-ala^yd Verb
encourage braveá-braveáraz Verb
enjoy fako^yl-fako^ylá Verb
examine kloza-klozaran Verb
exist beefi-beefi'á Verb
expect xebákt-xebáktá Verb
experience ák-ákan Verb
explain elem;olom,alam-elemó,olomá,alamu Verb
express brez-brepaz Verb
extend nóra-nóralan Verb
fail jo^yk-jo^yku Verb
fall guf-guvun Verb
fasten konnek-konnektu Verb
feed dulá-duláron Verb
feel viz;eviz,aviz-vizep;evizep,avizep Verb
fight xe-xeraz Verb
fill osahá-osaran Verb
find sala-salaran Verb
finish fi;fe,fina-fiya;feya,finayó Verb
fit zdiek-zdiekanó Verb
fly viká-vikág Verb
fold ciek-ciekien Verb
follow leda-ledaran Verb
force suvá-suváron Verb
forget unz-unzarep Verb
forgive mán-mánó Verb
form mels-melsu Verb
gain reirei-reinrein Verb
get capó-capóraz Verb
give glida-glidaran Verb
go zyö;zyó,zya-zyöra;zyóra,zyara Verb
grow lonlen;fónlen,vanlen-lonlenó;fónlenó,vanlenó Verb
handle byon-byonó Verb
happen láñ-láñó Verb
hate dañka;dañkó,dañga-dañkaran;dañkóran,dañgaran Verb
have rondó-rodóraz Verb
have vizun-vizunó Verb
hear bámó-bámóraz Verb
help yalon-yalonó Verb
hide enhez;omhez,añhez-enhec;omhec,añhec Verb
hit ze;zó,za-zep;zóp,zap Verb
hold greö-greöt Verb
hope vies-viesun Verb
hurt a^yree-a^yrean Verb
identify hoo-hooc Verb
imagine tedee;nedee,edee-tedetee;nedetee,edeteee Verb
improve embin-embinó Verb
include añgod-añgodaz Verb
increase ma-makie Verb
indicate andá-andáron Verb
influence enpo^yk-enpo^ykon Verb
inform töp-töpaz Verb
intend evón-evóñka Verb
introduce veve-vevevi Verb
invite bátei-bádeita Verb
involve unikee-unikeon Verb
join kex-kexó Verb
jump hub-huba Verb
keep tók-tóka Verb
kick lesi-lesiran Verb
kill hexi-hexiran Verb
knock nok-noka Verb
know han;hon,hin-hanó;honó,hinó Verb
laugh háhá;haha,heehee-háháno^y;hahano^y,heeheeno^y Verb
lay myótz-myótzen Verb
lead ledá-ledáron Verb
learn digen;tógen,tagen-digenó;tógenó,tagenó Verb
leave x^sótea-x^sóteita Verb
lend seikul;pákul,piekul-seikulan;pákulan,piekulan Verb
let blan-blanó Verb
lie fo^y-fo^y'ep Verb
like ke;kó,ka-keita;kóta,káta Verb
limit eekal-eekaló Verb
link leñk-leñka Verb
listen bámó-bámóraz Verb
live pez-peraz Verb
look riló-rilóraz Verb
lose dunó-dunóraz Verb
love mara-maran Verb
make yaten;yóten,yeten-yatenó,yótenó,yetenó Verb
manage ñó-ñóraz Verb
mark tád-táda Verb
matter embris-embrisó Verb
mean záluc-zálucó Verb
measure zdi-zdiraz Verb
meet karaca-karacaran Verb
mention ñezt-ñezda Verb
miss pral-praló Verb
move zevon;ózevon,azevon-zevonó;ózevó,azeva Verb
need ta^y-ta^y'u Verb
notice heróil-heróilek Verb
obtain gavá-gavaran Verb
occur láñ-láñó Verb
offer keltatz-keltadzá Verb
open zañgá-zañgáron Verb
order baló-balóraz Verb
own gas-gasó Verb
pass báz-báraz Verb
pay kosá-kosáron Verb
perform lákep-lákepó Verb
place x^set-x^setá Verb
plan kurac-kuracó Verb
play seuz;seóz,seáz-seiza;seizó,seizá Verb
point fieñg-fieñgá Verb
prefer mantyá-mantyáron Verb
prepare brieñ-brieñó Verb
present glien-glienó Verb
press duñk-duñká Verb
prevent zdólez-zdóleraz Verb
produce duvei-duveitá Verb
promise zek-zeká Verb
protect seld-seldá Verb
prove bya-byá Verb
provide lira-liralan Verb
publish krenp-krenpá Verb
pull ápet;fápet,evápet-ápetó;fápetó,evápetó Verb
push ápod;fápod,evápod-ápodó;fápodó,evápodó Verb
put yaz;fyóz,evyaz-yazen;fyózen,evyazen Verb
raise ula-ularan Verb
reach trañ-trañó Verb
read cótez-cóteraz Verb
realize relz-relraz Verb
receive glom-glomó Verb
recognize matu-maturaz Verb
record zieñg-zieñgá Verb
reduce mináp-mináraz Verb
refer extán-extánó Verb
reflect kabwieñg-kabwieñgá Verb
refuse neidan-neidanó Verb
regard hafc-hafcá Verb
relate nol-nolan Verb
release broma-bromaran Verb
remain zdei-zdeita Verb
remember memya-memyaran Verb
remove mitáp-mitáraz Verb
repeat leilei-leileita Verb
replace x^sex^set-x^sex^setá Verb
reply reblee-rebleita Verb
report rekál-rekálek Verb
represent való-valóraz Verb
require eztá-eztáraz Verb
rest meya;afmeya,avmeya-meyaran;afmeyaran,avmeyaran Verb
result antó-antóraz Verb
return gapa-gaparan Verb
reveal berop-beropá Verb
ring teñg-teñgá Verb
rise leftá-leftáraz Verb
roll tumbel-tumbeló Verb
run haraga-haragana Verb
save seip-seipó Verb
say x^pálei-x^páleita Verb
see ódóm;fódóm,evódóm-ódam;fódam,evódam Verb
seem zee-zeita Verb
sell lórin;flórin,vlórin-lórinó;flórinó,vlórinó Verb
send flán-flánó Verb
separate di-dina Verb
serve kyuzeen-kyuzeenó Verb
set em-emó Verb
settle dezika-dezikaran Verb
shake mazamaza-mazamazaran Verb
share mák-máká Verb
shoot lónc-lóncá Verb
shout pasan-pasanó Verb
show gátu-gáturaz Verb
shut kus-kusaran Verb
sing cant;dácant,iecant-canpo^y;dácanpo^y,iecanpo^y Verb
sit metz;fáez,fóz-metzó;fáezó,fozó Verb
sleep tren-trenó Verb
smile sól-sólek Verb
sort zó-zótu Verb
sound uz-uzá Verb
speak xaren;faren,bezaren-xarenó;farenó,zbarenó Verb
stand kuroil-kuroilek Verb
start eca;fóca,eváca-ecaran;fócaran,evácaran Verb
state bazá-bazáron Verb
stay ten-tenó Verb
stick glav-glavó Verb
stop zod;vod,vad-zodá;vodá,vádá Verb
study xektóree;xóvektóree,xavaktóree-xektóreita;xóvektóreita,xavaktóreita Verb
succeed yien-yienó Verb
suffer hudien-hudienó Verb
suggest mezien-mezienó Verb
supply joogulz-joogulzá Verb
support garop-garopaz Verb
suppose arok-aroká Verb
survive lepó Verb
take peft-peftá Verb
talk dyañka-dyañká Verb
teach zantiez-zantiezó Verb
tell konkód-konkódá Verb
tend sóteu-sótean Verb
test tat-tatá Verb
thank xó-xóraz Verb
think no^y;óñko^y,áñko^y-no^y'a;óñko^y'a,áñko^y'a Verb
throw brom-bromó Verb
touch bok-boká Verb
train bigeá-bigeáñk Verb
travel vóyáz-vóyáraz Verb
treat señk-señká Verb
try di;dó,dá-diran,dóron,dáron Verb
turn kuv-kuvá Verb
understand komuñg-komuñgá Verb
use tenziel-tenzielek Verb
visit pamá-pamáron Verb
vote tumez-tumeraz Verb
wait tiektok;tiekó,tieka-tiektokieñ;tiekóñ,tiekañ Verb
walk ga-garan Verb
want galen;kálen,gálen-galenó;kálenó,gálenó Verb
warn deilenj-deilenjá Verb
wash seló-selóraz Verb
watch vóbo-vóboran Verb
wear ro^yba;fo^yta,vo^yda-ro^ybaran;fo^yton,vo^ydafo^yn Verb
win vaktóri;fóktóri,evakóri-vaktórán;fóktórán,evakórán Verb
wish be'a;fe'a,me'a-beraz;feraz,meraz Verb
wonder driept;friept,vriept-drieptá;frieptá,vrieptá Verb
work yome;yame,yöme-yomeita;yameita,yömeita Verb
worry vá-váraz Verb
write rieta;frieta,verieta-rietaran;farietaran,evarietaran Verb

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