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Adwan/Irregular Verbs

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Irregular verbs, though not as abundant as they are in other languages such as English, are quite common amongst importat, common vowels in Adwan. Irregular verbs pose problems in Adwan, for while some are merely person-conjugation changes and keep regular verb affixes, others completely alter them.

The consistency between irregular verbs is not very good, as many of them differ in the typs of irregularities.

To Be - ÞuðanEdit

The verb "þuðan" in Adwan is among the most irregular verbs in Adwan. The verb to be governs the accusative. The participle root, rather than þuðan, is Þi-. The participle used below is masculine singular.

infinitive þuðan
gerund þuðanöð
participle þiego
progressive goran þiego
Active voice singular plural
first second third first second third
indicative present það éð / þus þyð þulað scech / þusc þyla
past þera þwess þidha þurla þurli þyrta
future þertéi þuriá þyrtí þurnáu þurviú þuriín
subjunctive present þedha þiuss þiða þauł þiusci þyłma
past þégca þwysc þiva þaghúł þiuva þnyða
future þresgta þúridha þyfca þiełcau þiuða þiðucðna
conditional present þassað þuzyð þywa þausył þvuscy þyłta
past þerssað þuzgvað þyswa þaryłás þiuvyð þyvtas
imperative affirmative -- þuðu þalcðu þusgtvu --
negative -- þutaðu þaltacðu þusgtatvu --

Éð and scech are used when a verbal phrase contains pronouns, while þus and þuš are used in pro-dropping situations.

To Do - GoranEdit

infinitive goran
gerund gorandgy
participle goreigo
progressive goran goreigo
passive þuðan goreigo
Active voice singular plural
first second third first second third
indicative present gor go oghe gorna iuvou aghech
past ourí öráy agí aurcðí ufóð agích
future ornéð ouðá eghý aufágh ouðavu eghých
subjunctive present cir ci igha cirne iövidhö ighach
past idhöry ureidhy egý edhörcðý öfíð egých
future irnáð idhöðé aghí idhöfégh idhöðevö aghích
conditional present cyr cvy ygha cyrne iövydhö yghach
past cönn cnöry cöna cönnty cnorssty cönach
imperative affirmative -- iova
-- ovmau
övemcg
--
negative -- ovásc ta
-- ovmáu ta
övémcg ta
--

To Go - TanEdit

infinitive tan
gerund tavyn (nom. sg), roo: tavn-
participle cgego
progressive goran cgego
passive þuðan cgego
Active voice singular plural
first second third first second third
indicative present tas tus te taus tiusc tyła
past tasié tussés tełú tascieun tiuscoun tíłynin
future taréy tuséy tenéy tauserá touvienú týłiney
subjunctive present tasa tusyt test taghust tighust tyłta
past ċasa cguty styty ċausca cgencu dgyma
future ċasá cgutý stytý ċauscá cgencú dgymá
conditional present tysa tysu tysse tyzau tyzusc tyzył
past tidhas tidhus tidhys tizcau tizcusc tizcył
imperative affirmative -- cgy
-- cgou
cgeusc
--
negative -- cgy ta
-- cgou ta
cgeusc ta
--

Essentially, the past and the future tense in the subjunctive are the same, differentiating between tenses by the use of stress.

To Have - ÞuranEdit

The verb Þuran, or to have, is also irregular in conjugation. The participle root is þr-.

infinitive þuran
gerund að þernenc
participle þrago
progressive goran þrago
passive þuðan þrago
Active voice singular plural
first second third first second third
indicative present þar þru þynn þrau þrun þnyr
past þaisc þeuð þyva þamur þirösk þirym
future þrey þurás þyrnéy þaumí þörísgc þyftí
subjunctive present þragha þruina þyssas þrassu þrissö þnyssi
past þrauva þreuva þyvna þraussa þirssa þirvössk
future þrautá þreutá þrytá þrautáss þreutáss þrychtáss
conditional present þysar þrysu þysynn þrysau þrysun þnysyr
past þystárt þrystúð þystýnc þystráur þrystúnð þnystyrc
imperative affirmative -- þiurör
-- þauröy
þrösc
--
negative -- þiurtta
-- þaurtta
þrösgta
--

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