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Aelatha/Syntax

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Syntax Edit

Sentence structure Edit

Despite its many cases, Aelatha's word order is most often unchangeable. The meaning of the sentence is often dependent upon the order of the words. Words out of order often change the meaning of the sentence, if not the grammatical correctness.

Sentence structure
Modal Manner Place Dependent Clause Object Subject Verb Tempus Time

Modifier order Edit

Nouns taking the semblative case are modifiers. Modifiers are placed before the word they modify unless that word is in one of the possessed cases. In such a case the modifier is placed at the end of the genitive phrase. Genitive nouns receive modifiers at the head, alike other nouns.

"asjaddissuþ aellath" "asjammiþ addis aþusþu asjallaþ"
"community-SEMB speech-VOC" "beauty-SEMB woman-GEN.VOC her daughter-POSS.VOC speech-SEMB
« "Standard dialect" » (aelsjonoþ) « "The beautiful woman's talkative daughter" » (aelsjonoþ)


"Afiattiandriano asjaporradäir anjex aello acereþ asjalliþ."
"Teacher-SOC foreignness-SEMB student-GEN.VOC speech-POSS.VOC progression of time-VOC flowery language-SEMB."
« "The foreign student is speaking fluently to the teacher." » (aelsjonoþ)

Clause order Edit

In Aelatha, an independent clause is defined as the sentence's main clause or as any phrase, incomplete or complete, that contains a tempus. Dependent clauses are clauses that do not have a vocative noun or those that have a vocative noun but are working to further modify the main clause (such as a clause that is functioning to supply the indirect object of the main verb).

Modals are considered dependent clauses in Aelatha. Dependent clauses are placed after the modal, place and time distinctions and before the object subject and verb of the main clause as the independent clause contains the topical time marker, which is preferred in second position, followed by any other independent clauses. The time distinction, coming after the tempus, is treated like a modifier as part of the verbal phrase.


"Ajanibel, aliäeaddissyj anemunu aveðieþ."
"properness-MOD marketplace-SUBL (my) walking-POSS.VOC this day-VOC."
« "I want to go to the store today." » (aelvuþ)


Independent clauses are separated by the placement of a semicolon after them and dependent clauses by the use of a comma. The manner and place distinctions are grouped with the prepositional phrase and the three together form one dependent clause.


"Amnäiaprogho aþerh avonu aeþ asjafsofëþ; atrafibjattis, amnyavyvja avonu arhidheþ."
"Culprit-ILL I-GEN.VOC sight-POSS.VOC temporary.time-VOC lack.of.time-SEMB; crime.scene-INE, victim-ILL (my).sight-POSS.VOC yesterday-VOC."
« "I did not see the culprit(;) at the scene of the crime(,) though I saw the victim." » (aelvuþ)

See also Edit

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