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Ahoreni

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The creator of Ahoreni, Olive11224, has put this Conlang on hiatus.
Dumping Chinese on Finnish does not a language make.


Oheooreoni
오흐러니
Type Agglutinative
Alignment Nominative - Accusative
Head direction Head Final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 1%
Statistics
Nouns 4%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words 10 of 1500
Creator Olive11224

General InformationEdit

Ahoreni (Honze: 魂语,Oheureoze: 오흐러니 IPA: /oxrɤni/) is an agglutinative language spoken around the Changbai mountains. It is considered stable, with a population of about ~2,275,000 speakers. The language is vastly innovative, with much assimilation from middle Chinese and Korean.


The Ahoro PeopleEdit

The Ahoro people have historically occupied much territory, from Primorsky Krai to Shandong. 

Since the formation of North Korea, it is likely that the population in North Korea has assimilated with North Korean culture and philosophy. Thus, the population may no longer speak Ahoreni.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Non phonemic consonants and vowels are in brackets.

Bilabial Alveolar Alveolo-Palatal Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive unaspirated p t
aspirated

Fricative

s ɕ x
Affricate unaspirated ts
aspirated tsʰ tɕʰ
Tap ɾ
Approximant l j, ɥ
  • Coda nasals differs depending on the initial consonant of the next syllable.
    • Before bilabial consonants: /m/
    • Before coronal consonants, glottal consonants, and if the consonant is absent : /n/
    • Before velar consonants: /ŋ/

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Back
Close i, y ɯ, u
Near-close
Close-mid e o, ɤ
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open a
  • Ahoreni does not employ phonemic vowel or consonant length.

Vowel ClustersEdit

In Ahoreni, many vowel clusters may consist of a Pure Vowel/Diphthong and a glide.

Main Vowel Dim. Vowel Glides
Ø j w ɥ
a Ø a ja wa ɥa
ɪ jaɪ waɪ
ʊ jaʊ waʊ

ɤ

Ø ɤ
i Ø i wi
o Ø o jo wo ɥo
e Ø e je we ɥɪ
u Ø u ju
y Ø y
ɯ Ø ɯ
  • /ɥ/ may only succeed an Alveolo-Palatal consonant.
  • Bilabial consonant can not occur before /ɥ/ or /w/.

This is a list showing the possible vowel-final combinations.

Vowel Final
n m ŋ
a [an] [am] [ɑŋ~oŋ]
i [in] [im] [iŋ]
e [e] [em] [eŋ]
ɤ [ən] [ɤm] [ɤŋ]
o [on] [om] [oŋ]
u [un] [um] [uŋ]
y [yn] [ym] [yŋ]
ɯ [n̩] [m̩] [ŋ̍]


Phonotactics

  •  The language's main syllable structure is (C)(C)(v)V(v)(C)(C)
    • Due to Chinese influence, consonant clusters have been mis-analysed as a resultant of vowel dropping.

Writing SystemEdit

This language usually uses the Korean alphabet.

GrammarEdit

The language is SOV. Ahoreni is traditionally suffixing.

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Nouns No Yes No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes No No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


Noun PhrasesEdit

PostpositionsEdit

Hwayi uses postpositional particles to mark grammatical features such as cases, locative, and spatial relations.


Use                       Particle                       

Subjective

Ø
Topical gwa

Accusative

jin

Dative-Instrumental

ye

Genitive

ze

Vocative

o

Subessive

hio

Superessive

osli

Inessive

pahr

Exessive

moo

Ablative

son

Lative

beun

Ahoreni also uses postpositions to show spatial relations.


DemonstrativesEdit

Ahoreni has a three-way distinction between demonstratives, similar to the Northern Sami languages. (Proximal, Mesioproximal, Mesiodistal and Distal.)

Demonstrative Definition

English Equivalent

Sweo Proximal This
Nani

Medial

That (near you)
Jan Distal That (far away)

ClassifiersEdit

Classifiers, or counter words, work similarly to Chinese, and must be bound to a noun if one were to describe number or definiteness. Here is a list of the classifiers which are commonly used.

Pronunciation Example
Yiuk ~~

NumbersEdit

English Sino-Xenic Traditional
One Yet Yuci
Two Nye Za
Three Som Twe
Four Sye Knai
Five Ngo Liu
Six Leuk Co
Seven Cyet Sba
Eight Pet Hai
Nine Geu Nwa
Ten Jep Dos
Hundred Pek Ung
Thousand Cen ~
Ten Thousand Man Sha
Million ~ Eotweo
Hundred Million Ek Qo
Billion ~ Pyiun
Trillion Jo Mau

Numbers

Pronouns Edit

Formal pronouns usually descend from words of Chinese origin. The first person formal pronouns are formed from a first person formal pronoun and the suffix -yaowa (lit. under). Informal pronouns are usually native in origin.


Reflexives Reflexives are formed by attaching the suffix -ki to the respective pronoun.

VerbsEdit

The verb system of Ahoreni is somewhat complex. The suffix taken usually depends on the vowels of the stem.

There are no adjectives in Ahoreni. Rather, there is an attributive form of verbs which may be used as an adjective.

The formal form is a variation of -dek (from Chinese 的), while the informal form is a variation of -eunt.

Mood Polarity Aspect Tense
-
indicative
-
affirmative
-
simple
-
present
-keon, ken-
conditional
-abe, bi-
negative
-zeon, zen-
progressive
-can-
past
-kyo, ki-
jussive
-wan-
perfective
-ho, hyu-
future
-hwa-
imperative
-han-
inchoative
-yi, eu-
inferential
-jiu, du-
subjunctive

-kywai, kwau-epistemic

MoodEdit

  1. Indicative - States a fact witnessed by the speaker, in some direct form. -"I feel/hear/see/etc. him running"
  2. Conditional - Indicates that an action depends on another event -"If the motion of his legs is propelling him forward, he is running"
  3. Jussive - Indicates a desire -"I want to run"
  4. Imperative - Indicates a command -"You must run"
  5. Inferrential - Indicates a fact not witnessed directly by the speaker. -"John Doe told me he was running"
  6. Subjunctive - Indicates a thought -"I am thinking that he is running"
  7. Epistemic- Indicates a statement deemed possible

AspectEdit

ParticlesEdit

The particle "ie" is used to form yes/no questions.

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example text Edit

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.  

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