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Ailak

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PhonologyEdit

PhonotacticsEdit

Basic GrammarEdit

Sentence StructureEdit

Sentence structure generally follows the following structure:

  • "ELAM" + SUBJECT(s) + "EITAV" + INDIRECT OBJECT(s) + DIRECT OBJECT(s) + "KANU"/ "KAINA"/ "AHMAN" + VERB + PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE(S)
    • "ELAM" and "EITAV" mean "FROM" and "AT" respectively. These are only used if the subject and indirect object are both present in the sentence.
    • "KANU" "KAINA" and "AHMAN" Mean "HE" "SHE" and "IT" respectively. This refers to the subject and can be omitted if the subject is directly before the verb.
      • If there are multiple subjects, use "KANUN"/ "KAINAN"/ "EIL"
        • "KANUN" is masculine and plural, "KAINAN" is feminine plural "EIL" is gender-neutral and plural (like "they") although "KANUN" can be used the same as "EIL"
          • "The man and the woman exchanged their presents" becomes "The man and the woman their presents they (KANUN or EIL) exchange."
        • If there is only one subject, even if it is plural, use "KANU"/ "KAINA"/ "EIL"
          • NOTE: In this situation, the verb is still conjugated as a plural even though the reference pronoun is singular.
          • "The brothers exchanges their presents" becomes "The brothers their presents he (KANU) exchange", not "The brothers their presents they exchange".
    • Modifiers are placed before the words the modify.
    • Prepositional phrases are structured modifier+object+preposition
      • "Beyond the city" becomes "The city beyond"

VerbsEdit

ConjugationEdit

Every verb in Ailak has a "stem" which is modified. The stem alone serves as the verb in infinitive form.

Conjugation of Verb Stems
Singular Plural
1st person stem + "i"

stem + "as"

stem + "asi"

2nd person stem + "u" stem + "asu"
3rd person stem + "eil"

stem + "asal"

  • The "-AS" and "-ASI" endings differ in that "-AS" means "WE" as in "you and I" while "-ASI" means "WE" as in "you, they, and I" or "they and I"
  • Example:


Example conjugation- EHLAL (TO BE)
Ehlali

Ehlalas

Ehlalasi

Ehlalu Ehlalasu
Ehlaleil Ehlalasal







TenseEdit

Simple tense verbs (such as JUMPED, JUMP(s), and WILL JUMP) is determined by one of three prefixes, which are separating from the conjugated verb by a space.

  • Past-Use the preffix "IN"
    • Past (Uncertain/Theoretical) - If the past action is not being expressed as a certainty, use "INMAN"
  • Present-No preffix is used
    • If this is uncertain, use the preffix "NAN"
  • Future - Use the preffix "IM"
    • Future (Uncertain/Theoretical) - If the future action is not being represented as a certainty, use "IHMAN"

Progressive tense verbs (such as WAS JUMPING, IS JUMPING, and WILL BE JUMPING) use the same five prefixes as verbs in simple tense, but instead of using a conjugated verb, a verb in jerund form (verb stem + "AT") is used.

Perfect tense verbs (such as HAD JUMPED, HAVE/HAS JUMPED, and WILL HAVE JUMPED) also use the same five five preffixes as verbs in simple tense, but instead of using a verb in past tense, the suffix "AHM" is added to the end of the stem (stem+"AM").

Present Progressive tense verbs (such as HAVE BEEN JUMPING, HAVE/HAS BEEN JUMPING, and WILL HAVE BEEN JUMPING) do not exist in Ailak. Perfect tense are most often used instead.

ReflexiveEdit

Reflexive verbs take the place of a pronouns referring to indirect objects (i.e. "ME," "YOU," "HIM," "HER," "US," and "THEM")

Reflexive Verb Suffixes
Singular Plural
1st person Conjugated verb + "-elil"

Conjugated verb + "eilil"


Conjugated verb + "eilai"

2nd person Conjugated verb + "-elat" Conjugated verb + "eilat"
3rd person Conjugated verb + "-elim" Conjugated verb + "eilim"
  • The "-EILIL" and "-EILEI" endings differ in that "-EILIL" means "WE" as in "you and me" while "-EILAI" means "WE" as in "me, you, and them" or "me and them".
  • If the conjugated verb ends with a vowel, add a "KH" to the between the conjugated word and the reflexive pronoun if the pronoun is "-ELIL," "-EILIL," "-EILAI," "-EILAT," or "-EILIM". If the pronoun is "-ELAT" or "-ELIM" and the conjugated verb ends with a vowel, add "Y" between the verb and the reflexive pronoun.
  • Examples:
    • "He is me" becomes "Ehlaleilelil"

DictionaryEdit

Verbs

Example textEdit

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