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Ajujan

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Ajujan is the language spoken by the people of Ajuja, which is a continent on a distant planet called Egonathia. The following is an overview of the Yudoga dialect of Ajujan.

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Name: Ajujan

Type:

Alignment:

Head Direction:

Number of genders: none

Declensions: No

Conjugations: No

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


SettingEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

I'm not really familiar with the IPA stuff...so I'll just guess where these letters go on this chart thing.

The consonants are: n, p, ch, sh, k, t, y, l, m, h, w--all pronounced like in English

The vowels are: a, e, i, o, u--pronounced like in Sindarin, but the e is pronounced like in 'bed'



Bilabial Labiode. Dental Alveol. Postalve. Retrofl. Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyn. Epiglot. Glottal
Plosives
Affricates
Fricatives
Lateral Fricatives
Lateral Affricates
Nasals
Trills
Flaps / taps
Glides Approxim.
Lateral Appr.
Co-art. approx.

VowelsEdit

Front Near front Central Near back Back
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid e u
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

PhonotacticsEdit

Vowel clusters: ae, ai, ea, ia, ie, io, oa, ua, ue, uo. When vowels are clustered, never pronounce them as one sound; the sounds are always distinct. Ex: ae would not be pronounced as English 'hey', but as ah-eh. There are tiny glottal stops between vowels.

Consonants are almost always attached to a vowel. The sounds are na, ne, ni, no, nu, pa, pe, pi, cha, che, sha, she, shi, ka, ke, ki, ko, ku, ta, te, ti, to, tu, ya, ye, yo, yu, la, le, ma, me, mi, mo, mu, ha, he, hi, ho, hu, wa, we, wi, wo.

There are also a few cases where consonants cluster: shta, ly, kt, chni



Basic GrammarEdit

Ajujan is "grammar-coded"--you can tell what part each words plays in a sentence from the particles (little words that don't mean anything).

SUBJECT--kte OBJECT--ke

To make a word plural in Ajujan, add -sh or -a to the end of the noun, depending on if the word ends in a vowel or not.

To show when the action takes place, the verb tense (time) is changed by putting these endings on the verb roots:

    Present tense: -a'ie
    Past Tense: -e
    Future Tense: -o

Birds caught insects: Kahash kte mate isha ke.

A bird is catching an insect: Kaha kte mata'ie ish ke.

In Ajujan, things have no gender. There is only one word for "the", no matter of the word is singular or plural, object or subject: Ne. There is no indefinite article in Ajujan.

Word order is flexible because of particles. So "Man catches fish" could be "Yashe kte mata'ie shta'e ke" "Shta'e ke mata'ie yashe kte" etc...

To change a word that infers a male to a word that infers a female, add -ena to the end of the word.

    boy-->girl        yake-->yakena
    father-->mother        yande-->yandena
    son-->daughter        yashe-->yashena
    brother-->sister        yame-->yamena

Numbers:

1-shi

2-ya

3-to

4-han

5-tae

6-kahe

7-duma

8-dume

9-ki

10-lo

11-loshi

20-yalo

21-yaloshi

100-sha

1000-she

once--shica

twice--yaca

thrice--toca


ni- prefixed to a word means "the opposite of". Ex: beautiful--omena---->ugly--ni'omena

shnie'elo (a separate word) makes the sentence negative--it didn't happen, it isn't happening, or it won't happen.

    mata'ie shnie'elo--isn't catching


PRONOUNS

I--ni we--nish

you--ia you (plural)--iash

he/she/it--ae they--yae

All conjugations of the verb "to be" are the same for all pronouns: a.

Ni a--I am

Nish a--we are

Ae a--he/she/it is

POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

my--niye our--nishe

your--iya'e

his/hers/its--ua'e their--uya'e


To make an adjective an adverb, add the suffix -ke.


DictionaryEdit

&nbsp


No. English Ajujan
1Ini
2you (singular)ia
3heae
4wenish
5you (plural)iash
6theyyae
7thisle
8thattuwa
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16notshnie'elo
17allkiwa
18manyke'ya
19someakiwa
20few
21other
22oneshi
23twoya
24threeto
25fourhan
26fivetae
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36womanyashena
37man (adult male)yashe
38man (human being)
39childyasheche
40wife
41husband
42motheryandena
43fatheryande
44animal
45fishshta'e
46birdkaha
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sunkashte'ya
148moonnikashte'ya
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202ineksha
203withshi
204andya
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

The sun shines. Ne kashte’ya chata’ie.

The sun shone. Ne kashte’ya chate.

The sun is shining again. Ne kashte’ya chata’ie kacha’e.

The sun will shine tomorrow. Ne kashte’ya chato mashi.

The sun shines brightly. Ne kashte’ya chata’ie o’yateke.

The bright sun shines. Ne o’yate kashte’ya chata’ie.

The sun is rising now. Ne kashte’ya mecha’ie washte.

The sun is not shining. Ne kashte’ya chata’ie shnie’elo.

The sun did not shine. Ne kashte’ya chate shnie’elo.

The sun is not shining again. Ne kashte’ya chata’ie kacha’e shnie’elo.

The sun will not shine tomorrow. Ne kashte’ya chato mashi shnie’elo.

The sun does not shine brightly. Ne kashte’ya chata’ie o’yateke shnie’elo.

The bright sun does not shine. Ne o’yate kashte’ya chata’ie shnie’elo.

The sun is setting now. Ne kashte’ya mecha’ie washte.

The dark sun does not shine. Ne ni’o’yate kashte’ya chata’ie shnie’elo.

All of the people shouted. Kiwa che ne kadesh shinte.

Some of the people shouted. Akiwa che ne kadesh shinte.

Many of the people shouted twice. Ke’ya che ne kadesh shinte yaca.

Happy people often shout. Maka kadesh kasha shinta’ie.

The kitten jumped up. Ne kihache chashe ma.

The kitten jumped onto the table. Ne kihache chashe akanekta ne keshta.

My little kitten walked away. Niye goho kihache deshe yuche. &nbsp


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name

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