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Akutirolis

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Name: Akaltirolis

Type: Fusional semi-agglutinative language

Alignment: Nominative-Accusative

Head Direction: Initial

Number of genders: Yes

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Classification and DialectsEdit

Akutirolis is a language spoken in northern Italy, western Austria, and is somewhat related to the Gaulish languages in the conjugations and declensions, although it is largely unrelated in vocabulary.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal
Plosive
Fricative
Affricate
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High
Near-high
High-mid
Mid
Low-mid
Near-low
Low

PhonotacticsEdit

Writing SystemEdit

Letter A B C D E S M P R H Ch W
Sound Ts Greek chi, or German ch
Letter V T Z Tsh Sh I F G K O U Gh
Sound Ch hard chi
Letter L N
Sound

Grammar (Akatirolis)Edit

NounsEdit

Nouns are declined according to case, gender, and number. There are five cases: Nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and ablative; three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter; and two numbers: singular and plural. They are very easy to distinguish as in the nominative and ablative cases, they start and end with a vowel, while for the other three, they start with a vowel and end in a consonant.

All masculine nouns either have a k-stem, and r-stem, an m-stem or a d-stem. Feminine nouns all either have an l-stem, a w-stem or an s-stem. Neuter nouns either have an h-stem, a j-stem, an n-stem or a c-stem.

The endings are all the same.

Singular Plural
Nominative ~ -n~
Genitive -s -n~s
Dative -b -b~
Accusative -n -n~n
Ablative -i -n~

i

Here three examples-one per gender:

k-stem l-stem c-stem
1 Aku Akuna Ale Alenu Aci Acine
2 Akus Akunas Ales Alenus Acis Acines
3 Akub Akuba Aleb Alebu Acib Acibe
4 Akun Akunan Alen Alenun Acin Acinen
5 Akui Akunai Alei Alenui Acii Acinei

VerbsEdit

Verbs all start with a consonant and end with a "t" in the infinitive, but in all indicative cases, they end in vowels.

The following example is using the verb "to have", which is banut in Tyrolese (with the stress on the last syllable).

Indicative Present Past Pluperfect Future Future Perfect
1st Person binu binru banu banru benu benru bonu bonru bunu bunru
2nd Person binlu binnu banlu bannu benlu bennu bonlu bonnu bunlu bunnu
3rd Person bintu binsu bantu bansu bentu bensu bontu bonsu buntu bunsu
Imperative Subjunctive
1. banú banrú banau banrau
2. banlú bannú banlau bannau
3. bantú bansú bantau bansau

SyntaxEdit

Word syntax is quite simple: the root of a noun or of an adjective is followed by the root of a verb, whereas the root of an object precedes the root of a verb. The root of an adjective follows the root of the noun. The root of an adverb is followed by the root of a verb. Prepositions precede the nouns they describe.

Sentence syntax is just as simple: subject+object+verb.

LexiconEdit

Nouns
Root: ac, ca ec, ic, oc, uc,
aca love eca ica oca uca
ace passion, devotion ece ice oce uce
aci lust, cupidity eci ici oci uci
aco infatuation eco ico oco uco
acu kiss, bliss ecu icu ocu ucu
Root: ad, de ed, id, od, ud,
ada wood eda ida oda uda
ade tree ede ide ode ude
adi stick edi idi odi udi
ado branch edo ido odo udo
adu lumber edu idu odu udu
Root: as, su es, se is, os, us,
asa brook esa ocean isa gulf osa usa
ase creek ese sea ise lagoon ose use
asi stream esi bay isi lake osi usi
aso river eso harbour iso pond oso uso
asu water esu cove isu pool osu usu
Root: am, me em, im, om, um,
ama salt ema ima oma uma
ame spice eme ime ome ume
ami zest emi imi omi umi
amo brine emo imo omo umo
amu herb emu imu omu umu
Root: ar, ro er, ir, or, ur,
ara leaf era ira ora ura
are flower ere ire ore ure
ari stem eri iri ori uri
aro plant ero iro oro uro
aru root eru iru oru uru
Root: ah, he eh, ih, he oh, uh,
aha leg eha stomach iha eye oha hand uha bone
ahe body ehe ribs ihe face ohe finger uhe lung
ahi arm ehi chest ihi nose ohi nail uhi heart
aho front eho breast iho ear oho toe uho brain
ahu back ehu diaphragm ihu mouth ohu foot uhu testicle
Root: aw, we ew, iw, ow, uw,
awa ewa iwa owa uwa
awe ewe iwe owe uwe
awi ewi iwi owi uwi
awo ewo iwo owo uwo
awu ewu iwu owu uwu
Root: ak, ke ek, ka ik, ki ok, ka uk, ka
aka sound eka grammar ika phonotactics oka alphabet uka vocabulary
ake speech eke syntax ike pronunciation oke letter uke terminology
aki writing eki declension iki phonology oki vowel uki jargon
ako tongue, dialect eko conjugation iko accent oko character uko slang, colloquialism
aku language eku inflection iku syllable oku consonant uku vernacular
Root: al, le el, il, ol, ul, le
ala people, nation, tribe ela cliff ila canyon ola mountain ula ridge
ale land, country ele bluff ile gorge ole mount ule hill
ali possession, property eli precipice ili valley oli peak, summit, pinnacle, alp uli dune
alo province, territory elo escarpment ilo vale, dale olo cordillera, range ulo knoll
alu region, state elu ledge ilu glen olu volcano ulu mound
Root: an, ni en, in, on, un,
ana ena ina ona una
ane ene ine one une
ani eni ini oni uni
ano eno ino ono uno
anu enu inu onu unu

Example textEdit

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