|Nominative - Accusative|
|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Currently being Redesigned
Alegna /a.le.ɲa/ is a Western Romance language. It is notable for its sandhi (la jognêxoign di frazes /la ʒoɲexoj di fʁazes/) occuring between words. Unlike French's liason, sandi in Aleña mostly affects vowels.
L'alegna ês ugn lengudigox dil oês. Ês chognocedoix di la jognêxoign di frazes jed êxeste en pavolas.
[lal.'eɲ‿ɛs u le.'ŋu.'di.go dil o.ɛs ɛs ʃo.ɲo.'ce.doj di la ʒo.'ɲe.xoj di fʁa.'zes ʒed ɛ.'xest‿en pa.vo.'las].
In many areas, Alegna is more conservative the other romance languages (e.g. it kept octo [okto] < OCTŌ), but Alegna was innovative in other areas (e.g. chadoi [ʃadoj] < QUATTOR]
There are 21 consonants in Aleña.
|Plosive||p b||t d||k g|
|Fricative||f v||s z||ʃ ʒ||x||ʁ|
Alegna makes no phonemic distinction for vowel length
Alegna has the following dipthings: /aj, oj, aʊ, jV, wV/
The spelling of Alegna is mostly regular. There is an almost one-to-one correspondence between sounds and letters and almost every letter written is actally pronounced (exceptions include <x> and <gn> see below).
|A a||[a]||B b||[b]|
|C c||[k], [s] before [e, i]||Ch ch||[ʃ]|
|D d||[d]||Ê ê||[ɛ]|
|E e||[e]||F f||[f]|
|G g||[g], [x] before [e, i]||I i||[i], [j] in dipthongs|
|J j||[ʒ]||L l||[l]|
|gn||[ɲ], silent at the end of words||ng||[ŋ]|
|O o||[o]||P p||[p]|
|R r||[ʁ]||S s||[s]|
|T t||[t]||U u||[u], [w] in dipthongs|
|V v||[v]||X x||[x], silent at the end of words|
|Z z||[z]||Ai ai||[aj]|
|Au au||[aʊ]||Oi oi||[oj]|
Stress in Alegna has become very regular. If the word ends in a vowel, the stress falls on the antepenultimate syllable. If the word ends in a consonant (except <x> or <gn>), the stress is on the ultimate syllable.
Syllables in Alegna are relatively simple. The are consist of at most (C)V(C)(C). Examples V - ugn [u] VC - ês [ɛs] CV - li [li] CVC - frazes [faʁ.'zes] VCC - ils [ils] CVCC - êxeste (when followed by a word starting with a vowel) [ɛ.'xest]
In order to prevent hiatus, and ensure a smoother connection between words, Alegna has developed a system of morphophonology called la jognêxoign di frazes (literally "connection of phrases"). In certain environemtns, certain sounds will change or reappear. The rules are summarized below
1. <x> and <gn> are silent at the end of a word unless the following word ends in a vowel. Then they become [x] and [ɲ] (gn becomes [n] when the next word starts with [i]).
2. When a word ends with the same consonant as the following word, the last consonant is dropped.
3. /i V/ > [ø‿jV] when V isn't [i]
4. /u v/ > [ø‿wV] when V is't [u] 5. When a word ends in any other vowel and the next word starts with a vowel, the lower and/or more back vowel is dropped (e.g. Alegna ês /aleɲa ɛs/ > aleɲ‿ɛs). If the two vowels are the same, then the word final vowel is dropped and the word initial vowel is kept.
6. /n/ > [ɲ] and the end of a word when the next word starts with a vowel that isn't [i].