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Ancient Dalwaric

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Ancient Dalwaric
Teluala Dalwar'nith
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

 Another of the Tongues of Rauxor, Dalwaric has long been a dead language. It is believed to be the language of the first beings to walk on the surface of the world, and has led to most of the languages of today. The language has changed significantly, during it's time on earth, and when the speciation of this race of the Firstborn occurred, the languages of Rauxor continued to drift. The Dalwars were the first on their world to come up with symbols to represent language, and by unknown means, are also beleived to have evolved into most of the Races of Rauxor within a matter of centuries. Their civilization spanned the continent, and for unknown reasons, the entire race collapsed in on itself sometime around the third century,  by the reckoning of the Northern Thravian peoples. 

One of the longest lasting civilizations, the language of the Dalwars went remarkably unchanged for thousands of years, experiencing slight shifts in pronunciation and spelling, but with largely the same grammar and word structure for the duration of it's existance. It is hypothesised that the people of the central land of Necrotia are in fact mixed breed Dalwars, who have been affected by the curse that swept the continent roughly around the time the civilization collapsed. This theory is supported in the fact that while many of the words of the Necrotian tongue come from Thravic and Faelan tongues,  the grammar structure and pluralization methods are identical to those used by the ancient Dalwar. 

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal
Plosive
Fricative
Affricate
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

AlphabetEdit

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No
Nouns Yes No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes No Yes No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

  The Dalwaric peoples had a very strange sentence structure, which actually began with the main verb of a sentence. It was then followed by the subject performing the said action, and was lastly followed by the object or idea the object was being performed on.  "Sally Ran"  becomes "Ran Sally." (Rimava Sally)

Adjectives would also come after the nown which they modified. They would mention the "Dog black" or the "Stone Hard", or the "wall, high". THis applies only to the descriptions to form though. Any adjective pertaining to the quantity of an item were to be placed at the fore of a noun. We would say "many angry villaigers left". In Dalwaric, this would be said as follows: "Laviss'dis metha naz'difen kier'zaubet".  (left many [of the] enlsaved angry.) 

This, however, is before Declensions are taken into account. From the few reccords scholars have salvaged from the ruins nearest to the Myrkstone, it can be told that Dalwaric had suffixes to identify the part of a sentence a noun belonged as well. This certainly helps scholars in the modern day who are more accustomed to the Diniric, Faelan, or Thravic sentence structures. These appear to have been "ji" for subjects, and "tha" for the object of a sentence. However, it also appears that there were some verbs and nouns which end in this manner anyway. An apostraphe like character was used to differentiate between the two in written documents.  With these Declensions, the above sentence would be spoken "Laviss'dis metha naz'difen'ji kierzaubet."

The conjucation of Verbs in Dalwaric is also fairly standard. Unlike it's child language, Diniric, the Dalwaric tonuge is extrememly suffix heavy. There are very few prefixes, and all verbs are modified by means of suffixes. 

Past Tense
Person Singular Plural
1st in (een) ist
2nd ist daist
3rd dis dast
Present Tense
Person Singular Plural
1st a avin, a'vi
2nd av av'id
3rd ava ava'di (accent on seccond a)
Future Tense
Person Singular Plural
1st bri brivi
2nd bran bran'iv
3rd briz briz'iv

The Dalwaric language also has two conditional tenses. Adding these suffixes, or somtimes splitting these suffixes  off of the main verb as their own words, then puts the sentence in this conditional tense. These tenses correspond roughly to "I will/may if..." and " I would have if....". This is most often accomplished by adding "do" onto the beginning of the preexisting tenses for past and future.

Conditional Past (would have if)
person Singular Plural
1st do'ai do'ist
2nd do'dist do'daist
3rd dis'do do'dast


Conditional Future ( will / may if )
Person Singular Plural
1st do'bri do'briva
2nd do'brani do'braniv
3rd do'briz

do'briziv

The pluralization of nouns is also extremely important in the Dalwaric language. With the dalwars, if a verb is plural, the nouns around it must also be plural, and vice versa. The Dalwars also recognise perceived masculinity in items with their pluralizing system. These nouns are pluralized by the addition (and somtimes substitution) of the last vowel or the last syllable of the said noun and replacing it with "en" (masculine) or "ai" (femminine) There are irregulars where these two are switched, and a masculine object is pluralized by the means of "ai", and there are a few examplesl found among the monoliths of Dalwaric ruins of pluralization by "in". 

Other suffixes denote qualities and relations between objects. the suffix "re" has a simliar effect as the english suffix "er", when added onto a verb. This takes the verb and makes it either an adjective or a noun, having the rough meaning of "one who does ____".    For example, the verb "To Adress another", isir, when added with this suffix to form isir're, adopts the meaning of "one who adresses others."

The suffix which takes a noun or verb and makes it adjective is "bet." There are many individual adjectives that lack this suffix, but any time an adjective was found among the ruins which had a noun as it's root, it carried this suffix on the end. This was largely found by scholars concerning emotions. the best examples are the versions of "Angry", each of which posessed some form of this suffix. 

there are also the suffixes of " Iz" ( ing, something is happening now)  "Iri", which means to be "full of". ( eg, beautiful= beauty + ful. This is an adjective suffix) Ano, a strange suffix which, when tacked onto the end of an adjective such as Mith (grey) turns the collective in to a single term to refer to a person (Mith'ano= Grey One), et (which sometimes means "bright" and sometimes seems to have no meaning) along with the rarely seen "ni", which appears to mean  "of" or "From". 

Prefixes have been more difficult to isolate, but scholars have narrowed down "As" (which means not or against) and "Yi", a strange prefix that means "Mine". 


VocabularyEdit


No. English Ancient Dalwaric
1I
2you (singular)_____________
3heUko, Ukon (him)
4we______________
5you (plural)
6they______________
7thist'hon
8thatt'hai
9heret'hon menos
10theret'hai menou
11who------------
12what-------------
13where-------------
14when-------------
15how--------------
16notas_____
17all----------
18manyMetha
19somejou
20fewasmethi
21other----------
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27bigizm'ri
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32smallas'izri
33short
34narrow
35thin
36womanAlirna
37man (adult male)Alirno
38man (human being)Rivv'ya (a Human)
39childDal'hin, Dal'hiri
40wife---------
41husband---------
42motherAtirna
43fatherAtirno
44animal---------
45fish----------
46bird---------
47dogNu'cofle (sing) , Au'coflen (plur)
48louse--------
49snake--------
50worm--------
51treelathi, lath'ai
52foresttrauven
53stick---------
54fruit---------
55seedEred
56leaflasfe, lasfen
57root-----------
58bark-----------
59flowerAmon, amon'en
60grass----------
61rope------------
62skin---------
63meataes'g (meat dish)
64bloodaglos, Khag'lan (poor blood), Kha'gloshi (poisoned)
65bone------------
66fat--------
67egg---------
68horn---------
69tail----------
70feather---------
71hairloske
72head-------
73ear---------
74eye---------
75nose--------
76mouth---------
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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