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Ancient Va'aini

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Ancient Va'aini
Quūvarānī
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Ergative-Absolutive
Head direction
Final
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

The first written language in all of Nirūnei, it was made by the Laivanī of Va'ainū and used an alphabet reminiscent of Semitic scripts, representing only consonants. It is highly agglutinative (sorry, gave up on making it polysynthetic. It's..close though), compared to more analytical languages like English, or fusional languages such as Latin or Greek.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Labial Alveolar Post-alveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m

n

Plosive

p, b t, d

g, gu, c, qu

'

Fricative f, v

s, z

š h
Affricate

č

Approximant

l

Trill

r

Notice: There are much more consonants than before. This is because I have made the switch so that vowels are not written, so I needed more consonants so that words could be more distinct.

Related ConsonantsEdit

Some consonants are very phonetically similar and were represented by the same letter in the Quūvarānī alphabet, only with a bar above to distinguish one from the other. For the most part, this is for voiced versus unvoiced, however there are a few exceptions. The alphabet chart explains which consonants are related and which is "dominant" (dominant consonants have the bar over them.)

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close ī ū
Near-close i u
Close-mid e o
Mid
Open-mid ē
Near-open
Open a/ā

The only diphthongs are "ou" (which is the only way the letter is ever used) "ei" and "ai." NB: the diphthong "ou" is written "ō" and pronounced as in "oh."

All vowels can be lengthened by adding a macron. For most vowels, the pronunciation changes as well as the time it is held, except for a, which is simply held longer.

AlphabetEdit

Letter Name Dominant Consonant Non-Dominant Consonant
Malācū
Malācū m n
Pilāgei
Pilāgei p b
Taremī
Taremī t d
Curešī
Curešī c g
Qualeimā
Qualeimā qu gu
Falāca
Falāca f v
Sirūlī
Sirūlī s z
Čilāquei
Čīlaquei č š
'arešī
'arešī ' h
Lesīla
Lešīla l r
Beneath is the entire Quūvarānī alphabet in four possible combinations: the first row features non-dominant consonants with short vowels, the second dominant consonants with short vowels, the third non-dominant with long vowels or diphthongs, and the last dominant consonants with long vowels or diphthongs. Note that though vowels are not indicated orthographically, whether or not they are long (diphthongs are considered long) is, to help with pronunciation of stress.
Ancient Va'aini

PhonotacticsEdit

Quūvarani has a very simple set of phonotactics due to its alphabet, with a strict CVCV... pattern with no method of deviation. This is helpful because of the fact that vowels were not indicated orthographically.

GrammarEdit

Quūvarānī is a heavily agglutinative language, so where in English where we would use multiple prepositions, adverbs, particles and infinitives, Quūvarānī would often have a verb mood or noun case to express it in one word (especially where in English a verb often takes an infinitive, and when prepositions are used)



CasesEdit

Case Ending English Example Grammatical Usage 

Ergative

None (default) hit him. Subject of transitive verb
Absolutive -qua

am well/ he hit me

Subject of intransitive verb/

Direct object

Dative

-ga I give a gift to you Indirect object

Genitive

-nī His dog Possession

Descriptive

-lī

Made of/ some of/ about

Partitive, Quantitive

Allative

-rō I walk to the store Place to

Pre-Proximative

-'ōrī

I am in front of him

Place where in relation to

Post-Proximative

-'ōvē

I am behind him

Place where in relation to

Proximitive

-'ō

I am near him

Place where in relation to

Locative

-tō I am at the store Place where

Ablative

-šō

I am walking from the

store

Place from

VocabularyEdit


No. English Quūvarānī
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earthCālōcī (earth) Nirūnei (planet)
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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