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Aenglish

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Name: Anglish

Type: Fusional

Alignment: Nominative-Accusative

Head Direction:

Number of genders: 3

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adjectives No Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


SettingEdit

Anglish is a form of Northern English with ancient features. Due to writing, spelling and pronunciation reforms, it adopts some modern spellings but retains a strict phonetic pronunciation and preserves ancient phonems lost in modern English. It also retains altered/simplified form of the Germanic declension and conjugation systems. Vocabulary wise, indistinct from formal English except for Northern colloquialisms and preserved ancient Germanic vocabulary lost in modern English. All in all, it can be said to be parallel to Icelandic or Faroese among Nordic languages.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labiode. Dental Alveol. Postalve. Retrofl. Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyn. Epiglot. Glottal
Plosives p b t k g
Affricates
Fricatives f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ x ɣ h
Lateral Fricatives
Lateral Affricates
Nasals m n ŋ
Trills
Flaps / taps
Glides Approxim. j w
Lateral Appr.
Co-art. approx.

VowelsEdit

Front Near front Central Near back Back
Close ɪ ʊ
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid ɛ ə ɔː
Open-mid
Near-open
Open ʌ ɑː ɒ

PhonotacticsEdit

Basic GrammarEdit

Declension (Nouns & Adjectives)

Every substantive can be declined. Though proper nouns -like names, or unusual foreign nouns -like the scientific nomenclature- can have their inflections delegated to their modifiers; such as articles, adjectives, or other nouns within the same noun phrase.

The declension is a set of endings given to substantives based on the case and number. The number is either singular or plural. The cases are nominative, accusative, genitive or dative.

The cases are roles that nouns or noun phrases play in a sentence.

Nominative: As subject or as quotation. If a quoted word have a meaning that sould be delegated to other cases, then it may be delegated to a modifier or freely appended to the end of the word.

Genitive: As possesion or related to the word it is appended to. It corresponds to the "-'s" ending in English. It may also be expressed as "af/of + (Accusative/Dative)".

Dative: As indirect object, as direction, and as prepositional case. Every preposition modifies a word into the dative case. For its indirect object or directional meaning it is always expressed as "ta + (Accusative/Dative)".

Accusative: As direct object and prepositional case. For its prepositional meaning, it is less prefered than dative.

Ends in Consonant


Singular

Plural

Nominative

-0

-es

Genitive

-is

-era

Dative

-e

-emis

Accusative

-en

-ens



Ends in Vowels


Singular

Plural

Nominative

-a/-i/-u/-e/-o

-as/-is/-us/-es/-os

Genitive

-ais/-ies/-eis/-uis

-ara/-ira/-ura/-era/-ora

Dative

-ay/-yi/-ui/-ei/-oi

-amis/-imis/-umis/-emis/-omis

Accusative

-an/-in/-un/-en/-on

-ans/-ins/-uns/-ens/-ons



Ends in Schwa


Singular

Plural

Nominative

-e

-es

Genitive

-yis

-om

Dative

-ya

-emis

Accusative

-en

-ens



Conjugation

Weak verbs

-Ending in Consonant


Present

Past

Past & Passive Participle

(V)

(V)-ed

ge-(V)-ed/a-(V)-ed

Present Participle(declinable)

Gerund(declinable)

Infinitive

(V)-ing

(V)-and

To (V)-en



-Ending in Vowels


Present

Past

Past & Passive Participle

(V)

(V)-de

ge-(V)-de/a-(V)-de

Present Participle(declinable)

Gerund(declinable)

Infinitive

(V)-yng

(V)-nde

To (V)-en



-Ending in Semi-vowels

Strong verbs

Patterns

DictionaryEdit

-Words not existing in English

eek: too

keen: not

outgang: exit


No. English
1Iic
2you (singular)dhou
3hehe
4wewe
5you (plural)you
6theydhey
7thisdhis
8thatdhas
9herehere
10theredhere
11whohwa
12whathwat
13wherehwer
14whenhwen
15howhow
16notnat
17allall
18manymanig
19somesom
20fewfug
21otherodher
22oneane
23twotwa
24threethree
25fourfour
26fivefif
27bigbig
28longlong
29widewide
30thickthik
31heavyheavig
32smallsmal
33shortshort
34narrownarrow
35thinthin
36womanwoman
37man (adult male)man
38man (human being)
39childkid
40wifewife
41husbandhusband
42mothermadher
43fatherfadher
44animalanimal
45fishfish
46birdbird
47dogdog, hound
48louselouse
49snakesnake
50wormvorm
51treetree
52forestforest
53stickstick
54fruitfrut
55seedseed
56leafleaf
57rootroot
58barkbark
59flowerflawer
60grassgras
61roperope
62skinskin
63meatmeat
64bloodblod
65bonebone
66fat
67eggegg
68hornhorn
69tailtail
70featherfedher
71hairhair
72headhead
73earear
74eyeeye
75nosenose
76mouthmouth
77toothtooth
78tonguetong
79fingernailfing'er nail
80footfoot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomitvomit
98blowblow
99breathebreadhe'n
100laughlaughen
101seesee'n
102hearhear
103know
104thinkthink
105smellsmellen
106fearfear
107sleepsleepen
108liveliven
109diedighen
110killmord
111fightfighten
112hunthunten
113hithiten
114cutcuten
115splitspliten
116stabstaben
117scratchscratchen
118digdigen
119swimswimen
120fly
121walkwalken
122comecomen
123lieligen
124sitsiten
125standstanden
126turnturnen
127fallfallen
128givegiven
129holdholden
130squeezesqueezen
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throwthrowen
137tietigen
138sewsewen
139count
140saysayen
141singsingen
142playplayen
143floatfloaen
144flow
145freezefreeze'n
146swellswellen
147sunsun
148moonmoon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154seasea
155saltsalt
156stonestone
157sandsand
158dustdust
159earthearth
160cloud
161fogfog
162sky
163wind
164snowsno
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175whitehwite
176black
177nightnight
178dayday
179yearyaer
180warmwarm
181coldcold
182full
183newniw
184oldold
185goodgood
186bad
187rottengeroten
188dirtydirtig
189straightstraight
190roundround
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195drydrig
196correct
197near
198far
199rightright
200leftleft
201atat
202inin
203withwith
204andand
205ifif
206because
207name


Example textEdit

When dhat April with hisemis showeremis fragrantemis

Dhe drighness of Marchis has a-pierced ta dhe rooti,

And bathed every vein in such liquidi

By hwichen poweren engendered is dhe flower

Hwen Zephyrus ech with sweeti breathi

Inspired has in every woodlandi and heathi

Dhe tenderes cropes and dhe yong sun

Has in the Rami hisen halfen coursen ge-ronen

And smalles foweles maken melodyen,

That sleepen allen dhe nighten with openemis eyemis

So rises dhe nature in dheiremis heartemis

Then ghearnen folk ta goen on pilgrimagemis,

And palmeres for ta seeken strangens strandens,

Ta faremis away shrinemis, ge-knowen in sundrighemis landemis;

And specially from everighis shire's endi

Of Angelandi and Scotlandi dhey wend...


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name

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