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|Masculine, Feminine, Neuter|
|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
The Aquilian language is closely related to Latin, with very similar grammar and basic vocabulary. Native speakers are well aware of the similarities and a common origin between the two is often suspected, but despite the close relations and ongoing interlinguistic contact, there are some very significant differences between Latin and Aquilian.
These differences include the passive voice, which is common in Latin but is falling out of use in Aquilian except in a few verbs where the passive is most used. Aquilian also lacks a synthetic future tense, and in general distinguishes aspect before tense unlike in Latin. However, while Aquilian verbal morphology has greatly simplified relative to Latin, the nominal morphology retains archaic features lost or marginalized in Latin, such as the locative case. But the most striking differences are in the syntax; Latin, despite using prepositions and most adjectives after nouns, is normally verb-final. This contrasts with Aquilian, where the syntax is head-initial with very few exceptions, and is best shown by the verb-initial and verb-second word orders, and the mainstream Aquilian dialects seem to be developing a topic-prominent structure similar to many East Asian languages but very unusual among Western European languages.
(NOTE. Sounds in round brackets are allophones)
|Plosive||p b||t d||k kʷ g gʷ|
|Fricative||ɸ (β)||(f) (v)||θ (ð)||s (z)||x (ɣ)|
|Flap or tap||(ɾ)|
Nouns are declined in several classes, but there are some patterns that can aid memory of the various forms:
|akʷa- 'water', feminine||Singular||Plural|