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Ar Obháir

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General informationEdit

Ar Obháir ("Language of the people/Men", English: Aroveric) is a language isolate in origin, but due to massive immigration of Keltic (Irish and Scottish), Germanic (Dutch, German, English, Scandinavian) people the language has altered so much, that it resembles a Keltic-Germanic pidgin language.

It is spoken in the Far North region where the Ýrgéa (River Forest) meets the Firécha (Sunny Mountains). It started as a small Táighos (colony) in the forementioned region, but the authorities of the Motherland forgot bit by bit the small colony because it was thought to be unprofitable, which wasn't the case.

There is only one city in the Táois (shorter and more popular form of Táighos) which is popularly called "Ird", which means just "city" in Aroveric.

Grammatically it has some characteristics of Keltic languages (for example: it has no real usage with lenition or eclipsis, but only people of Keltic origin use it sometimes and when they use it, it is mostly used in an irregular and inconsistent way whereas people of other origins barely if not never use it), and also characteristics of Germanic languages. The "native" grammar of Aroveric is less obvious but most irregular features are partially due to the original language.

The Aroveric vocabulary is of Keltic and Germanic origin nowadays, and sometimes they fuse together in a remarkable way. Other words which aren't of Keltic or Germanic origin are very probably of the original native language in Táois.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal
Plosive
Fricative
Affricate
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

AlphabetEdit

Basic alphabet: a b c d e f g h i l m n o p r s t u v y

PhonotacticsEdit

[in progress]

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

There are two tenses (present and past), the other tenses are composed with auxiliary verbs.

1) PRESENT TENSEEdit

A) irregular verbs: bía- (to be), abh- (to have), bír- (to be)

Person Form bía- abh- bír-
1 sg (I) -*d, -*m éghu (< éu) máid béim
2 sg (you) -*rd, -*d bórd abhéa[r]d bérd
3 sg (he, she, it) -*rd, -*d bóard abhéa[r]d béird
1 pl (we) -*rd, -*ld éreld (< érd) máird bírd
2 pl (you) -er écer máder bíder
3 pl (they) -*rd, -*ld éreld (< érd) máird bírd

The distinction between bía- (to be, mostly used as an auxiliary verb) and bír- (to be, used for fixed situations which are completely certain) is less observed. Nowadays bía- has become the standard for everything.

The short forms éu, érd of bía- are used in speech, but are also acceptable in (informal) writing.

The form abhéard of abh- is an archaic form, nowadays abhéad is used. Abhéard is mostly used by people over 60 years old, it has also some usage in official documents of the government.

B) regular verbs (verb ends in consonant): óad- (word stem: óadh-; to build), táigh- (word stem: t'áigh-; to colonise)

Person Form óad- (WS: óadh-) táigh- (WS: táigh-)
1 sg (I) -im óadhim táighim
2 sg (you) -ir óadhir táighir
3 sg (he, she, it) -ean óadhean táighean
1 pl (we) -ind (< -im) óadhind (< óadhim) táighind (< táighim)
2 pl (you) -ean óadhean táighean
3 pl (they) -id óadhid táighid

C) regular verbs (verb ends in vowel): húa- (WS: hú-; to eat), ma- (WS: ma-; to live)

Person Form húa- (WS: hú-) ma- (WS: ma-)
1 sg (I) -(i)m húim mam
2 sg (you) -(i)r húir mar
3 sg (he, she, it) -/ ma
1 pl (we) -(i)mid (< -(i)d) húimid (<húid) mamid (< maid)
2 pl (you) -(i)n húin man
3 pl (they) -(i)d húid mad

When the word stem ends with a vowel which has an accent (only: á, é, ú), they follow the pattern as "húa-, hú-". If the word stem ends in another vowel than á, é, ú, than it follows the pattern as "ma-, ma-".

2) PAST TENSEEdit

...

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit

(n) noun, (adj) adjective, (v) verb

English Ar Obháir
mountain (n) ór
flower (n) ýte
civilian (n) íroach
village (n) gláen
island (n) ólean
mountain range (n) orécha (< órche)
house (n) duir
church (n) esoar
child (n) téar
colony (n) táighos (< táois)
king (n) aghin (< áin)
queen (n) úrin
coast (n) failge
land, country (n) méacht, gosar
moon (n) ósa
man (n) fúai
market (n) doanei
lake (n) dáu
human, Man (n) obhar
plant (n) bóred
prince (n) roan
empire (n) tóicht
river (n) ýr
city (n) ird
beach (n) péathoar (< pethoar)
region (n) umáicht, menir
people (n) gir
woman (n) cúna
water (n) ág
forest (n) obhéa
sea (n) máire
sun (n) fir
big (adj) eghim
young (adj) athéare
small (adj) tól
cold (adj) rós
old (thing) (adj) ych
old (person) (adj) ó
new (adj) óame
warm (adj) hog
to build (v) óad-
to eat (v) húa-
to have (v) abh-
to colonise (v) táigh-
to live (v) ma-
to be (auxiliary) (v) bía-
to be (state) (v) bír-

Example textEdit

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