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Inflections Edit

Plural Words Edit

If the last letter is a consonant, the vowel before it is removed. If this is not pronouncable, the vowel is replaced by an è, or an 'i' if the letter is already an è.

Examples Edit

tòlèm - tòlm Edit

nìsìn - nìsèn Edit

Gender Edit

There are many rules about gender.

  • To show gender, the consonant closest to the middle is changed, or has a letter added before or after it.
  • If there are two consonants touching, this affects both.
  • If the two closest ones are not touching, whichever one is stressed is changed. (If none are stressed, change the first one.)
  • Two consonants that make one sound are treated as one.
  • If the letter added is the same as the one before or after it, remove the letter.
  • If two letters are added before another, whichever one goes directly before is second.
  • All changes are made at the same time. For example, if an M was replaced with R, and a T was added before the M, you would get TR.
  • Multiple changes can be made, such as race and sex.

For example, tòrm, the word for historian.

Sex Edit

  • tòm (R added directly before letter) - male
  • tòtfrm (TF added directly before letter) - female

Race Edit

  •  (letter replaced with M) - human
  • tòlm (letter replaced with L) - elf
  • tòdm (letter replaced with D) - dwarf
  • tògm (letter replaced with G) - halfling
  • tòcm (letter replaced with C) - orc, goblin, or similar monster

Others Edit

  • tòlèm (È added directly after letter) - half human (in this case, half human and elf)

Examples Edit

Human male historian - tòrmm - tòr /rtoʊ/

Dwarven female historian - tòtfdm /'toʊθˌd(ə)m/

Orcish male historian - tòrcm /'toʊˌc(ə)m/

Case Edit

There is only one change in case in Aran, which I've shown below.

For example, nìsìn, the word for kitten.

  • nìsìtf (last two letters and any vowels directly before them replaced with ìtf) - subject or nominative - the world (is, does, ...)
  • nìsìn (same) - object or accusative - (something affects) the world
  • nìsìn (same) - vocative - O world!
  • nìsìn (same) - possessive or genitive - the world’s
  • nìsìn (same) - indirect object or dative - (given, sold, etc.) to the world
  • nìsìtf (last two letters and any vowels directly before them replaced with ìtf) - ablative - (something is done) by the world

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