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Ardlang

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Ardlang
Ardlang
Type
Rather isolating
Alignment
Direct
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Ardlang is a worldlang project. It has an a posteriori dictionary and an a priori grammar.

PhonologyEdit

Ardlang follows the rule "one letter = one sound" with few exceptions due to euphonia.

ConsonantsEdit

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i u
Close-mid e o
Open a

AlphabetEdit

Currently there is only a Latin and a Cyrillic alphabet.

Latin

Cyrillic

Pronunciation

A a

A a

[a]

B b

Б б

[b]

C c

Ц ц

[ts]

D d

Д д

[d]

E e

E e

[e]

F f

Ф ф

[f]

G g

Г г

[g]

H h

X x

[h] or [x]

I i

И и

[i]

J j

Ж ж

[ʒ] or [dʒ]

K k

К к

[k]

L l

Л л

[l]

M m

М м

[m]

N n

Н н

[n]

O o

O o

[o]

P p

П п

[p]

Q q

Ч ч

[tʃ]

R r

P p

[r] or [ɹ]

S s

C c

[s]

T t

Т т

[t]

U u

У у

[u]

V v

В в

[v]

W w

Ў ў

[w]

X x

Ш ш

[ʃ]

Y y

Й й

[j]

Z z

З з

[z] or [dz]


H, J and R can be pronounced in two different ways. For example, an English speaker would find more natural to pronounce J as [ʤ], while a French or a Russian one would more easily pronounce it as [ʒ].

StressEdit

Stress is on the penultimate syllable. W and Y are semivowels, therefore the stress is never placed on them. For example, sekwi (to follow) is pronounced [sEkwi] and not [sekUi]. An exception is made for AO and EO, due to euphony. When they constitute the last two syllables, O is considered a vowel and the stress falls on A or E. Therefore, leon (lion) is pronounced [lEon]. Otherwise, O is considered a semivowel. So baoli (violence) is pronounced [bAoli] and not [baOli].

Compound words, kept together by an hyphen, have one stress for each root word. Ex: Frans-lang (French language) [frAns-lAng].

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No Yes No No
Nouns Yes No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


VocabularyEdit

The vocabulary borrows from various language families, categorized as follows.

  • Indo-European: Italian, English, French, Spanish, German, Russian, Hindi-Urdu, Sanskrit, Farsi, Latin, Greek. Minor sources include Basque, Portuguese, Ukrainian, Irish, Albanian, Armenian and Bengali.
  • Altaic: Japanese, Korean, Turkish
  • Sino-Tibetan: Mandarin Chinese
  • Afroasiatic: Arabic. Minor sources include Hebrew.
  • Austronesian: Indonesian, Malay, Javanese
  • Niger-Congo: Swahili. Minor sources include Bantu languages.


Swadesh ListEdit


No. English Ardlang
1Ime
2you (singular)te
3heho
4wewe
5you (plural)ve
6theyle
7thiseste
8thatkele
9hereje
10therena
11whokwi
12whatkto
13wherekwer
14whenkwan
15howkak
16notne
17allves
18manypoli
19someirgen
20fewxao
21otherali
22oneun
23twodu
24threetri
25fourqar
26fivepent
27bigmeg
28longlong
29widewid
30thickdik
31heavywazni
32smallparve
33shortdwan
34narrowang
35thinbao
36womangina, fem
37man (adult male)andro, nan
38man (human being)human
39childinfant, kid
40wifegamfem
41husbandgamnan
42mothermatra
43fatherpatro
44animalanimal
45fishmaq
46birdpakxi
47dogkuk
48louselus
49snakeserpent
50wormverm
51treearbor
52forestforest
53stickstik
54fruitfrukt
55seedsem
56leafyez
57rootriza
58barkkorteks
59flowerflor
60grasscao
61ropekord
62skinderm
63meatmaz
64bloodhema
65boneosto
66fatlipo, lipid
67eggovo
68hornkorn
69tailkawd
70featherplum
71hairhar, triho
72headkaput
73earoto
74eyeayk
75nosenos
76mouthmund
77toothdent
78tonguejib
79fingernailnag
80footpod
81legnoga
82kneegenue
83handhand
84wingpter
85bellyventre
86gutsantra
87neckjing
88backdors
89breastyuban
90heartkor, kardyo
91liverhepat
92drinkpin
93eatfag
94biteyao
95sucksukti
96spitspit
97vomitvomit
98blowsufle
99breathenafas
100laughrid
101seevid
102hearawdit
103knowgnoz
104thinkpens
105smellwen
106fearfob
107sleepdorm
108livejiv
109diemort
110killmord, katla
111fightjeng
112huntkaz
113hitudar
114cutkatna
115splitsplit
116stabponard
117scratchskrat
118digkav
119swimplav
120flyfey
121walkzow
122comelay
123lielug
124sitsid
125standstand
126turnrotat, spin
127fallpad
128givedan
129holdten
130squeezeklem
131rubfrot
132washdon
133wipeterg
134pulltrakt
135pushtwi
136throwpao
137tieligat
138sewkudre
139countkont, komput
140sayxwo
141singgan
142playludo, play, igrat
143floatflot
144flowfluks
145freezemaroz
146swellinflati
147sunsol
148moonlun
149starxin
150waterhidro, akwa
151rainpluv
152rivernadi
153lakelak
154seamar
155saltsal, hal
156stonepetra
157sandsand
158dustpulve
159earthard, zemya
160cloudnub
161fognebul
162skytyan
163windfeng
164snowsneg
165icelyod
166smokeduman, fum
167fireagni
168ashseniz
169burnbren
170roaddao
171mountainxan
172redrud
173greenahdar
174yellowhwan
175whitebyel
176blackkal
177nightnokt
178daydin
179yearnyan
180warmgarm
181coldhalod
182fullplen
183newnov
184oldlao
185goodbon
186badmal
187rottenputrid
188dirtyzang
189straightort
190roundrond
191sharpakut
192dulltup
193smoothglat
194wetmokri
195drysuk
196correctkorekti
197nearkarib
198fardalek
199rightdesne
200leftlevne
201ata
202inin
203withyu
204andi
205ifag
206becausesabab
207namenam


Example textEdit

Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Ves human quxen azad i egal in endiote i prav. Le hav razon i yanxim, i deb akt mutwal in spirit de fratiote.

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