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Arjanos

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Arjanos is a simplified and regularized version of the Proto-Indo-European language. Laryngeals, Ablauting, Heteroclites, and themetic vowels were removed to ensure regularity.
Name: Arjanos

Type: Fusional

Alignment: Nominative-Accusative

Head Direction:

Number of genders: 3

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


SettingEdit

PhonologyEdit

Letter Name IPA
a a /a/
ā ā /a:/
b be /b/
bh bhe /bʰ/
d de /d/
dh dhe /dʰ/
e e /ɛ/
ē ē /e:/
g ge /g/
gh ghe /gʰ/
c ce /gʷ/
ch che /gʷʰ/
i /i/ /i/
ī ī /i:/
j je /j/
k ke /k/
q qe /kʷ/
qh qhe /kʷʰ/
l el /l/
l. l. /l̥/
m em /m/
m. m. /m̥/
en en /n/
n. n. /n̥/
o o /ɔ/
ō ō /o:/
p pe /p/
r er /r/
r. r. /r̥/
s es /s/
t te /t/
u u /u/
ū u /u:/
w we /w/

Diphthongs:
ei, eu, ai, au, oi, ou,


Symbols to represent foreign sounds in loan words:

IPA Symbol
/f/ f
/v/ v
/z/ z
/x/ kh
/ɣ/ gh
/ʃ/ sh
/ʒ/ zh
/ŋ/ ng
/ɲ/ nj
/ʎ/ lj

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labiode. Dental Alveol. Postalve. Retrofl. Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyn. Epiglot. Glottal
Plosives
Affricates
Fricatives
Lateral Fricatives
Lateral Affricates
Nasals
Trills
Flaps / taps
Glides Approxim.
Lateral Appr.
Co-art. approx.

VowelsEdit

Front Near front Central Near back Back
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

PhonotacticsEdit

Basic GrammarEdit

Singular

Dual

Plural

Thematic

Athematic

Thematic

Athematic

Thematic Athematic

animate

neuter

animate

neuter

animate

neuter

animate

neuter

Animate Neuter Animate Neuter

Nominative

-os

-om

-s*

-

-oi

-(ō)

-i

-ōs -a -(e)s -a

Vocative

-e

-om

-

-

-oi

-(ō)

-i

-ōs -a -(e)s -a

Accusative

-om

-om

-m

-

-oi

-(ō)

-i

-ons -a -ns -a

Genitive

-osjo

-(o)s

-ōm

-(ō)m

-ōm -(ō)m

Dative

-oi

-(e)i

-oibhos

-bhos

-oibhos -bhos

Instrumental

-bhi

-oibhis

-bhis

-oibhis -bhis

Ablative

-ōd

-(o)s

-oibhos

-bhos

-oibhos -oibhos

Locative

-oi

-i

-oisu

-su

-oisu -oisu
  • If the stem vowel is "-a" the the nominative singular animate ending is "-"

Letters in parentheses appear only if the stem ends in a consonant or in "-i" or "-u", in which case they become "j" and "w", repsectively, when the letters in parentheses appear.

If the omited letter in parentheses is a long vowel, the stem vowel becomes long.


Adjectives:


Declines as a noun does and may be thematic or athematic. Adjectives must agree with the noun they modify in case, gender, and number. Thematic adjectives do not become athematic when modifying athematic nouns, however, when a thematic adjective modifies a feminine noun, the stem vowel is changed to -a and becomes athematic, as in Latin.


Adverbs:


Adverbs can be formed from adjectives by adding the ending -ē.


Verb tense:

Past Present Future
ē-[stem]-[ending] [stem]-[ending] [stem]-(i)si/(i)sj-[ending]


Verb Aspect and Mood:

Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Opative Imperfect Perfect Middle Passive
1st Sing -mi -jem -m. -a -mai -mar
2nd Sing -si -dhi -ēsi -jes -s -tha -soi -sor
3rd Sing -ti -ēti -jet -t -e -toi -tor
1st dual -wos -ōwe -iwe -we -we -wodhoi -wodhor
2nd dual -tes -tes -etis -itis -tis -tis -dhisoi -dhisor
3rd dual -ses -ēse -ise -se -se -sedhoi -sedhor
1st Plural -mos -ōmos -ime -me -me -modhoi -modhor
2nd Plural -te -te -ēte -ite -te -te -dhoi -dhor
3rd Plural -enti -ōnti -int -n.t -ēr -n.toi -n.tor




Infinitive:

-tūs (Declinable)


Gerund:

-endos/m



Passive Pariciple:

-tos/m



Active Pariciple:

-nt/s



Agent:

-tor/s


Pronouns:

Stem

1st

2nd

Numb

sing

dual

plur

sing

dual

plur

Nom.

ego

wējes

jūs

Acc.

n.sme

usme

Gen.

moi

nos

nos tewe wos wos

Dat.

mēghei

nōsbheis

nōsbheis tēbhei wōsbheis wōsbheis

Abl.

mēd

n.smed

n.smed

twēd

usmed usmed

Ins.

mojo

n.smi

n.smi twojo usmi usmi

Loc.

mēi

n.smei

n.smei twēi usmei usmei


Third Person Pronouns/Demonstrative Pronouns/Definate Article

Masculine

sing

plur

Nominative

Toi

Accusative

Tom

Tons

Genitive

Tosjo

Toisom

Dative

Tosmoi

Tōbhos

Instrumental

Tosmod

Tōbhos

Ablative

Toi

Tois

Locative

Tosmi

Toisu

Feminine

sing

plur

Nominative

Sa

Tai

Accusative

Tam

Tans

Genitive

Tasjas

Tasom

Dative

Tasjai

Tabhos

Ablative

Tasjas

Tabhos

Instrumental

Tasja

Tabhis

Locative

Tasjai

Tasu



Neuter

sing

plur

Nominative

Tod

Ta

Accusative

Tod

Ta

Genitive

Tosjo

Toisom

Dative

Tosmoi

Tōbhos

Instrumental

Tosmod

Tōbhos

Ablative

Toi

Tois

Locative

Tosmi

Toisu


Prepositions

· Ap-from

· Epi-Near

· Ad-To

· En-In

· Enter-Among

· An-On

· Au-Away From

· Ambi-Around

· Com-With

· Ander-Under

· Nu-Now

· Pra-Before, In front of

· Pēr-Through

· Ūpar-Above

· Up-Under

· Ne-Not

· -ne-Question

· -qe-And

· -weor

· joqe-And

· Ā!-Oh!

· Wai!-Woe!








Reflective Pronouns:
Acc. se
Gen. sewe
Dat. sebi
Inst. sesoi
Abl. sesed
Loc. sesi

Relative Pronoun:
kwi

Interogative/Indefinite Pronoun:
Nominative: kwis kwid
Accusative: kwim kwid
Genative: kwisio kwidio
Dative : kwismoi kwidmoi
Ablative: kwido kwido
Instrumental: kwiso kwido
Locative: kwoi kwoi

Pronominal Adjective:
alyo-, another

Demonstratives:
"This"
Singular
Mas. Neu. Fem.
Nom. so tod sa
Acc. tom tod tam
Gen. tosio tosio tasas
Dat. tosmoi tosmoi tasai
Loc. tosmoi tosmoi tasai
Ins. toi toi toi
Ablative. toid toid tad

Plural
Mas. Neu. Fem.
Nom. toi ta sai
Acc. tons ta tans
Gen. tesom tesom tesom
Dat. toimos toimos tamos
Loc. toisu toisu tasu
Ins. toibi toibi tabi
Ablative. toibo toibo tabo


"That"
Singular
Mas. Neu. Fem.
Nom. he hid ia
Acc. im hid im
Gen. heso heso hesas
Dat. hesmoi hesmoi hesai
Loc. hesmi hesmi hesiai
Ins. heo heo hea
Abl. hed hed he

Plural
Mas. Neu. Fem.
Nom. hei i ies
Acc. ins i ins
Gen. hesom hesom hesom
Dat. heimus heimus heimus
Loc. heibo heibo heibo
Ins. hebi hebi habi
Abl. heibo hebo habo

Esi:
Esmi
Esi
Esti
Esmos
Este
Sent




Numerals:
Hoino-, one
Duwo-, two
Trei-, three
Kwetwor-, four
Pekwe-, five
Sweks-, six
Sept(e)m-, seven
Hekto, eight
newn-, nine
Dekimt-, ten
wikimt-Twenty
trikomt-Thirty
Kwetwirikomt-Forty
Pekwekomt-Fifty
Sweksikomipt-Sixty
Septimkompt-Seventy
newnikomipt-Ninety
Hektoukomipt-Eighty
Dekimtom-, hundred
Gheslo-, thousand

Numeral Prefixes:
sim-one
dwi-two
tri-three
kwetru-four

Ordinal numbers:
pri-first
alyo-second
tirto-third
oktowo-eighth

Conjunction
kwe-and
we-or
de-(because)
nu-(therefore)

Interjections:
Wai!-woe or agony
O!-oh!

Particles:
apo-from
epi-near, at, upon, by
had-to, by, at
hen-in
henter-within
heno-on
heuo-off, away, down from
hanbi- around
kata-down
kom-with
ni-down, under
nu-now
pe-together, with
peri-around, through
per-before, forth, in front of
-r, for (enclitic)
uper-over
up-under, below
ne/n-(negator)

DictionaryEdit


No. English
1IContionary_Wiki
2you (singular)Contionary_Wiki
3heContionary_Wiki
4weContionary_Wiki
5you (plural)Contionary_Wiki
6theyContionary_Wiki
7thisContionary_Wiki
8thatContionary_Wiki
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notContionary_Wiki
17allContionary_Wiki
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


Example textEdit


No. English
1IContionary_Wiki
2you (singular)Contionary_Wiki
3heContionary_Wiki
4weContionary_Wiki
5you (plural)Contionary_Wiki
6theyContionary_Wiki
7thisContionary_Wiki
8thatContionary_Wiki
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notContionary_Wiki
17allContionary_Wiki
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki

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