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Arkathian

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Arkathian
Arkathyjakos
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator RogalDorn229


Classification and DialectsEdit

Arkathian is a language spoken by the nomadic Arkathy people. Part of the Skirithic language group(a group of languages all descended from Old Skirithic or one of the multiple dialects of Bastard Skirithic), Arkathian has three recognisable dialects: West Arkathian; North Arkathian and Central Arkathian. Of all these dialects, West Arkathian is the furthest removed from Central Arkathian, the most widely spoken varient and therefore the dialect that is often viewed as the "standard" version of the language. 

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m N
Plosive b
Fricative
Affricate ts c
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

PhonotacticsEdit

Writing SystemEdit

Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound
Letter
Sound

GrammarEdit

Tenses Edit

Arkathian posses a Past, Present and Future. In the Present, there is the Present Passive and the Present Imperative, the Past has the Relative past and the Intimate past(with both also have an imperative and passive form) and the Future has the Relative future and Intimate future(again, both posses an imperative and passive form).

NounsEdit

In Arkathian, nouns decline based on the gender they are obliged to take in the sentence, with masculine taking the 1st declension, feminine taking the 2nd declension and neuter taking the 3rd declension. Arkathian has 3 cases, accusative(used for expressing the direct object or motion towards), genetive(used to indicate possession) and dative(used to replace by, with or from).

Marakzhevos, noun meaning slave.

1ST DECLENSION

ACC. Azmarakzhevil/Azmarakzheviy

GEN. Azmarakzhevi/Azmarakzhevis

DAT. Azmarakzhevin/Azmarakzhevina

2ND DECLENSION

ACC. Ismarakzhevu/Ismarakzhevura

GEN. Ismarakzhevus/Ismarakzhevusa

DAT. Ismarakzhevun/Ismarazhevuna

3RD DECLENSION

ACC. Marakzhevo/Marakzhevori

GEN. Marakzhevos/Marakzhevosa

DAT. Marakzhevol/Marakzhevoli

VerbsEdit

Verbs are central to Arkathian as the subject of the sentence must agree with the primary verb in gender and number. The gender of an Arkathian verb is determined by what prefix it's given, -az for masculine, -is for feminine and lack of prefix for neuter. Neuter is always used when the subject of the verb has no discernable gender. Verbs in Arkathian are conjugated based on whether their ending in the infinitive(-as, -ir, -tur, -na) and wether they are "strong" verbs or "weak" verbs. 

Kaynas, to ride(regular strong verb from the -as group)

SINGULAR

1st person: Azkanak(m.), Iskanak(f.), Kanak(n.)

2nd person: Azkanan(m.), Iskanan(f.), Kanan(n.)

3rd person: Azkana(m.), Iskana(f.), Kana(n.)

PLURAL

1st person: Azkanakan(m.), Iskanakan(f.), Kanakan(n.)

2nd person: Azkânakath(m.), Iskanakath(f.), Kanakath(n.)

3rd person: Azkanakay(m.), Iskanakay(f.), Kanakay(n.)

SyntaxEdit

In Arkathian the normal sentence structure is Verb-Object-Subject, so a standard Arkathian sentence would be written as follows:

Azjinoka ishasgalil azmarakil

The man greeted the queen

LexiconEdit

kânas: Regular Strong -as verb meaning to ride.

Makas: Regular Strong -as verb meaning to kill. 

Chekzhas: Regular Strong -as verb meaning to rule. 

Zhor: Word meaning Gold.

Azi: Word meaning Silver.

Azu-ah: Word meaning old man, although  the literall meaning is grey beard.

Marakzhevos: Noun meaning slave

Jakos: Noun meaning language

brêgos: Noun meaning horse

Chakjenos: Noun meaning people

Hasgalos: Noun meaning King

Marak: Noun meaning man

Hasulos: Noun meaning master

Jinikas: Irregular -as verb meaning to greet

Example textEdit

Azkanan azi'i brêgi azu-ahin The old man rides a silver horse.

Azchekzhana azchakjeniy azhasgali The king rules his people.

Azmakana azhasuliy azmarakzhevi The slave killed his master.

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