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Aryanas

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Aryanas - conlang with Indoeuropean lexicon and aprioric grammar, created by Vsyorad in 2009.

PhonologyEdit

VowelsEdit

aaɑ
ääæ
eee
iii
ooo
ööɵ
uuu
üüʉ

DiphtongsEdit

aiaiɑi
auauɑw
aoaoɑo
äiäiæi
äuäuæw
äoäoæo
eaea
eieiei
eueuew
eoeoeo
iuiu
oioioi
ououow
öiöiɵi
öuöuɵu
uaua
ueuewe
uiuiwi
uouowo
üaüaʉɑ
üäüäʉæ
üeüeʉe
üiüiʉi
üoüoʉo

ConsonantsEdit

bbb
c[ʝ
çcç
ddd
fff
ggg
hhx
j\ʐ
kkk
lll
mmm
nnn
ppp
rrr
sss
ş]ş
ttt
vvv
xxɣ
yyj
zzz

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

GenderEdit

  • masculine animate
  • feminine animate
  • non-human animate
  • inaminate

CasesEdit

  • 1. Nominative - subject of transitive and intransitive sentences
  • 2. Passive - subjest of passive voice
  • 3. Possessive - possessing
  • 4. Accusative - patience or obliquial case
  • 5. Partitive - after numbers; patience of imperatives and negative sentences
  • 6. Instrumentative - instrument, wav, by something
  • 7. Comitative - with something
  • 8. Ablative - from, of
  • 9. Allative - to
  • 10. Inessive - in, inside
  • 11. Adessive - at, alongside, beside, by, close
  • 12. Elative - out of something, from inside
  • 13. Illative - movement into something
  • 14. Essive - temporary state of being
  • 15. Excessive - marking a transition from a condition
  • 16. Translative - change of a condition into another
  • 17. Egressive - marking the beginning of a movement or time
  • 18. Prolative - movement using a surface or way
  • 19. Superessive - on top of, or on the surface of something
  • 20. Subessive - location under or below something
  • 21. Superlative - denote objects over which or onto the top of which another object moves (movement over or onto the top of is important here)
  • 22. Sublative - movement towards the bottomsides or the area under an object
  • 23. Durative - in time of something
  • 24. Delative - movement from the surface of something
  • 25. Intrative - amidst
  • 26. Antessive - used for marking the temporal relation of precedence or antedating
  • 27. Revertive - backwards to something
  • 28. Sociative - together
  • 29. Distantive - afar of something
  • 30. Apudessive - location next to something
  • 31. Alterative - in instead for something
  • 32. Vocative - used for addressing someone, with or without a preposition

AdjectivesEdit

Gender adjectival endingsEdit

  • masculine -as
  • feminine -a"
  • non-human animate "-o"
  • inaminate -e

Comparison of adjectivesEdit

PositiveComparativeOptimativeSuperlative
vasasvastrasvasamasvasistas
goodbetterbestbest (totally)
navasnavtrasnavamasnavistas
newnewernewestnewest (totally)

VerbsEdit

TensesEdit

  • Pluperfect
modal verb füti - 'to be' 
  • Past remote
1.

augment a- + -än-, -n-

2. suffix -än-, -n-
 
  • Past near
1.

augment a- + -än-, -n-

2. suffix -än-, -n- + person's form of past near tense
 
  • Present
- 
  • Future near
1.

augment ä- + -ez-, -z-

2. suffix -ez-, -z- + person's form of future near tense
 
  • Future remote
1.

augment ä- + -ez-, -z-

2. suffix -ez-, -z-
 
  • Future perfect tense
future form of modal verb füti 

AspectsEdit

Completive preffixation: u-, pa-Full rules are very complicated. 
Non-completive-, -ar- 
Iterative1.

reduplication of first syllable of word stem with wovel's ablaut to -e-,

2. pe-
 
Repetative2. preffix pi- 
Continuativepreffix da- 
Momentative1.

ablaut

2. suffixation: -nu-, -n-
 
Simulfactivepreffix mai-, m- 
Intentionalpreffix ra-, r- 
Intensive1.

reduplication of first syllable of word stem with enfeebling lenition a consonant in reduplicated morpheme,

2. preffix gau-, g-
 
Deminutive1. reduplication of first syllable of word stem with strengthening lenition a consonant in reduplicated morpheme

,

2. preffix yo-
 
Desiderativepreffix vo-, v- 
Conativepreffix or- 
Preparativesuffixation: -eos-, -eoş-, -ss-, -şş- 
Pausativepreffix zä-, z- 
Prospectivesuffixation: -ik- 
Fragmentativesuffixation: -aup- 
Acceptativepreffix hai-, hay- 
Correctivepreffix ön- 

MoodsEdit

Indicative- 
Inferential-oş-, -ş- 
Hypotethical-olp-, -lp- 
Conditional-em-, -m- 
Imperative[patrz niżej] 
Potentional-alv-, -lv- 
Optative-äç-, -ç- 
Cohortative-öşş-, -şş- 
Jussive-ant-, -nt- 
Promissory-ik-, -k- 
Obligative-ej-, -j- 
Energetic-apş-, -pş- 
Admitative-ah-, -h- 
Necessitative-içt-, -çt- 

Sound changes from Proto-Indo-European to AryanasEdit

In Sound Change Applier code:

@=aeiou

C=ptcqbdgmnklrhsćśγščńñŋηβǵʰm̩n̩l̩r̩
F=ieäüé
R=ouaö
A=āēīōū
L=ljyηŋl̩n̩ş
S=ptk
G=bdg
Z=szçşzj
N=mnñŋńηm̩n̩
P=ćśčńñjð
X=ouōū
Y=eiēī
V=äüöāēīōūaeiou
ḱ/ç/_
kʷ/p/_
ǵʰ/j/_
ǵ/c/_
gʰ/x/_
gʷʰ/b/_
gʷ/b/_
dʰ/t/N_
dʰ/d/_
bʰ/f/#_
bʰ/b/_
r̩/ar/_
l̩/al/_
m̩/an/_
n̩/an/_
ə/a/_
h₁eh₂/ā/_
eh₂/ā/_
uh₂/ā/_
h₂e/ā/_
h₂r/ar/_
h₂r̩/ar/_
h₂o/ā/_
h₂é/ā/_
h₂/a/_
h₃e/ō/_
uh₃/ō/_
eh₃/ō/_
h₃o/ā/_
h₃é/ā/_
h₃ó/ā/_
h₃/o/_
uh₁/ī/_
h₁s/is/_
eh₁/ē/_
h₁e/ē/_
h₁/e/_
h1eh2/ā/_
eh2/ā/_
uh2/ā/_
h2e/ā/_
h2r/ar/_
h2r̩/ar/_
h2o/ā/_
h2é/ā/_
h2/a/_
h3e/ō/_
uh3/ō/_
eh3/ō/_
h3o/ā/_
h3é/ā/_
h3ó/ā/_
h3/o/_
uh1/ī/_
h1s/is/_
eh1/ē/_
h1e/ē/_
h1/e/_
os/as/_#
om/am/_#
s//#_C
m/n/_#
oisk/aik/_(as)#
isk/ik/_(as)#
ów/āu/_
wo/ū/C_
wu/ū/C_
wa/ā/C_
we/ē/C_
wi/ī/C_
wo/ū/#_
wu/ū/#_
wa/ā/#_
we/ē/#_
wi/ī/#_
w//#_A
w//C_A
w/u/a_C
w/u/e_C
w/u/o_C
w/u/ā_C
w/u/ē_C
w/u/ō_C
w//e_e
w//i_i
w//i_e
w//e_i
w/v/_
u̯/v/_
o/ö/_
ā/a/_
ē/ä/_
ī/i/_
ō/o/_
ū/ü/_
ó/a/_
dt/st/_
tt/st/_
x/h/_S
s/z/_G
s/ş/i_
s/ş/u_
s/ş/k_
s/ş/r_
s/ş/l_
s/ş/ū_
s/ş/ī_
z/j/i_
z/j/u_
z/j/k_
z/j/r_
z/j/l_
z/j/_i
z/j/_e
z/j/_ä
z/j/ū_
z/j/ī_
s/ş/_i
s/ş/_e
s/h/#_a
kt/kş/_
pt/pş/_
t/ç/_i
d/c/_i
e/a/_N
e/a/_Z
e/ä/_l
e/ä/_r
br/rb/V_V
cr/rc/V_V
çr/rç/V_V
dr/rd/V_V
fr/rf/V_V
gr/rg/V_V
hr/rh/V_V
jr/rj/V_V
kr/rk/V_V
lr/rl/V_V
mr/rm/V_V
nr/rn/V_V
pr/rp/V_V
sr/rs/V_V
şr/rş/V_V
tr/rt/V_V
vr/rv/V_V
xr/rx/V_V
zr/rz/V_V
bl/lb/V_V
cl/lc/V_V
çl/lç/V_V
dl/ld/V_V
fl/lf/V_V
gl/lg/V_V
hl/lh/V_V
jl/lj/V_V
kl/lk/V_V
ml/lm/V_V
nl/ln/V_V
pl/lp/V_V
sl/ls/V_V
şl/lş/V_V
tl/lt/V_V
vl/lv/V_V
xl/lx/V_V
zl/lz/V_V
n/m/_b
n/m/_p
m/n/_t
m/n/_d
m/n/_k
m/n/_g
s/ç/_ç
d//#_l
d//#_n
bdl/dal/_
dl/ld/V_V
ie/ei/_
aa/a/_
ee/e/_
ii/i/_
oo/o/_
uu/u/_
y/i/V_C
y/i/V_#
i/y/V_V

u/v/V_V

LexiconEdit

Aryanas - lexicon

Example textEdit

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