Ashouctian/Consonant Mutation

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Ashouctian makes heavy use of consonant mutation in it's conjugations and when using infixes or suffixes. There are three types of mutation: the heavy mutation, the wide mutation, and the soft mutation. Each of the consonants is affected by each mutation, so this presents considerable irregularity. Mutation is reflected in the orthography. However, IPA is used in this article due to the complexity of the Ashouctian orthography. IPA is not listen in slashes or brackets as per standard notation.

The Heavy MutationEdit

When consonants undergo heavy mutation, voiceless consonants become voiced and voiced consonants become voiceless. However, because not all consonants have voiced/voiceless counterpart, this presents some irregularities in mutation. These are listed in the table below.

Input m n ŋ ŋʷ
Output p t k b
Input q t͡s t͡ʃ s
Output ʁ ʁʷ d d v d
Input ɬ x h l j w
Output l g s ɬ k

The Wide MutationEdit

When consonants undergo wide mutation, plain consonants become labialized and labialized consonants become plain. As with the heavy mutation, there are irregularities in mutation because not all consonants exist in rounded/unrounded pairs. These are listed in the table below.

Input b t͡s t͡ʃ ɬ h v l j w r
Output ʒʷ ʃʷ w j

The Soft MutationEdit

When consonants undergo soft mutation, stops and affricates become their corresponding fricative (i.e. t (voiceless alveolar stop) and t͡s (voiceless alveolar affricate) both become s (voiceless alveolar fricative)), and fricatives become their corresponding stop (i.e. s (voiceless alveolar fricative) becomes t (voiceless alveolar stop), not t͡s). Irregularities are listed in the table below.

Input m n ŋ ŋʷ d g ɬ h
Output v s x s ʁ ʁʷ d w
Input ʃ ʃʷ ʒ ʒʷ ʁ ʁʷ l j w r
Output t d g d g s s

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