< Ashouctian

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The Ashouctian language uses the Latin alphabet. The 43 consonants and 10 vowels of the language are not represented in a 1:1 grapheme to phoneme ratio, but the language can be transcribed with little ambiguity.


Despite the large number of sounds in the language, it only uses 18 letters of the Latin alphabet, but also makes use of the acute accent.

a á b c d e é f g h i í l m n o p r s t u ú

The letters are named as follows:

á bé cé dé é af gé há í al ám án ó pé ár sé té ú

Letters with the acute accent are ignored when reciting the alphabet. The language never makes use of j k q v w x y and z outside of foreign names. Loanwords are transcribed phonetically into the language. 

Ashouctianization of LoanwordsEdit

Grapheme IPA Ashouctian spelling
j /d͡ʒ/ sh
/j/ gh and strong vowel
/ʒ/ sh
k /k/ c
q(u) /k/
/kʷ/ co
v /v/ mh
w /v/
/w/ bh
/u/ u
x /ks/ cs
/x/ ch and weak vowel
y /j/ gh and strong vowel
/i/ i
z /z/ s and weak vowel


Labial Alveolar Post-alv. Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Plain Lab. Central Lat. Pl. Lab. Pl. Lab. Pl. Lab.
Pl. Lab.
Nasal m mo n no ng ngo
Stop Voiceless p po t to c co c co
Voiced b d do g go
Affricate th t
Fricative Voiceless f fo s so l s so ch cho ch cho h / fh
Voiced mh sh sho gh gho
Approximant l gh bh
Trill Voiceless rh
Voiced r

The glottal fricative is transcribed in two ways. After m, t, r, s, g, c, and b and as well after the digraphs mh, th, rh, sh, gh, ch, and bh, it is transcribed fh. It is transcribed h anywhere else.  Some graphemes represent two sounds and these constitute strong and weak sounds. Consonants are weak next to an or u. Consonants, similarly, are strong next to an e or i. O without an acute accent is not a vowel grapheme, so modifying graphemes go after the o in co. Any grapheme other than the 9 in the table below can be written next to any vowel.

Grapheme t c co s so l ch cho gh
Weak sound /t/ /k/ /kʷ/ /s/ /sʷ/ /l/ /χ/ /χʷ/ /ʁ/
Strong sound /t͡ʃ/ /q/ /qʷ/ /ʃ/ /ʃʷ/ /ɬ/ /x/ /xʷ/ /j/


Vowels, due to the presence of the strong consonants, are complex. Many of the vowels in written Ashouctian are not pronounced. 

  • Long vowels (á, é, í, ú) are always pronounced.
  • Vowels on either side of a long vowel near a strong consonant are not pronounced and are only there to satisfy orthography rules.

In the table below, W is a weak pronunciation of a strong consonant, P is a plain consonant that has a single pronunciation, and S is a strong pronunciation of a strong consonant.

a i u ː ai au e̞i
P_P a e i u á é í ú ai au ei
W_W a aeu aiu u á aéu aíu ú agh abh aegh
S_W ea eu ia iu éu ía eagh eao egh
W_S ai ae ui ue ái úe agh abh aei
S_S eai e i iue eái é í iúe eai eaui eghi

Other charactersEdit

dh is used to indicate hiatus between vowels or indicate that a grapheme normally read as a single vowel is, in fact, two separate vowels (i.e., ía /i:/ > ídha /i:.a). 

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