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Attuvish

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Attuvish
Atteuvje'ng
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Active-Stative
Head direction
right
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General InformationEdit

Attuvish (Atteuvje'ng [ʔaːtːɤvdzeˀŋ]) is the most spoken Attuf language, spoken by the semi-nomadic Attuf people across the Horn of Hacounm on the planet Patrona.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal Labiovelar
Nasal m ˀm n ˀn ŋ ˀŋ ŋm ˀŋm
Plosive p b t d k g ʔ kp gb
Fricative f v s z x ɣ h
Affricate ts dz ʔh
Approximant l j w
Trill r

m, 'm, n, 'n, ng, 'ng, nm, 'nm, p, b, t, d, k, g, ', kp, gb, f, v, s, z, kh, gh, h, c, j, ch, 'h, l, y, w, r

Note: the trill /r/ only appears in a handful of non-borrowed words, usually onomatopoeia.

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
High i ɯ u
Mid e ɤ o
Low a

i, u, ou, e, eu, o, a

StressEdit

Any one of the first three syllables may be stressed, and the stressed vowel is lengthened. Stress is not usually marked, but it will be here in new words, but not if it's on the first syllable.

NounsEdit

class sg pa pl transl.
-C may'n mayneu mayneuf person
-V nikpágba nikpágbeu nikpágbaf
apophony I jóus jís
apophony II 'houóf 'huéf spirit
mass noun poro'ngémi math

VerbsEdit

Person circumfixesEdit

Nonfuture tense:

sg pa pl
1ex ya-i ya-ida
1in - in-ima in-ida
2 me-i me-ida
3 0-a ka-a peu-a

Future inferential tense:

sg pa pl
1ex 0-iya 0-idaya
1in - 0-imayn 0-idayn
2 0-ime 0-idame
3 o-a 0-aka 0-apeu

Future intentive tense:

sg pa pl
1ex ta-iya ta-idaya
1in - ta-imayn ta-idayn
2 ta-ime ta-idame
3 to-a ta-aka ta-apeu

Tense/Aspect infixesEdit

Voice infixesEdit

SyntaxEdit

SVO

VocabularyEdit

NumeralsEdit

Decimal system:

# name 10+# #*10
0 hun sippóu
1 neung sippóuneung sippóu
2 heung sippóuheung heunsip
3 ha'm sippóuha'm ha'nsip
4 hi sippóuhi hissip
5 sa sippóusa sassip
6 saneu' sippóuso' sosip
7 saheu' sippóuche' chesip
8 saha' may'n pesip
9 gawsippou sippóugaw gawsip
10 sippóu heunsip aghudóuleu

A peculiarity of Attuf languages is the fact that most have simple words for several unsimple numbers. The additional simplex numerals in Attuvish are for 25 (compound for 75), 18 (compounds for 36 and 54), 45, 200 (compound for 400), and a few others which have completely fallen out of use.

# name meaning
18 may'n person/man
25 daláwa arch. quarter
36 heung-mayneu two people
45 figba' ?
54 ha'm-mayneu three people
75 ha'm-daláweu three quarters
200 vizia silver
400 heung-vizieu two silvers

Example textEdit

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