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Ausi is a language spoken by about 7 000 native speakers in the city-state of Ausia on the planet Kaitagi.

(Do note: This is still WIP and if you have any questions or suggestions post them in the comments)

(I suck at this so I am open to suggestions. TY)

Ausi
Ausi
Type Agglutinative
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Mixed
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 2%
Statistics
Nouns 6%
Verbs 5%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and DialectsEdit

There are no official dialects even though there are some really minor differences in pronunciation between western (higher) and eastern (lower) part of the city, which are mostly overlooked and are considered the same dialect.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d c k g
Fricative f v s z h
Affricate
Approximant j
Lateral app. l

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Back
Close i u
Near-close
Close-mid e o
Open a

PhonotacticsEdit

Two Consonants cannot be next to each other unless they belong to a different syllable.

If, by any case, two of the same letter are next to each other, they are merged into one.

Syllables can only have up to two consonants and one vowel.

Most nouns end in a vowel.

Writing SystemEdit

Letter a b c d e f g h i j k l
Sound /a/ /b/ /c/ /d/ /e/ /f/ /g/ /h/ /i/ /j/ /k/ /l/
Letter m n o p s t u v z
Sound /m/ /n/ /o/ /p/ /s/ /t/ /u/ /v/ /z/

GrammarEdit

Pronouns Edit

Personal pronouns Edit

Personal pronouns are associated with a certain person, thing or group.

Personal pronouns do not fully decline. They have only Nominative and Accusative case.

Personal pronouns(Singular) Edit
singular 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
nominative Anvi Suovi Govi
accusative Anve Suove Gove

The declination of pronouns is regular and all the pronouns have ending -i in nominative and -e in accusative.

Personal pronouns(dual) Edit
dual 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
nominative Banvi Besuovi Begovi
accusative Banve Besuove Begove

Dual is formed by adding the prefix b(e)- to the stem of the pronoun

Personal pronouns(plural) Edit
plural 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
nominative Sanvi Sasuovi Sagovi
accusative Sanve Sasuove Sagove

Plural is formed by adding s(a)- to the stem of the pronoun

Personal pronouns(collective) Edit
collective 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
nominative Sabanvi Sabesuovi Sabegovi
accusative Sabanve Sabesuove Sabegove

Collective is formed by adding sab(e)- to the stem of the pronoun.

Note: The last vowel of the added part is missing when the stem begins with a vowel.

Indefinite pronouns Edit

Indefinite pronouns are referring to one or more unspecified objects, beings or places

Indefinite pronouns are formed irregularly.

no- some- any- every-
-thing Kainu Eusti Vanka Tolok
-one Kaisi Poitu Baika Saisi
-where Gastu Hoiki Paiste Douli

Indefinite pronouns go with the verb in third person singular.

Reflexive Pronouns Edit

Refexive pronouns state that the subject in the sentence is also the object of it.

There is only one pronoun which can go with no matter who the subject(s) is/are.

That pronoun is Aisu.

Possessive pronouns Edit

Possessive pronouns state the ownership of the subject.

They only have the possessive case.

Number Singular Dual Plural Collective
Person First Second Third First Second Third First Second Third First Second Third
Possessive Anuh Anus Anut Banuh Banus Banut Senuh Senus Senut Basenuh Basenus Basenut

Demonstative pronouns Edit

Demonstrative pronouns are used to point to something specific in a sentence.

Singular Plural
Near Baisi Baisiti
Far Tabaisi Tabaisiti

NounsEdit

Nouns mostly end with a vowel, even though there are some which end with a consonant.

There are two declination groups: Strong(Regular, Vowel) and Weak(Irregular, Consonant).

Weak nouns are called irregular because they do not follow the main rule of declination, modifying the ending to fit itself better.

Cases Edit

Nominative Edit

Nominative case marks the subject of the sentence. It is the form of the sentence located in a dictionary.

Accusative Edit

Accusative case marks the object of the sentence.

Instructive Edit

Instructive answers to the question "how" and it is mostly answered as "by means of ...".

Instrumental Edit

Instrumental answers to the question "with who? with which thing?" it is mostly answered as "with ...".

Partitive Edit

Partitive case is used for specifying amounts.

Translative Edit

Translative case is used for changing a condition.

Abessive Edit

Abessive case is used for specifying a lack of something.

Genitive Edit

Genitive case is used to show relationships and structure.

Causal Edit

Causal case is used to the cause for something.

Possessive Edit

Possessive case is used to specify direct possession of something.

Comitative Edit

Comitative case is used to denote accompaniment.

Inessive Edit

Inessive case carries the meaning "in ...".

Intrative Edit

Intrative case carries the meaning "between ...".

Ablative Edit

Ablative case carries the meaning "away from ...".

Elative Edit

Elative case carries the meaning "out of ...".

Initiative Edit

Initiative case denotes the starting point of the action.

Terminative Edit

Terminative case denotes the ending point of the action

Locative Edit

Locative cases are all other ways of expressing location, and are basically formed by adding an adverbial before the verb. The adverbial is an adverb which indicates the location.

Numbers Edit

Singular Edit

Only one

Plural Edit

More

Collective Edit

All of them

VerbsEdit

There are four regular verb types.

The verb's group can be seen from it's infinitive.

Infinitive Edit

The basic form of the verb.

There are four infinitive groups. They are:

1.Vowel-vowel(it's first letter is a vowel as well as it's last)

2.Vowel-consonant(it's first letter is a vowel, it's last is a consonant)

3.Consonant-vowel(it's first letter is a consonant, it's last is a vowel)

4.Consonant-consonant(it's first letter is a consonant as well as it's last)

They all have different conjugations.

Person Edit

Indicates the doer of the action in the verb.

1st person Edit

The speaker(s).

Has the following endings:

Singular: -an

Plural: -aman

2nd person Edit

The listener(s).

Has the following endings:

Singular: -suo

Plural: -amasuo

3rd person Edit

Neither the speaker(s) nor the listener(s).

Has the following endings:

Singular: -go

Plural: -amigo

Number Edit

Indicates the amount of subjects doing the action

Singular Edit

Only one entity is doing the action

Person Type I Type II Type III Type IV
Infinitive Andala Istam Houli Tilak
First Andala-an Istam-i*-an Huoli-an Tilak-i*-an
Second Andala-suo Istam-i*-suo Houli-suo Tilak-i*-suo
Third Andala-go Istam-i*-go Huoli-go Tilak-i*-go

*-if the verb ends with a consonants it adds between the stem and the ending the first vowel of the stem of the verb.

The verbs do not need the personal pronoun by it, because it is clear who is doing the action.

Since all the personal pronouns in nominative end in -vi, it is removed, and the stem is added as an ending to the verb.

Plural Edit

More enitities are doing the action.

Person I II III IV
Inf. Andala Istam Huoli Tilak
1. Andala-(a)*m(a)*-an Istam-am(a)*-an Huoli-am(a)*-an Tilak-am(a)*-an
2. Andala-(a)*ma-suo Istam-ama-suo Huoli-ama-suo Tilak-ama-suo
3. Andala-(a)*-ma-go Istam-ama-go Huoli-ama-go Tilak-ama-go

In the plural, the suffix -ama- is added between the stem and the ending.

*-When two same letter are next to each other they fuse into one.

Voice Edit

Describe the relationship between the action and participants in the said action.

Active Edit

The action done is important (In most other languages the doer of the action is important).

Passive Edit

It is not important who is doing the action but rather on whom the action is done.

Antipassive Edit

(The doer of the action is important, and on whom the action is done is unimportant.

Mood Edit

Indicate a state of being.

Indicative Edit

Indicates that the action is being done.

Imperative Edit

Expresses command.

Interrogative Edit

Indicates Interrogation.

Conditional Edit

Indicates wishes and desires.

Hypothetical Edit

Indicates something that might have happened but didn't.

Tense Edit

Expresses the time the action was done

Present Edit

Indicates that the action is done now

Present Simple Edit

Indicates that the action is being done now.

Present Progressive Edit

Indicates that the action takes some time to finish.

Hodiernal tense Edit

The action that will be done that day(not known when)

Past Edit

Indicates the action that was done.

Past Simple Edit

Indicates the action done at some point in the past

Past Progressive Edit

Indicates the action that was done for a longer period of time

Pluperfect Edit

Indicates the action in the past done before another action in the past (Past Perfect in English)

Imperfect Edit

Indicates the action that began in the past and is unfinished by the time of the speaking.

Hesternal tense Edit

Indicates the action that was done the day before.

Future Edit

Indicates the action that has not yet began and will do so at some later time

Future Edit

The action that will be done later(not known when)

Crastinal tense Edit

The action that will be done the day after.

Aspect Edit

Indicates whether the action is on going or completed.

Finished aspect Edit

Indicates the action has finished

Started aspect Edit

Indicates the action that started and is still happening

Unstarted aspect Edit

Indicates that the action has not yet started.

Gnomic aspect Edit

Indicates general truths

SyntaxEdit

Sentence structure Edit

The sentence structure is VSO in active voice, OV in passive voice and SV in antipassive voice.

VocabularyEdit

Verbs
Ausi English
Andala To be
Istam To run
Houli To hide
Tilak To talk

Example textEdit