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Ayaryé

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Observation: This language will no more be developed.

Ayaryé
Created by: A. Anydoros  2010 
Setting and usage: Not yet known
Total speakers: 1
Category (purpose): constructed language
 artistic language
  Ayaryé 
Category (sources): a posteriori language
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: art
ISO 639-3:


Ayaryé (meaning "Language of the Light") is an agglutinative language created by Agammenon Anydoros. Some interesting features of Ayaryé include the presence of five nasalized vowels and its complex verbal conjugation and declension. Its phonology features 19 consonants and 13 vowels.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Pulmonic ConsonantsEdit

There are 19 pulmonic consonants.

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive p b t d k g
Nasal m n
Trill r
Flap ɾ
Fricative f v ɵ s z ʃ ʒ h
Lateral approximant l

VowelsEdit

There are 13 vowels, 8 oral and 5 nasal.

Front Back Center
Close i ĩ u ũ
Close-mid e ẽ o õ
Center ə
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a ã

SemivowelsEdit

There is one semivowel.

Front
Close j

PhonotacticsEdit

Restrictions and possible combinations of phomemes (consonants or vowels) in the Ayaryé language.

Consonantal ClustersEdit

Only the following 12 clusters are permitted:

k g t d
ɾ
n kn tn dn
s ks ts
l kl gl tl

DiphthongsEdit

There are 16 diphthongs.

j final j initial
a aj ja
ã
e ej je
jẽ
ɛ ɛj
o oj jo
õ
u uj ju
ũ
ə əj

TriphthongsEdit

There are 30 triphthongs.

a e ɛ o u ə
aj aja aje ajɛ ajo aju ajə
ej eja eje ejɛ ejo eju ejə
oj oja oje ojɛ oju ojo ojə
uj uja uje ujɛ ujo uju ujə
əj əja əje əjɛ əjo əju əjə

StressEdit

Stress is given accordingly to the following rules:

  • In all words except verbs, the penultimate syllable is stressed.
  • In verbs, always the last syllable - that of the suffix(es) - is stressed.
  • Exceptions to these rules are noted by accents given to the vowels, indicating which syllable to be stressed.

OrthographyEdit

AlphabetEdit

The alphabet is composed of 33 letters, in upper and lower case.

MajusculesEdit

A Á Ä B C D E É È F G H I Í J K L M N O Ó Ò P R S T U Ú V Z Y Ý Ÿ

MinusculesEdit

a á ä b c d e é è f g h i í j k l m n o ó ò p r s t u ú v z y ý ÿ

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive p b t d k g
Nasal m n (nn)
Trill rh
Flap r
Fricative f (ff) v th s (ss) z sh (sch) j h
Lateral approximant l (ll)

The phoneme /s/ has two alternate transliterations:

  • Between vowels, it becames "ss"
  • Before vowels e, é, i, y or ý (including diphthongs and triphthongs that start with those letters), /s/ can be optionally transliterated as "c".

Also the phonemes /n/, /f/, /sh/ and /l/ have alternate transliterations, that belong to the Classical period of the language. After some time, the ortography of the language suffered a reformation and those classical forms transformed in the shortened forms (n, f, sh and l).

Consonant ClustersEdit

k g t d
ɾ kr gr tr dr
n kn tn dn
s ks ts
l kl gl tl

VowelsEdit

Vowels between parenthesis ( ) indicate a stressed syllable.

Combinations of vowel + n are transliterations of the 5 nasal vowels, only if that combination is not followed by another vowel.

For example: tayan (to study) is transcribed phonetically as ['tajã].

Front Back Center
Close i (í) in u (ú) un
Close-mid e (è) en o (ò) on
Center ä
Open-mid é ó
Open a (á) an

SemivowelsEdit

Vowels between parenthesis ( ) indicate a stressed syllable.

Front
Close y (ý)

DiphthongsEdit

i final i initial
a ay ya
an yan
e ey ye
en yen
ɛ éy
in i'i i'in
o oy yo
on yon
u uy yu
un yun
ä äy

TriphthongsEdit

Triphthongs have always stress in the first vowel, unless accented otherwise.

a e é o u ä
ay aya aye ayé ayo ayu ayä
ay eya eye eyé eyo eyu eyä
éy éya éye éyé éyo éyu éyä
oy oya oye oyé oyu oyo oyä
uy uya uye uyé uyo uyu uyä
äy äya äye äyé äyo äyu äyä

GrammarEdit

There are no articles or prepositions, since the case morphology will satisfy the needs of those.

MorphologyEdit

Lexical MorphologyEdit

Word formation is primarily executed using infixes.

NounsEdit

Nouns are the base for declension, which is made through sufixes only.

Nominal DeclensionEdit

See main article: Ayaryé nominal declension

Nouns suffer declension for more than 10 cases and are inflected for number (singular, dual, plural) and gender (masculine, feminine and neuter).

Verbal DeclensionEdit

See main article: Ayaryé verbal conjugation

Ayaryé features 7 inflections that vary accordingly to number, gender and person.

The verbal conjugation has two innovative categories, which are the emotional and physical state before, during or after the action. For example, the sentence


She sent him scented letters yesterday and she feels optimistic after doing so


would be in Ayaryé something composed by only four words:


send he scent letter


Which, with its inflections, is more or less the following:


send-HESTERNAL PAST-PERF.[3RD.PERSON/FEMIN./SING.]-he-DAT scent-ADJ. letter-ACC.


Also, compound verbs are formed by two or more verbs joined. Usually the first verb is inflected and the following not inflected.

For example, the sentence


She wanted to test her husband.


Would be something like


want-test husband.


Which, with its respective verbal inflections and nominal declensions, is:


want-IMPRECISE PAST-IMPERF.[3RD.PERS./FEMIN./SING.]-test husband-ACC.-POSS.[3RD.PERS/FEMIN/SING]


We notice by that structure that Ayaryé is a pronoun dropping language.

That means that the English sentence "It rained yesterday" in Ayaryé would be a sentence composed by just an inflected verb (rain-HESTERNAL PAST-PERF.[3rdPERSON/SING/NEUTER]).

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