Ayaryé/verbal conjugation

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Verbs can be conjugated (or inflected) for several grammatical categories as:

  • Tense
  • Aspect
  • Mood
  • Polarity
  • Voice
  • Physical state
  • Emotional state

All the inflections above are modified for three key categories:

  • gender
  • person
  • number

Verbal AffixesEdit



  • Precative (Asking nicely for something. Please help me here.)
  • Imperative (Demanding something. Help me here now!)
  • Conditional (Possibility of an action. I would like help. I would do that.)
  • Admirative (Express emotions.)
    • Doubt
    • Certainty
  • Interrogative (To ask a question.)
  • Volitive
    • Weak desire (I would like that to happen.)
    • Strong desire (I want that to happen!)
  • Consequential (If she gets that, we will be screwed.)
  • Subjunctive (If I were the President...)


  • Yes (for emphasis)
  • Always
  • No
  • Never


  • Passive
  • Reflexive




  • Immediate (0>10 minutes ago)
  • Hodiernal (some time earlier in the same day)
  • Hesternal:
    • Yesterday
    • The day before yesterday
    • Two days before yesterday
  • Recent:
    • Up to 1 week ago
    • Up to 1 month ago
    • Up to 6 months ago
    • Up to 1 year ago
    • Up to 5 years ago
    • Up to 10 years ago
    • More than 10 years ago
    • Imprecise



  • Immediate (up to 10 minutes after)
  • Hodiernal (some time later in the same day)
  • After Today:
    • Tomorrow
    • The day after tomorrow
    • Two days after tomorrow
  • Near:
    • Up to 1 week ahead
    • Up to 1 month ahead
    • Up to 6 months ahead
    • Up to 1 year ahead
    • Up to 5 years ahead
    • Up to 10 years ahead
    • More than 10 years ahead
  • Imprecise


  • Perfective (I ate. [action completed])
  • Imperfective (I ate vegetables every Sunday.)
  • Progressive (I have been eating (present), I had been eating (past))
  • Immediate (I am shopping.)
  • Habitual (Tuesdays I go shopping.)
  • Generic (Fruits grown in trees.)

Emotional StateEdit

  • Before the Action
  • During the Action
  • After the Action
  • Before and during the action
  • During and after the action
  • Before, during and after the action
Primary emotion Secondary emotion Tertiary emotions
LoveAffectionAdoration, affection, love, fondness, liking, attraction, caring, tenderness, compassion, sentimentality
LustArousal, desire, lust, passion, infatuation
Happiness, JoyCheerfulnessAmusement, bliss, cheerfulness, gaiety, glee, jolliness, joviality, joy, delight, enjoyment, gladness, happiness, jubilation, elation, satisfaction, ecstasy, euphoria
ZestEnthusiasm, zeal, zest, excitement, thrill, exhilaration
ContentmentContentment, pleasure
PridePride, triumph
OptimismEagerness, hope, optimism
EnthrallmentEnthrallment, rapture
SurpriseSurpriseAmazement, surprise, astonishment
AngerIrritationAggravation, irritation, agitation, annoyance, grouchiness, grumpiness
ExasperationExasperation, frustration
RageAnger, rage, outrage, fury, wrath, hostility, ferocity, bitterness, hate, scorn, spite, vengefulness, dislike, resentment
DisgustDisgust, revulsion, contempt, loathing
EnvyEnvy, jealousy
SadnessSufferingAgony, suffering, hurt, anguish
SadnessDepression, despair, hopelessness, gloom, glumness, sadness, unhappiness, grief, sorrow, woe, misery, melancholy
DisappointmentDismay, disappointment, displeasure
ShameGuilt, shame, regret, remorse
NeglectAlienation, isolation, neglect, loneliness, rejection, homesickness, defeat, dejection, insecurity, embarrassment, humiliation, insult
SympathyPity, sympathy
FearHorrorAlarm, shock, fear, fright, horror, terror, panic, hysteria, mortification
NervousnessAnxiety, nervousness, tenseness, uneasiness, apprehension, worry, distress, dread

Physical StateEdit

  • Energetic
  • Focus
  • Confusion
  • Somnolence
  • Stupor
  • Unconsciousness
  • Amnesia
  • Dizziness
  • Tiredness
  • Boredom

  • Before the Action
  • During the Action
  • After the Action
  • Before and during the action
  • During and after the action
  • Before, during and after the action

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