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Ayeyarok'þ

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Herds Man's Tongue, Urdcax, Old Tongue
Ayeyarok'þ
Type
Agglutinative-Polysynthetic
Alignment
Fluid-S
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
Yes
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
5
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


This page is redundant, I will be recreating this page using the new layout.

General informationEdit

abs marker ergative v mood tense/aspect erb instrumental locative allative illative




PhonologyEdit

Consonants Edit

Bilabial dental Retroflex Palatal Velar Velo-pharyngeal Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal [m] m̥ [n] n [nh] n̥ ɳ̊ʰˠ [ng/ny]
Implosive nasal [m'] mʼ [n'] nʼ
Plosive b  bʷ  t d
tʷ dʷ
ʈ ɖ
ʈʷ ɖʷ
c ɟ
cʷ ɟʷ
kˡ gˡ
kʷ gʷ
q ɢ
qʷ ɢʷ
ʡ ʡʷ ʔ ʔʷ
Implosive or ejective

ɓ [b'] ɓʷ [bw']

ɓ̥ [p]

tʼ ɗ
tʼʷ ɗʷ
ʈʼ ᶑ
ʈʼʷ ᶑʷ
cʼ ʄ
cʼʷ ʄʷ
kʼ ɠ
kʼʷ ɠʷ
qʼ ʛ
qʼʷ ʛʷ
Fricative ɸ [f] βˡ [v]
ɸʷ [fw] βʷ [vw]
θ ð
θʷ ðʷ
s̪ z̪
s̪ʷ z̪ʷ
ʂ ʐ
ʂʷ ʐʷ
ç ʝ
çʷ ʝʷ
[kh] x [gh] ɣ
[khw] xʷ [ghw] ɣʷ
ʩ [qh] χ
[qhw] χʷ
ħ ʕ
ħʷ ʕʷ
ʜ ʢ
ʜʷ ʢʷ
Impl. or eject. fric. βʼ [v']
βʼʷ [vw']
θʼ ðʼ
θʼʷ ðʼʷ
s̪ʼ z̪ʼ
s̪ʼʷ z̪ʼʷ
ʂʼ ʐʼ
ʂʼʷ ʐʼʷ
çʼ ʝʼ
çʼʷ ʝʼʷ
 ɣʼ
ɣʼʷ
χʼ ʁʼ
χʼʷ ʁʼʷ
Affricate ts dz
tsʷ dzʷ
ʈʂ ɖʐ
ʈʂʷ ɖʐʷ
Impl. or eject. affr. pɸʼ [pf] pɸʼʷ [pfw] tsʼ dzʼ
tsʼʷ [tsw'] dzʼʷ [dzw']
ʈʂʼ ɖʐʼ
ʈʂʼʷ ɖʐʼʷ
kxʼ kxʼʷ qχʼ qχʼʷ
Approximant j̊ ɥ ɰ ʍ
Lateral trill ʙˡ [br] ↓ɽ͡r̥ˡ
Lateral flap ɽˡ
Lateral fric. ɬ' [ɫ'] ɮ [ɫ]

ɬʷ [ɫhw] ɮʷ [ɫw]

[ʎ̝̊]1 ʟ̝̊ ʟ̝
ʟ̝̊ʷ ʟ̝ʷ
Eject. lat. affr. tɬʼ [tl] tɬʼʷ [tlw] kʟ̝̊ʼ kʟ̝̊ʼʷ
Lateral app.
Clicks ǀ [1]  ǁ [x] ! [!] ‼  ǂ
Eject.-contour clicks ǁqʼ [x']  !qʼ [!'

ǁkxʼ [kx'] gǁkxʼ [gx']

Ejective fricatives cannot appear in the syllable onset. They are almost always in the middle or rarely at the end of words, with an exception of /s' sw' çʼ çʼʷ θʼ θʼʷ/. 1] /j̊/, written y, is pronounced [ʎ̝̊] at the beginning of words.

VowelsEdit

There are 48 vowels in Urdcax.

Central Back
Close ɨ ɨ̃ ɨ˞ ɨ̰
ʉ ʉ̃ ʉ˞ ʉ̰
ɯ ɯ̃ ɯ˞ ɯ̰
u ũ u˞ ṵ
Close-mid ɘ ɘ̃ ɘ˞ ɘ̰
ɵ ɵ̃ ɵ˞ ɵ̰
Mid ə ə̃ ɚ ə̰
Open-mid ʌ ʌ̃ ʌ˞ ʌ̰
ɔ ɔ̃ ɔ˞ ɔ̰
Open ä ä̃ ä˞ ä̰ ɑ ɑ̃ ɑ˞ ɑ̰
ɒ ɒ̃ ɒ˞ ɒ̰

Note: vowels in between voiceless consonants become voiceless themselves.

TonesEdit

high tone

noun adjective

midtone

noun verb

lowtone

noun noun

bottomtone

noun adjective patient

fallingtone

purpose adjective

low falling tone

purpose verb

low rising tone

purpose adjactive patient

dipping tone

purpose noun

ñö ñö ñö ñö ñö ñö ñö ñö

nosey

nosing nose nosed smelly smelling smelled smell

The Urdcax writing system is a mixture of logographic and featural, It uses logographic for the lexical morphemes whilst grammitcal morphemes are written in the featural alphabet. I do not have a standard romanization for urdcax mainly because of the large amount of sounds not found in many languages. 

PhonotacticsEdit

The herder tongue s principally a polysyllabic language with very laxed consonant cluster rules, however many lexical words and grammitcal words indiviusal are monosyllabic however must comprise of entirely consonants or vowels for example kǩlhwʔ /kxʼʟ̝̊ʷ/. Also the phrase he had in his poessesion a bunchberry plant. it is in fact, [Tlkxx'üǩhhil þǩäşþqtaeč̓] 

AlphabetEdit

Featural consonantsEdit

verbal morphologyEdit

Cheese because its my page and I can write this

direction markers (verbal affixes not locative nouns.)

suffixes

ņm out of x
m̨n in x
ñņ upon (touching) x
nn towards x
m'a over (not touching) x
řw' across
sh under
kl beside
jhǀ away
ŗŗï north
ŗï north north east
ŗi north east east
iŗ east
ïȑȑ south east
ïȑ south south east
ïr south
klï south south west
klïr south west west
rïkl west
şïrw north west west
ⱬarw north north west
upwards õq̓
downwards
turns
turn left
turn right
tsaad verb type example

dzaad

(voice or unvoice initial consonant)

wish vwäⱬdzaad I wish to stand

dz'aad

(voice and glottalise initial consonant labialise if implosive is not found)

possibility

vwäⱬdz'aad

I may stand

tsaad

(unvoice initial consonant

real

vwäⱬtsaad

I am standing

ts'aad

(glottalised voiceless initial consonat, labialise if ejective correspoding consonant cannot be)

deed/command

vwäⱬts'aad

I shalt stand

saad interrogative can you sit
Tense   infix  gnomic habitual repative completed inceptive aorist failed
ñ (unknowen future) ñsh' ñw  ñk ñq ñ  ñn' ñt
hev (known future) häv hav hov huv hev hüv hiv
hel (present) häl hal hol hül hel hil hál
heh (near present) häh hah hoh hüh heh hih háh
hul (parallel) hälh halh holh hülh hulh hilh hálh
hèè (known past) haä haa hii hoo hèè  ha̧a̧ hėė
höö (unknown past) hȩȩ hää hüü hãã hơơ hįį hą̈ą̈

nominalEdit

noun/honour classes

superior

osv

unsure superior

vso

formal euqual

sov

informal

equal

vos

inferior formal

ovs

inferior

informal

svo

God, spirits, weather, nature -br [ümberq't'anbr]

-r

[uar]

none none none none
male humans and higher male animals

-b  [kx'lwʔok'b]

-ḍ [tlmaoḍ]

-j [sk'ʡaallrrtsk'orj

-d g Ø
female humans and higher female animals -b' [kx'lwʔaphb'] -ḍ' [amtloḍ] -j' [ -d' g' Ø
small animals and insects none none ǧ Ø
plants and others none none -ȷ' -ð' ǧ' Ø
Person system                      
                                                                                                                                                                                          
first person  second person third person
agentive singular 1st person agentive  singular second person  agentive singular third person tǩ

bw [1s God,spirits]

vw [1s male/female]

bw' [small animals and insects]

m' [nature and others except trees]

è [2s God and spirits]

èa [2s male/female]

èu [small and insects]

èo [nature and others]

tǩ [3s God and    spirits]

dǩ [3s male/female] 

þǩ [3s small animals and insects]

ṭ'ǩ [3s nature and others]

objective singular 1st person objective singular second person  objectve singular 

pw' [1s God, spirits]

fw    [1s male/female]

pfw' [small animals and insects]

m̨     [nature and others except trees]

é [2s God,spirits]

éa [2s male/female]

éu [small and insects]

éo [nature and others

dǧ [3s God and spirits]

tǧ [3s male/female]

ðǧ [3s small and insects]

ḍǧ [3s nature and others]

agentive plural exclusive 1st person gw agentive plural second person  agentive plural third person 

řw' [1px God and spirits]

gw [1px male/female]

gw'     [small animals and insects]

řw' [1px nature and others]

ⱬ [2p God and spirits]

ⱬa [2p male/female]

ⱬu [2p small animals and insects]

ⱬo [2p nature and others]

sl [3p God and spirits] 

sla [3p male/female]

slu [3p small animals and insects]

slo [nature and others]

objective plural exclusive 1st person

q̓w [1px God and spirits]

qw [1px male/female]

qx' [1px nature and others]

ř' [1px small animals and insects]


objective plural second person

ş [2p God and spirits]

şa [2p male/female]

şu [2p nature and others]

şo [2p small animals

objecitve plural third person 

zl  [3p God and spirits] 

zla [3p male/female]

zlu [3p small animals and insects]

zlo  [nature and others]

agentive plural inclusive 1st person

w [1pi God and spirirts





'w [1pi male/female]

\w [1pi nature and others]

w [1pi small animals and insects]

objective plural inclusive 1st person

hw [1pi God and spirits]

ḧw [1pi male/female]

ǩw [1pi nature and others]

qhw [1pi small animals and insects]

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snytaxEdit

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Noun morphologyEdit

Ergative     äⱬ/äş the   agent of a  transitve verb and active intransitve verbs
absolutive-dative üǧ/üǩ the patinet of transtive verbs
illative ļ/l the motion inside something
allative üq̓'/üř' the motion to something
instrumently h/ʢ the object used to carry out the verb
benefective ãṭ'/ãḍ' for something
gentive þ/ð the poesser of another object
locative eč̓/eȷ the location of the sentence
ablative d/t motion from an object
translative ḧ/ʕ to turn something to something else
abessive ãm̨/ãm without something
cometive f/v with something
causative s/z the cause

numbers and technical termsEdit

Ayeyarokth has a unique base 16 counting system, it thus has unique technical terms, words for things such planes, computers and cars are all compounds derived from Ayeyarokth morphemes rather than English words. A plane has different names depending on if its, landing, taking off or in midair. The language contains a calendar in which the most important time is the metonic cycle of nineteen years. The language uses both Babylonian seconds, minutes and hours it also has its own base 16 seconds, minutes and hours. The language uses 12 months per year, each month has three to four weeks there are 52 weeks in a year. Ayeyarokth uses case marking for numbers, a mathematical sentaces must always work exactly like a normal sentence. For example, two plus two equals four is of the osv pattern due to four by being a higher number to two. oqüǩbrodäɀnçzodozg; literally it is [four absloutive superior two ergative create two plus instrumental] so it could be written as 4 2 = 2+ but that is confusing and weird so it is normally just written as 2+2=4 but that is still confusing for it is not two plus two its four is created by 2 using additional 2.  

1 ot

2 od

3 og  4 oq 5 ots 6 otl 7 olh 8 or 9 ov 10 o' 11 opf  12 ob 13 ow

14

o/

15

okl

16

or̓

17 tot

18 tod

19 tog

20 toq 21 tots 22 totl 23 tolh 24 tor 25 tov 26 to' 27 topf 28 tob 29 tow 30 to/ 31 tokl 32 to
33 dot 34 dod 35 dog 36 doq 37 dots 38 dotl 39 dolh 40 dor 41 dov 42 do' 43 dopf 44 dob 45 dow 46 do/ 47 dokl 48 dor̓
49 got 50 god   51 gog 52 goq 53 gots 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64
65 qot 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80
81tsot 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96
97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112
113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 135 126 127 128
129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144
145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160
161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176
177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192
193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208
209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224
225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240
241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256

Here is good list of technological terms 

plane

Tlřw'halhusueşveȷ  

Tlõhalhusueşveȷ  
computor
calculator
car
train

volcabularyEdit

English Ayeyarokth
1 I
2 thou

(singular)

3 he
4 we
5 you

(plural)

6 they
7 this
8 that
9 here
10 there
11 who
12 what
13 where
14 when
15 how
16 not
17 all
18 many
19 some
20 few
21 other
22 one
23 two
24 three
25 four
26 five
27 big
28 long
29 wide
30 thick
31 heavy
32 small
33 short
34 narrow
35 thin
36 woman ap
37 man

(adult male)

ok'
38 man

(human being)

Addam
39 child

(a youth)

40 wife
41 husband
42 mother
43 father
44 animal
45 fish
46 bird
47 dog
48 louse
49 snake
50 worm
51 tree
52 forest
53 stick

(of wood)

54 fruit
55 seed
56 leaf
57 root
58 bark

(of tree)

59 flower
60 grass
61 rope
62 skin

(of a person)

63 meat

(as in flesh)

64 blood
65 bone
66 fat

(noun)

67 egg
68 horn
69 tail
70 feather

(rather not down)

71 hair
72 head
73 ear
74 eye
75 nose
76 mouth
77 tooth

(rather not molar)

78 tongue
79 fingernail
80 foot
81 leg
82 knee
83 hand
84 wing
85 belly
86 guts
87 neck
88 back
89 breast
90 heart
91 liver
92 to drink
93 to eat
94 to bite
95 to suck
96 to spit
97 to vomit
98 to blow

(as wind)

99 to breathe
100 to laugh
101 to see
102 to hear
103 to know

(a fact)

104 to think
105 to smell

(sense odor)

106 to fear
107 to sleep
108 to live
109 to die
110 to kill
111 to fight
112 to hunt

(transitive)

113 to hit
114 to cut
115 to split
116 to stab

(or stick)

117 to scratch

(an itch)

118 to dig
119 to swim
120 to fly
121 to walk
122 to come
123 to lie

(as on one's side)

124 to sit
125 to stand
126 to turn

(change direction)

127 to fall

(as in drop)

128 to give
129 to hold

(in one's hand)

130 to squeeze
131 to rub
132 to wash
133 to wipe
134 to pull
135 to push
136 to throw
137 to tie
138 to sew
139 to count
140 to say
141 to sing
142 to play
143 to float
144 to flow
145 to freeze
146 to swell
147 sun
148 moon
149 star
150 water
151 to rain
152 river
153 lake
154 sea

(as in ocean)

155 salt
156 stone
157 sand
158 dust
159 earth

(as in soil)

160 cloud
161 fog
162 sky
163 wind

(as in breeze)

164 snow
165 ice
166 smoke
167 fire
168 ash
169 to burn

(intransitive)

170 road
171 mountain
172 red
173 green
174 yellow
175 white
176 black
177 night
178 day

(daytime)

179 year
180 warm

(as in weather)

181 cold

(as in weather)

182 full
183 new
184 old
185 good
186 bad
187 rotten

(as a log)

188 dirty
189 straight
190 round
191 sharp

(as a knife)

192 dull

(as a knife)

193 smooth
194 wet
195 dry

(adjective)

196 right

(correct)

197 near
198 far
199 right

(side)

200 left

(side)

201 at
202 in
203 with

(accompanying)

204 and
205 if
206 because
207 name

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