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Bédarqát

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Bédarqát
Bédarqát
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Bédarqát is a language native to Bédarkóm. It's also spoken by immigrants in other countries, especially in Aratkom.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m [m] n [n] ɳ [nn] ɲ [ñ] ŋ [ŋ]
Plosive p b [p b] t d [t d] ʈ ɖ [tt dd] c ɟ [c jj] k g [k g] q [q] ʔ [']
Fricative ɸ β [f v] θ ð [þ ð] s z [s z] ʃ ʒ [š ž] ʂ ʐ [ss zz] ç ʝ [ç j] x ɣ [x gg] χ [xx] ʜ [hh] h [h]
Affricate ts dz [ts dz] qχ [qx]
Approximant ʋ [ff] w [w]
Trill ʙ [rr] r [r]
Lateral fric. ɬ [ł]
Lateral app. l [l] ɭ [ll]

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Short Long Short Long Short Long
Close i y [i y] i: y: [í ý] u [u] u: [ú]
Close-mid e [e] e: [é] o [o] o: [ó]
Mid ə [î]
Open-mid ɛ ɶ [ë ö] ɛ: ɶ: [ê ô] ɔ [ò] ɔ: [õ]
Near-open æ [ä] æ: [â]
Open a [a] a: [á] ɑ [à] ɑ: [ã]

AlphabetEdit

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes No No No
Nouns No Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

VerbsEdit

Two different forms for the third personEdit

Verbs have two different forms for the third person. Their use depends on the subject: if the subject is a class A noun, form A should be used. If the subject is a class B noun, form B should be used.

First conjugationEdit

Present Past Future
Singular 1st -i -eþ -op
2nd -ar -eþe -ope
3rd A -eþa -opa
3rd B -o -eþo -opo
Plural 1st -éþ -óp
2nd -ár -éþe -ópe
3rd A -éþa -ópa
3rd B -éþo -ópo

The infinitive ends on -ak or -ek.

Second conjugationEdit

Present Past Future
Singular 1st -þó -bê
2nd -qxa -qxaþ -qxêb
3rd A -a -þa -ba
3rd B -o -þo -bo
Plural 1st -i -ði -bí
2nd -rá -þar -bra
3rd A -þý -bý
3rd B -þó -bó

The infinitive ends on -ak or -tty.

Third conjugationEdit

Present Past Future
Singular 1st -am -ðam -ggam
2nd -ra -ðar -gga
3rd A -a -þa -gga
3rd B -y -þy -ggy
Plural 1st -ám -áðam -xxám
2nd -rá -þar -ggá
3rd A -þá -ggá
3rd B -þý -ggý

The infinitive ends on -oqo or -ak.

Perfective tensesEdit

Perfective tenses are formed with the prefix -er. The present perfect is rarely used, as it has exactly the same meaning as the past simple.

Irregular verbsEdit

See here.

NounsEdit

Classes and gendersEdit

Nouns are divided into two classes, class A and class B. There are also two genders, masculine and feminine.

Class AEdit

Ending on a consonantEdit
Singular Plural
Nominative baxîk báxîk
Genitive baxo báxo
Accusative baxîki báxîki
Locative baxîko báxîko
Instrumental baxîké báxîké
Ending on a vowelEdit
Singular Plural
Nominative ŋoka ŋokan
Genitive ŋokî ŋokanî
Accusative ŋoka ŋokann
Locative ŋóka ŋókan
Instrumental ŋokas ŋokass

Class BEdit

Ending on -îEdit
Singular Plural
Nominative ffeŋî ffeŋîr
Genitive ffeŋam ffeŋom
Accusative ffeŋîn ffeŋîs
Locative ffeŋó ffeŋól
Instrumental ffeŋe ffeŋen
Ending on another vowelEdit
Singular Plural
Nominative irráta írrátá
Genitive irrátam írrátám
Accusative irráte írráté
Locative irrátolu írrátólú
Instrumental irrátä írrátâ
Ending on a consonantEdit
Singular Plural
Nominative bêrus bêrúsk
Genitive bêruso Bêrúsko
Accusative bêrîn bêrúsk
Locative bêrusó bêrúskó
Instrumental bêrusa bêrusá

Note: when the word ends on a plosive, the nominative and accusative plural ends on -ek.

AdjectivesEdit

Singular Plural
Class A Class B Class A Class B
Masculine -(c)u -(u)jj -(c)ujj
Feminine -o * -(c)o -(o)jj -(c)ojj

*: Replaces eventual final vowel

Besides these suffixes, Bédarqát also has a comparative prefix k(ë)- and a superlative prefix łáq-. Furthermore the language also has these case suffixes:

Genitive -(ë)t
Accusative -(')o
Locative -šâr
Instrumental -'îŋ

ArticlesEdit

Articles consist of three parts, which respectively indicate case, gender and number.

Case Gender Number
Nominative (nothing) Masculine a Singular (nothing)
Genitive t Feminine o Plural n
Accusative m
Locative q
Instrumental p

VocabularyEdit


No. English Bédarqát
1Iggî
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6theyllî
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23twoukõ
24threemla
25fourłešc
26fivexãs
27bigddêner
28longrut
29wideë'î
30thickjjits
31heavyòmpõl
32smallssar
33shortaxxok
34narrowtuc
35thinkasä
36womanjârrîk
37man (adult male)ŋá'a
38man (human being)
39childnëddu
40wifeçârrîk
41husbandxá'a
42motherparò
43fathermolla
44animalkrëçca
45fishdzúrçen
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eatqarätak
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172redme'at
173greenñúnn
174yellowvrras
175whiteezzoqxa
176blacknaggaš
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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