Name: Bâgnam

Type: Isolated


Head Direction:

Number of genders: 3

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: No

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect

Classification and DialectsEdit

This language vocabulary is similar to Vietnamese but the grammar is different.



Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-


Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive b p d t c ɟ g k
Fricative f v h
Affricate s z ʃ
Approximant j
Trill r
Lateral app. l


Front Near-front Back
High i y u
High-mid e ɛ o
Low a ɑ


Dî and gî has the same sound. is always when the word begins with. Gî is in or at the end of the word.

Writing SystemEdit

Letter Aa Ââ Bb Dd Ee Ěě Ff Gg Hh Ii Îî Qq
Sound a ɑ b d ɛ e f g h i j k
Letter Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Rr Ss Xx Tt Uu Yy Vv
Sound l m n o p r s ʃ t u y v
Letter Zz Ng
Sound z ɟ ɟ ŋ ɲ c



Plural forming: qulo (friend) ---> sa|qulo (friends)

Articles: nga (the) and lěn (a,an) --> nga|qulo (the friend) and lěn|qulo (a friend)


Bagnamese don't know tenses. They use adverbs to describe the tense.

Adverbs of present: - měngnîo (never), měngmu (rarely), měngxang (sometimes), qengxang (usually), qengnîo (always) Note: měng means 'no', qeng means 'yes'.

- něî (now), ngegnaî (today), sâng (morning), trong nam (before-noon), nam (noon), song nam (afternoon), trong xon [eve(ning)], xon (night), trong sâng (dawn)

Adverbs of past: - dyng (was), trong naî (yesterday), trong sâng trong (last morning), trong nam trong (last before-noon), trong song nam (last afternoon), trong xon trong [last eve(ning)], xon trong (last night), trong tîeng (last week), trong tan ngaî (last month), trong nyî (last year)

Adverbs of future: - song dy (will be), baî (then), song ngaî (tomorrow), song maî ngaî (after tomorrow), song trong sâng (next morning), song trong nam (next before-noon), song nam song (next afternoon), song trong xon [next eve(ning)], song xon (next night), song tîeng (next week), song tang ngaî (next month), song nyî (next year).


Example sentences
S Adtime Verb Adplace
Tîen trong ngaî trong nam dîong dan ngalangqoh
I yesterday before-noon go to the market
Tîen ngengaî song nam dîong dan ngalangqoh
I today afternoon go to the mall
Tîen song ngaî trong nam dîong dan ngalangqoh
I tomorrow before-noon go to the shop


Subject-Adverb of time-Verb-Object

Rule: You have to use the adverbs of time in every sentence in Bagnamese!!


Example textEdit

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