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Barejine

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Barejine
Barejinê
Type
Analytic (nouns), Fusional (verbs)
Alignment
Accusative
Head direction
right
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Barejine is one of the most spoken languages on the planet Patrona. It is a majority language in at least two countries, and an official language in many more.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

labial interdental alveolar postalveolar palatal velar
nasal m n ɲ
stop p b t d k g
fricative f (v) θ ð s z ʃ ʒ h
approximant l ɹ̠ ʎ
  • /f/ becomes [v] allophonically in between vowels.

VowelsEdit

front central back
close i ĩ ɪ̈ ʊ̈ ɪ̈̃ ʊ̈̃ u ũ
close-mid e o
open-mid ɛ ɛ̃ ɔ ɔ̃
open æ æ̃ ɑ ɑ̃
  • /ʊ̈/ and /ʊ̈̃/ are reduced to [ə] and [ə̃] when adjacent to another vowel or when before /r/.

TransliterationEdit

The Barejine Latin Alphabet developed for use in Earth-friendly documents is as follows:

letter a â b d ð e ê f g h
phoneme /ɑ/ /æ/ /b/ /d/ /ð/ /e/ /ɛ/ [f] /g/ /h/
letter i î j k l m n o ô p
phoneme /i/ /ɪ̈/ /ʒ/ /k/ /l/ /m/ /n/ /o/ /ɔ/ /p/
letter r s t u û v x z þ -
phoneme /ɹ̠/ /s/ /t/ /u/ /ʊ̈/ [v] /ʃ/ /z/ /θ/ -
  • nasalized vowels: an, ân, en, in, în, on, un, ûn
  • digraphs: tx /tʃ/, ly /ʎ/, ny /ɲ/, rh /ɹ̠/ (no different from <r>), oi /eɪ̈/

PronounsEdit

Nominative pronounsEdit

sg pl
1 naf
2 tôtx
3.an jor
3.inan el
3.obv txa txe

Accusative pronounsEdit

sg pl
1 z(â) nôf
2 t(û) txfoi
3.an jor
3.inan (e)l
3.obv txa txe

Possessive pronounsEdit

sg pl
1 z(â) nof
2 t(û) totxao
3.an jor
3.inan loi eloi
3.obv txe

Interrogative pronounsEdit

who/which bekin bekĩ
what/which beki beki
when biâk biæk
where bûu bəu
why gubeki gubeki
how bidej bideʒ
how much/many jâdax ʒædɑʃ

VerbsEdit

There are four conjugation classes based on four thematic vowels: a, ê, u, and ô

Present tenseEdit

-a verbs

sg pl
1 -e -ân
2 -a -ar
3 -0 -a

-ê verbs

sg pl
1 -e -en
2 -er
3 -0 -e

-u verbs

sg pl
1 -e -oi
2 -u -ur
3 -0

-ô verbs

sg pl
1 -e -oi
2 -or
3 -0 -oi

-to be

sg pl
1 'm moi
2 mor
3 'm moi

ParticiplesEdit

active passive
a -âr -aoþ
e -er -êþ
u -oir -uþ
o -oir -oþ

VocabularyEdit

NumbersEdit

Though Patronans have ten fingers in total, the most common base is 8 (octal) which was spread by Barejine and Alemarese-speakers across most of Patrona. Typically, fingercounting starts with the thumbs out, the first finger being the index, etc.

# name 8+# #*8 #*64
0 pitej ô
1 ô fiâd
2 dinz âk þenzik dinziâd
3 fo femûr fôrsik foriâd
4 mirh barx mirhik mirhiâd
5 dôrx ô-dôrx dôrxik dôrxiâd
6 sêxk ô-sêxk sixkik sêxkiâd
7 ðe ô-ðe ðesik ðejâd
8 ô þenzik fiâd onyiâd

ColorsEdit

Patronans can't see blue, so they have no need of words to distinguish it, greatly shrinking their color vocabulary.

  • kind [ˈkĩd]: dark red, purple
  • gôd [ˈgɔd]: light red, pink, orange
  • plaof [ˈplɑof]: white, yellow
  • natxenz [nɑˈtʃɛ̃z]: light green, chartreuse, cyan
  • farz [ˈfɑɹ̠z]: dark green, teal
  • eritt [eˈɹ̠it]: black, blue
  • foik [ˈfeɪ̈k]: gray, brown

Days of the weekEdit

The Patronan week is typically only six days long.

  1. dâjaoxk- Sunday
  2. lamâxk- Lameaday
  3. kavâxk- Cavecday
  4. fêbrâxk- Veverday
  5. mîndaxk- big Moonday
  6. jilyaxk- little Moonday

DirectionsEdit

sma
dâj-sma txô-sma
dâj fuxk txô
dâj-link txô-link
link

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