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This is an isolating language.

Phonology/SyllabaryEdit

Labial Alveolar Velar Uvular
Stop /p/ /t/ /q/
/d/ /g/
Fricative /s/ [s:]
/v/ /z/
Approximant /r/ [ɹ]
/l/
Nasal /m/
Front Back
Close-mid /o/ [ʷo]
Open-Mid /e/ [ɛ]
Near-Open /æ/ [æ̃]
Open /a/

/popez/ or [bo.p͡ɸel]

Bopfel is a syllable-timed language.

There are multiple Romanized systems of writing, but many of them sacrifice accuracy of rules for ease of pronunciation.

Also, there is a complicated syllabic script which takes advantage of the fact that Bopfel makes way more sense when split into syllables.

Phonotactics

All of the sound changes detailed below are non-phonemic and can occur between words.

/p/ becomes [p͡ɸ] in front of /e/, [pʲ] in front of /æ/, and [b] in front of /o/. After /z/, it becomes /b/ in front of /o/ and [bʲ] in front of /æ/ and /e/.
/t/ becomes [t͡ʃ] before /æ/ and /e/ and [k͡s] before /o/. When after /z/, it becomes [k͡t] before any vowel.
/q/ becomes [hʲ] before /æ/ and /e/ and [ʷp] before /o/, but not after /z/. After /z/, it becomes [ɸ͡x] before /o/.
/d/ becomes [d͡ʒ] before /æ/ and /e/, but not after /z/.
/s/ is always pronounced longer than /z/.
/z/ becomes [ʲz] after vowels other than /o/.
/m/ becomes [n] before /o/.
/e/ becomes [e] before /z/, which shifts to [l] and doesn't cause any sound changes.
/o/ becomes [ɔ] in front of /z/ and after /b/ and /d/, and also [wo] when word-initial.

There is no sandhi and sounds only affect the other sounds in words.

GrammarEdit

Pronouns

1st is (I/we) [malel]
2nd is (you) [ɹʷolel]
3rd (he/she/it/they)is [dɛlel]
4th (one/most) is [t͡ʃæ̃lel]

Everything Else

Bopfel is heavily isolating. As a result, there are no changes to any word no matter where it's put in the sentence. Most of the words are 3 syllables long or more.

The only acceptable sentence order is APOV, or Agent-Patient-Oblique-Verb (otherwise known as Subject-Object-Oblique-Verb).

Postpositions

It has postpositions, most of which are shorter than normal words. The order goes AFFECTOR AFFECTED PREPOSITION.

Postposition List
inside - {?7= [womɛ]
outside - 2?{? [hʲɛwo]
above - 7=3? [mava]
upon - 2?3? [hʲɛva]
towards - 7:8: [t͡ʃɛdɔ]
away from - 9?7/ [ɹas:ɛ]

Sentences

Compound sentences are the ones which are more likely to occur.

Complex sentences never use conjunctions.

List of WordsEdit

amount - /osærama/ [wos:æ̃ɹama]
ancient - /voterez/ [vʷot͡ʃɛɹel]
boat - /sæmogo/ [s:æ̃nʷogʷo]
bread - /sezpozda/ [s:elbɔzda]
carry (v) - /moqota/ [nʷoqʷota]
courage - /dosæpazze/ [dɔs:æ̃ʷp.zɛ]
energetic - /morava/ [nʷoɹava]
exist - /sæsæz/ [s:æ̃s:æ̃ʲz]
fright - /dozgaqo/ [dɔzgak͡sʷo]
gain (v) - /doqole/ [dɔk͡sʷolɛ]
groan (v) - /resaqo/ [ɹɛs:ak͡sʷo]
happiness - /olozpo/ [wolɔzbɔ]
have - /razmo/ [ɹaʲznʷo]
island - /mapeme/ [map͡ɸɛmɛ]
mean (v) - /tælaza/ [t͡ʃæ̃laza]
meat - /æmelo/ [æ̃mɛlʷo]
mountain - /qaqobo/ [qak͡sʷobɔ]
nest (n) - /sɛvæta/ [s:ɛvæ̃ta]
obey -/votæme/ [vʷot͡ʃæ̃mɛ]
ox - /qosesæ/ [k͡sʷos:ɛs:æ̃]
pass (v) - /voqɛpæ/ [vʷohʲɛpʲæ̃]
person - /taole/ [tawolɛ]
present - /pætæzme/ [pʲæ̃t͡ʃæ̃ʲzmɛ]
shoe - /qezrasa/ [hʲelɹas:a]
size - /olegæ/ [wolɛgæ̃]
sting (n) - /moqopæ/ [nʷok͡sʷopʲæ̃]
swarm (n) - /gevasa/ [gɛvas:a]
thanks - /sorodæ/[s:ʷoɹɔdæ̃]
therapeutic - /rorabo/ [ɹʷoɹabɔ]
voice - /mazbore/ [maʲzbɔɹɛ]
waver - /gæd͡ʒæqæ/ [gæ̃d͡ʒæ̃qæ̃]
word - /savoqa/ [s:avʷoqa]
imagine - /[pæqeqo/ [pʲæ̃hʲɛqʷo]

Sample Sentences The voice wavers.
I present thanks to you. (I thanks you upon present.)
The person carries bread.
The swarm is outside the nest.