Boyêm von Þàŋ
|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Boyêm is an analytical language that makes exclusive use of diction and syntax to convey meaning. It uses a unique phonotactical method of placing only vowels between two consonants. Liquids are the only exception to this rule, but have their own set of rules.
|Plosive||p, b||t, d||k, g||ʔ|
|Fricative||f, v||θ, ð||s, z||ʃ, ʒ||h|
|Flap or tap||ɾ|
- Solid consonants (plosives, fricatives, and nasals) can only begin or end words.
- Vowels can only be in-between words.
- Liquids can occur anywhere except next to a solid consonant.
- Plosive and fricative consonants are always voiced at the beginnings of a word, and always voiceless at the end.
- The initial alveolar trill (/r/) becomes an alveolar tap (/ɾ/) finally and a velar approximate (/ɰ/) medially.
Pitch Accent Edit
Every vowel has one of four stress states: unstressed, full stress, rising stress, or falling stress. Full, rising, and falling stress are marked by the circumflex (ˆ), acute (´), and grave (`), respectively.
Note: Unstressed vowels may be shortened to approximates (/j/, or /w/, for example).
Boyêm uses two writing systems: a Latin-based alphabet and a traditional alphabet.
Latin Alphabet Edit
Boyêm makes heavy use of capitalization in writing. Nouns, verbs, and adjectives are all capitalized to distinguish them from the many grammar words Boyêm uses.
Grammar and SyntaxEdit
Grammar in Boyêm is very consistent and strict, relying on a system of prepositions and postpositions to indicate additional meaning. Syntax varies based on whether a sentence is declarative, imperative, interrogative, or intransitive.
|Subject Block||Verb Block||Object Block||Conjunctive Phrase||Agent Block|
|Verb Block||Subject Block||Object Block||Conjunctive Phrase||Agent Block|
|Verb Block||Object Block||Conjunctive Phrase||Agent Block|
|Agent Block||Verb Block|
Nouns are arranged in separate clusters where each noun is set between an optional preposition for number or plurality and a mandatory postposition for case.
Verbs are arranged in separate clusters where each verb is set between a mandatory preposition for tense and an optional postposition for aspect.