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PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Labial Labio-dental Central Alveolar Lateral Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n (ŋ)
Plosive p b β β̃ t d k g gʷ
Fricative x ɣ h hʷ
Affricate
Approximant l j w
Trill r

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i y ɨ ʉ u
Close-mid e ø
Mid o
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a


OrthographyEdit

Most phonemes are written the same as their IPA symbol. If a phoneme is labialized, it is simply written as a digraph, with a "w" following the consonant. 

Phoneme Grapheme
/β/ v
/β̃/
/θ/ th
/ð/ dh
/ŋ/ ng
/ɣ/ gh
/ɨ/ y
/ø/ ö
/e̞/ é
/y/ ü
/ʉ/ ú
/ɔ/ ó
/ä/ a
/ɛ/ e

Consonant mutationEdit

Radical Lenited Spirantized Nasalized
β (< bˑ) No change m
ð (< dˑ) n
ɣ (< gˑ) ŋ
b (< pˑ) f No change
d (< tˑ) θ
g (< kˑ) x
β̃ (< mˑ) No change
h (< sˑ)
st s(s)
gw w
gwo wa


NumeralsEdit

  • ún - 1
  • dów - 2
  • tri - 3
  • pedwar - 4
  • pymp - 5
  • hwex - 6
  • seith - 7
  • üith - 8
  • naw - 9
  • deg - 10

PronounsEdit

  • mi - me
  • ti - you
  • hwi - you (pl)
  • hi - she
  • eṽ - he
  • ni - us

VerbsEdit

éghydEdit

en = to drive, to go

SINGULAR First Second Third Impersonal
Absolute Conjuct Absolute Conjuct
Present éghiṽ éghidh éghid agh aghidor aghir
Preterite aghiss aghissydh aghissyd aghiss aghidyd aghid
PLURAL First Second Third Impersonal
Present aghimm aghid aghint aghintor
Preterite aghissomm aghissed aghissont aghidént

molódEdit

en = to laud, praise

SINGULAR First Second Third Impersonal
Absolute Conjuct Absolute Conjuct
Present mölóṽ mölódh mölód mol molódor molór
Preterite möléss mölässydh möléssyd molass mölédyd molad
PLURAL First Second Third Impersonal
Present molómm molód molónt molóntor
Preterite molassomm molassed molassont mölödént

ÉrdhidEdit

en = to plough

SINGULAR First Second Third Impersonal
Absolute Conjuct Absolute Conjuct
Present érdhiṽ érdhidh érdhid ardh ardhidor ardhir
Preterite ardhiss ardhdh ardhyd ardhiss ardhyd ardhid
PLURAL First Second Third Impersonal
Present ardhimm ardhid ardhint ardhitor
Preterite ardhissomm ardhissed ardhissont ardhidént

NounsEdit

The plural is usually formed based on the Proto-Celtic nominative plural.

o-stem Proto-Celtic Brythonic
Man singular *wiros gwur
plural *wire gwyr
Servant, worker singular *ambaxtos ammayth
plural *ambaxtoi émméyth
Raven singular *branos bran
plural *branoi brén
ā-stem Proto-Celtic Brythonic
Town, settlement singular *trebā trev
plural *trebās trev
Hand singular *ɸlāmā lóṽ
plural *ɸlāmās lóṽ


u-stem Proto-Celtic Brythonic
Town, settlement singular *sentus hynt
plural *sentowes hyntow
Hand singular *mokkus mox
plural *mokkowes moxow

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