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Celitian
Celitiàm
Type Fusional
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations Yes
Genders two
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 2%
Statistics
Nouns 2%
Verbs 3%
Adjectives 1%
Syntax 2%
Words 0 of 1500
Creator Limao


Classification and DialectsEdit

Celitian is a romance language spoken in Bavaria as well as in Austria and parts of Czechia. It is spoken by around 1.000.000 people.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Labial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b d t k g
Fricative f v ʃ ʒ h
Affricate
Approximant l j
Trill r
Flap or tap

VowelsEdit

 
Front Central Back
Close i ɨ u
Mid e ə o
Near-open ɐ
Open a

DiphtongsEdit

diphtong pronounciation
ai /ai/
ăi /ɐi/
ău /ɐu/
au /au/
eu /ew/
ĕu /əw/
ou /u/
oi /oi/
ae /è/
ei /ɛi̯/
éi /ei/
çh /ʃ/
ch /tʃ/


AlphabetEdit

Letter a b c d e f g h i j l m
Sound a b k d e f g h i zj l m
Letter n o p q r s t u v x y z
Sound n o p q r s t u v sj j z
Letter ă ĕ ĭ ç
Sound ɐ ə ɨ s

The stress lies on the second to last syllable (chapUnto-correct), but never on vowels with a breve: ă, ĕ and ĭ (prăzEns-present). If the stress lies on another syllable then this is indicated by an accent on the vowel in that syllable (çhantàt-sung). An accent aigu indicates a long vowel and an accent grave a short vowel.

if there stands an -s before a vowel with an accent grave on it, you pronounce the -s (sj). Grasèus (grasjEus-thank you).

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

There are two genders, masculine and feminine, and three numbers, singular, dual and plural.

All nouns are divided into four different groups.

singular ending dual ending plural ending
group 1 -o/-a: oumo (man) -e: oume -oi/-ai: oumoi
group 2 -u: fiu (boy) -e: fie -i: fii
group 3 -er: vaqer (cow) -re: vaqre -ri: vaqri
group 4 any: mox (moustache) -e: moxe -i/-s: moxi

In group 1, masculine words end with -o and feminine words end with -a

Nouns from group 2 are almost always masculine.

Words from group 3&4 can either be masculine or feminine and can sometimes have irregular plurals.

In a one-syllable word from group 4, the dual and plural ending comes behind the word. In a more-syllable word, the last letter is replaced with the dual and plural ending. For example: mox - moxe but ananas - ananae.

articles Edit

there are definite and indefinite articles.

masculine feminine
definite singular iu/i' (for vowels) ia/i' (for vowels)
definite dual éi éi
definite plural éi éi
indefinite singular un un
indefinite dual dou/d' (for vowels) doa/d' (for vowels)
indefinite plural uns uns

posessive pronouns Edit

posessive pronouns change depending on number and gender.

1sg 2sg 3sg 1pl 2pl 3pl
masc mou tou sou nos vos loro
fem ma ta sua noa voa lora
pl méi téi séi néi véi léi

adjectives Edit

an adjective conjugates to the noun it belongs to. Adjectives can either be placed before or after the noun. An adjective in the masculine form can end in either -o or -u.

masc. sg fem. sg masc. du fem. du masc. pl fem. pl
pelo (beautiful) pela pele pele peli peli
calo (good) cala cale cale cali cali
feçho (ugly) feçha feçhe feçhe feçhi feçhi
ejau (equal) ejaa ejae ejae ejai ejai

ist'oumo e pra calo. (this man is so good.)

il n'e pra calo s'ista pela muia (he is not as good as this beautiful woman.)

cala sàra. (good evening.)

cómparatis and súperlatis Edit

to form the comparative and the superlative of an adjective, you take the masculine form of the adjective and add the ending -ro/ra for the comparative and -sto/sta for the superlative.

masc. sg fem. sg masc. du fem. du masc. pl fem. pl
pósitis pecho (small) pecha peche peche pechi pechi
cómparatis pechoro pechora pechore pechore pechori pechori
súperlatis pechosto pechosta pechoste pechoste pechosti pechosti

iu calosto oumo venĭ a ma çhiasa. (the best man comes to my house.)

when the adjective in the comparative or superlative is not directly next to the noun, you use the forms of multi (much), plu, (am) fos + póstitis.

illa çhiasa e plu pela si i'autra. (that house is more beautiful than the other one.)

(tu) es am fos gralto. (you are the longest/biggest.) You use am fos + pótisis if the adjective describes someone's/something's appearence. In other cases, you use an article with fos + pósitis

(tu) es iu fos calo. (you are the best.)

there are a few adjectives that have irregular comparative and superlative forms.

maio (bad), peioro, peiosto

pievro (poor), pievoro, pievosto

multi (much), plu, fos

VerbsEdit

there are three types of verbs. Verbs that end in the infinitive with: -ar, -er, -ir, -re (çhantar - to sing, qiser - to eat, velir - to want, prandre - to take). To conjugate a verb you take away -ar, -er, -ir, -re to get the stem and then you add the endings.

Cerlitian verbs have: 7 tenses: iu prăzens, i'imperfatu, iu perfatu, iu furamu, iu passe compent, two pluperfect types: iu plussiperfatu simplo and iu plussiperfatu compent 2 numbers: iu singularis and iu pluralis 4 moods: i'indicatis, iu condixionel, iu parafatis and iu coniunctis. 2 voices: i'actius and iu passius.

the personal pronouns are:

1sg 2sg 3sg (m) 3sg (f) 1pl 2pl 3pl

subject

ieu tu il el nus vus ili
dir. object nus vus li
ind. object miu tiu siu siu nui vui lui

the personal pronouns are not required before a verb since every person has another ending.

direct object personal pronouns can either be placed before or after the verb.

ieu lavu-tĕ / ieu tĕ lavu (I love you)

Present tense Edit

present tense (iu prăzens)
1sg 2sg 3sg 1pl 2pl 3pl
-ar -u -as -ams -atz -ai
-er -u -es -ems -etz -ei
-ir -iu -is -ims -itz -ii
-re -u -s -/ -ĕms -ĕtz -i

the present tense is used to describe something that happens frequently or something that happens now.

(ieu) çhantu zi (tu) qises. (I sing and you eat/i am singing and you are eating)

(ieu) veliu cafè am let. (I want coffee with milk)

Past imperfect tense Edit

past imperfect tense (i'imperfatu)
1sg 2sg 3sg 1pl 2pl 3pl
-ar -ivàm -ivàs -ivă -ivàms -ivàtz -ivài
-er -ivàm -ivàs -ivă -ivàms -ivàtz -ivài
-ir -ivàm -ivàs -ivă -ivàms -ivàtz -ivài
-re -ivàm -ivàs -ivă -ivàms -ivàtz -ivài

the past imperfect tense is used to describe something that happened frequently in the past or to describe background information.

nu pasad, (ieu) ios xavivàm alcuhol pa un festas.(in the past, i always drank alcohol at a party.)

ia vencha fajivă ambulanzo un oumo per ia sadura. (the wind was blowing while a man was walking through the forest.)

Preterite tense Edit

preterite tense (iu perfatu)
1sg 2sg 3sg 1pl 2pl 3pl
-ar -ái -asti -íms -ís -arai
-er -éi -esti -íms -ís -erei
-ir -éi -isti -íms -ís -irei
-re -esti -íms -ís -réi

the preterite is used to describe an event that occured in the past.

ir (el) vostá am ma sora (yesterday she spoke with my sister.)

ia nicta passe ambulims isul per ia caje (last night we walked through the street.)

Future tense Edit

future tense (iu furamu)
1sg 2sg 3sg 1pl 2pl 3pl
-ar -aro -aris -ari -árims -aritz -arii
-er -ero -eris -eri -érims -eritz -erii
-ir -iro -iris -iri -írims -iritz -irii
-re -ro -ris -ri -rims -ritz -rii

the future tense is used to describe something that will happen in the future.

(tu) furis un calíssimo oumo. (you will be a great man.)

(ieu) savu qua (ili) dirii a miu. (I know what they will say to me.)

Compound past Edit

the compound past (iu passe compent) is formed by the auxiliary verb aure (to have) + the past participle form of the verb.

the verb aure
1sg 2sg 3sg 1pl 2pl 3pl
au as a ams atz ai
past participle
sg pl
-ar -àt -ati
-er -èt -eti
-ir -ìt -iti
-re -t -ti

the compound past is used to describe something that has ended so there's no use/possibility to do it again.

(ieu) au qisèt ia pizza. (I have eaten the pizza).

(nus) ams pranti i'ofriu. (We have taken the offer.)

Pluperfect tense Edit

there are 2 types of pluperfect tenses. The simple pluperfect and the compound pluperfect. They are usually interchangeable, but if you have two pluperfect tenses in one sentence, you use the compound pluperfect to describe the event that happend first and the simple pluperfect to describe the event that happend after that.

simple pluperfect (iu plussiperfatu simplo)
1sg 2sg 3sg 1pl 2pl 3pl
-ar -azam -azas -ază -azams -azatz -azai
-er -ezam -ezas -eză -ezams -ezatz -ezai
-ir -izam -izas -iză -izams -izatz -izai
-re -(e)zam -(e)zas -(e)ză -(i)zams -(i)zatz -(e)zai

caet (vus) ís estior, já delază de plurar. (when you went outside, it had already stopped raining.)

(ili) já qisezai. (they had already eaten.)

the compound pluperfect is formed using the past form of the verb aure and then the past participle. (see compound past tense.)

aure - past
1sg 2sg 3sg 1pl 2pl 3pl
avam avas avă avams avatz avai

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

from the universal decleration of human rights:

Tos éi sèrendi humanitari sunt naetatu leuvri zi ejau in dignitat zi drechi. Sunt dotatu du rajau zi consènzia zi deuvei coutarsi fraternamè am lauta.

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards another in a spirit of brotherhood.

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