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Choson/Orthography

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Like those of many other Romance languages, the Choson alphabet derives from the Latin alphabet and is largely based on the language’s phonology. The Choson alphabet consists of the twenty-six letters of the ISO basic Latin alphabet:

Majuscule Forms (also called uppercase or capital letters)
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Minuscule Forms (also called lowercase or small letters)
a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z

Letter names and pronunciationEdit

Letter Name Pronunciation IPA value
Aa a /a/ /a/, /ɑ/
Bb be /be/ /b/
Cc ce /se/ /s/[1], /k/
Dd de /de/ /d/
Ee e /e/ /e/, /ɛ/
Ff ef /ɛɸ/ /ɸ/
Gg ge /ʒe/ /ʒ/[2], /g/
Hh ahe /aħe/ /ħ/, /h/
Ii i /i/ /i/
Jj je /ʤe/ /ʤ/
Kk ka /ka/ /k/
Ll el /ɛl/ /l/
Mm em /ɛm/ /m/
Nn en /ɛn/ /n/
Oo o /o/ /o/, /ɔ/
Pp pe /pe/ /p/
Qq qyu /kju/ /k/
Rr erra /ɛʁa/ /ʁ/
Ss es /ɛs/ /s/
Tt te /te/ /t/
Uu u /u/ /u/, /w/
Vv ve /βe/ /β/
Ww wu /wu/ /w/
Xx ix /iks/ /ks/, /gz/
Yy yota /jota/ /j/
Zz zet /zɛt/ /z/
  1. ^  Before the letters e, i, y, or with the cedilla.

OrthographyEdit

Consonant
Letter Context IPA Examples English approximation
b everywhere /b/
c before 〈e〉 or 〈i〉 /s/
elsewhere /k/
ch everywhere /ʧ/
d everywhere /d/
f everywhere /ɸ/
g before 〈e〉 or 〈i〉 /ʒ/
elsewhere /g/
h usually /ħ/ No English equivalent; Arabic حال al
sometimes /h/
j /ʤ/
k /k/
l /l/
/ʎ/
m everywhere /m/
n usually /n/
before velars consonanats (g or k) /ŋ/
/ɲ/
p /p/
q /k/
r usually /ʁ/
/ɾ/
s /s/
sch /ʃ/
t /t/
v /β/
w /w/
x initially /ʃ/
medially; next to voiceless consonants /ks/
medially; next to voiced consonants /gz/
y as a consonant /j/
as a vowel /i/
z /z/

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