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Conlang

Coke

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Coke
Coke
Type
polysynthetic
Alignment
ergative
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Coke language is spoken by 350 Coke people high in the mountains of Yukon, Canada and eastern Alaska, USA. The language is critically endangered because of the old age of the speakers, climate where the speakers live and English and several other languages in the area, which the children are now speaking as their mother language. Coke language is a language isolate. The language includes newish loanwords from English, but it's grammar is quite unique. It is sometimes speculated to form a language family with the already extinct Tike language. The language has also historically had five different dialects.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ ɴ
Plosive p b t d k g q ɢ ʔ
Fricative ɸ β θ ð s z ʃ ʒ χ ʁ h
Affricate t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ qχ ɢʁ
Approximant ɹ
Trill
Flap or tap ɾ ɢ̆
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i y ɯ u
Near-close
Close-mid e ø ɤ o
Mid ə
Open-mid
Near-open æ
Open a

AlphabetEdit

Letter IPA
A a /a/
Á á /æ/
B b /b/
C c /t͡s/
Ç ç /t͡ʃ/
D d /d/
Ð đ /ð/
E e /e/
F f /ɸ/
G g /g/
Ǵ ǵ /ɢ̆/
Ǧ ǧ /ʁ/
Ġ ġ /ɢʁ/
H h /h/
I i /i/
K k /k/
Ǩ ǩ /χ/
K̇ k̇ /qχ/
L l /l/
M m /m/
N n /n/
Ń ń /ɴ/
Ŋ ŋ /ŋ/
O o /o/
Ó ó /ɤ/
Ö ö /ø/
P p /p/
R r /ɹ/
Ŕ ŕ /ɾ/
S s /s/
Ş ş /ʃ/
T t /t/
Þ þ /θ̼/
U u /u/
Ú ú /ɯ/
V v /β/
X x /d͡z/
X́ x́ /d͡ʒ/
Y y /y/
Z z /z/
Ɀ ɀ /ʒ/
' /ʔ/
Ə ə /ə/

The accented letters are quite uncommon due to the fact that they are only present in loanwords and not in native words.

PhonotacticsEdit

The permitted consonants clusters are: bm, dn, gŋ, ng, rh, rs, st, tz, vz and vs.

The diphthongs are: ai, au, áy, ei, eu, io, iu, oi, ou, öy and ui

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes Yes No No Yes No Yes No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No
Adjectives Yes No No No Yes Yes No No
Numbers Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes No
Participles Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Adverb Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No
Adpositions Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No
Article No No Yes No Yes No Yes No
Particle No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No


coming soon...

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit

Not yet finished.


No. English Coke
1Iby [by]
2you (singular)'ari [ʔaɹi]
3he'uri [ʔuɹi]
4wevari [βaɹi]
5you (plural)seri [seɹi]
6theyvori [βoɹi]
7thistui [tui]
8thattai [tai]
9heretili [tili]
10theretala [tala]
11who'sta [ʔsta]
12whatvun [βun]
13where'rai [ʔɹai]
14when'rui [ʔɹui]
15howden [den]
16notbun [bun]
17allseko [seko]
18manyseka [seka]
19someseki [seki]
20fewseku [seku]
21othertuka [tuka]
22one'dat [ʔdat]
23two'tan [ʔtan]
24three'bur [ʔbuɹ]
25four'lum [ʔlum]
26five'rat [ʔɹat]
27bigsada [sada]
28longzai [zai]
29widecet [t͡set]
30thickxed [d͡zed]
31heavysau [sau]
32smallpela [pela]
33shortrit [ɹit]
34narrowrid [ɹid]
35thinsah [sah]
36woman'ury [ʔuɹy]
37man (adult male)'ere [ʔeɹe]
38man (human being)
39child'tak [ʔtak]
40wifebat [bat]
41husbandgau [gau]
42motherty [ty]
43fatherdy [dy]
44animalfun [ɸun]
45fishsei [sei]
46birdvine [βine]
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


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