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Concordi

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[[]]
'
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Name in English: Concordi

Name in Concordi: κον'κορδι

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial

Labio-dental

Dental

Alveolar

Post-alveolar

Retroflex

Palatal

Velar

Uvular

Pharyngeal

Epiglottal

Glottal

Nasal

Μ μ

Ν ν

Plosive or stop

Π π (voiceless)

Β β (voiced)

Τ τ (voiceless)

Δ δ (voiced)

Κ κ 

(voiceless)

Γ γ (voiced)

Fricative

Φ φ (voiceless)

W w (voiced)

Þ þ (voicless)

Σ σ (voiceless, silibant)

Ζ ζ (voiced, silibant)

Ж ж (voiced, silibant)

Χ χ (voiceless)

Ğ ğ (voiced)

Affricate

Approximant

Я я (voiced)

Trill

Flap or tap

Ρ ρ

Lateral fric.

Lateral app.

Λ λ (velarized)

Lateral flap

Ξ ξ is the consonant cluster /ks/, like x in fox.

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close

Ι ι (unrounded)

Υ υ (rounded)

Near-close

Close-mid

Mid

Ε ε (unrounded)

Ο ο (rounded)

Open-mid

Near-open

Open

Α α (unrounded)

Æ æ is the diphthong [ai], like the ei in height.

AlphabetEdit

Letter

Name

Standard Latin symbol

Name (Latin alphabet)

Sound

Α α

αλφα

A a

alpha

[ä]

Æ æ

æφα

Æ æ

æpha

[ai]

Β β

βετα

B b

beta

[b]

W w

wετα

V v

veta

[v]

Γ γ

γαμα

G g

gamma

[g]

Ğ ğ

ğανα

Ğ ğ

ğanna

[ɣ]

Δ δ

δελτα

D d

delta

[d̪]

Ε ε

επσιλον

E e

epsilon

[e̞]

Ζ ζ

ζετα

Z z

zeta

[z]

Þ þ

þορν

Ṯ ṯ

thorn

[θ]

Ι ι

ιοτα

I i

iota

[i]

Κ κ

καπα

K k

kappa

[k]

Λ λ

λαμδα

Ɫ ɫ

lambda

[ɫ]

Μ μ

μι

M m

mi

[m]

Ν ν

νι

N n

ni

[n]

Ξ ξ

ξι

X x

xi

[ks]

Ο ο

ομικρον

O o

omicron

[o̞]

Π π

πι

P p

pi

[p]

Ρ ρ

ρο

R r

rho

[ɾ]

Σ σ

σiγμα

S s

sigma

[s]

Τ τ

ταφ

T t

taf

[t̪]

Я я

яα

Y y

ya

[j]

Ж ж

жε

Ž ž

že

[ʒ]

Υ υ

υπσιλον

U u

upsilon

[u]

Φ φ

φι

F f

phi

[f]

Χ χ

χι

Ĥ ĥ

chi

[x]

PhonotacticsEdit

Consonant clusters permitted at the beginning of a syllable:

  • βλ-, βλя-, βρ-, βя-
  • γλ-, γλя-, γρ-
  • δρ-
  • ζλ-, ζλя-
  • þρ-
  • κw-, κλ-, κλя-, κρ-, κя-
  • λя-
  • μя-
  • νя-
  • πλ-, πλя-, πρ-, πя-
  • σw-, σκ-, σκρ-, σκw-, σκλ-, σκλя- σλ-, σλя-, σμ-, σν-, σπ-, στ-, σж- [ʃ]
  • τρ-, τζ- [tʃ]
  • φλ-, φλя-, φρ-, φя-

Consonant clusters permitted at the end of a syllable:

  • -βσ
  • -wσ
  • -γσ
  • -δσ
  • -þσ
  • -λβ, -λβσ, -λw, -λwσ, -λγ, -λγσ, -λδ, -λδσ, -λζ, -λþ, -λþσ, -λκ, -λμ, -λμσ, -λν, -λνσ, -λξ, -λπ, -λπσ, -λσ, -λτ, -λτσ, -λφ, -λφσ
  • -μσ
  • -νσ
  • -πσ
  • -ρβ, -ρβσ, -ρw, -ρwσ, -ργ, -ργσ, -ρδ, -ρδσ, -ρζ, -ρþ, -ρþσ, -ρκ, -ρλ, -ρμ, -ρμσ, -ρν, -ρνσ, -ρξ, -ρπ, -ρπσ, -ρσ, -ρτ, -ρτσ, -ρφ, -ρφσ
  • -σκ, -σπ, -σπσ, -στ, -στσ, -σж [ʃ], -σжτ
  • -τσ, -τζ [tʃ]
  • -φσ, -φτ

Consonants not permitted at the end of a syllable:

  • ğ
  • χ

Consonant permitted at the end of a syllable, but not of a word:

  • ж

Diphthongs:

  • æ, αυ
  • εя, ευ
  • οя
  • υя

Hiatuses:

  • αε, αι, αο
  • εα, εο
  • ια, ιε, ιο, ιυ
  • οα, οε
  • υα, υε, υι, υο

Diphthong and hiatus rules can be summed up thus:

  1. æ is always a diphthong.
  2. Vowel pairs beginning with ι are always hiatuses.
  3. Vowel pairs beginning with υ are always hiatuses.
  4. Vowel pairs beginning with ο are always hiatuses.
  5. я always forms a diphthong with a preceding vowel except when followed by another vowel, in which case it acts as the consonant in the next syllable.
  6. Vowel pairs beginning with ε are always hiatuses except when ending with an υ or я, in which case they form a diphthong.
  7. Vowel pairs beginning with α are always hiatuses except when ending with an υ or я, in which case they form a diphthong.
  8. Two of the same vowel never form diphthongs or hiatuses.

Javascript word generator settings (not 100% accurate to phonotactics)

Categories:

C=στνρδλκμφþγяπβжwζξχğ

B=cs

F=f

R=ρλκяwτrkql

V=εαιουæ

L=ρλσ

Rewrite rules:

c|σж

s|τζ

r|κρ

k|κλ

q|κw

l|λя

f|σκλя

Syllable types:

CV

CRV

BV

V

CVC

CRVC

BVC

VC

CVB

CRVB

BVB

VB

CVLC

CRVLC

BVLC

VLC

CVLB

CRVLB

BVCB

VLB

FV

FVC

FVB

FVLC

FVLB

(Word generator by Mark Rosenfelder at http://www.zompist.com/gen.html)

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nouns No No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

All nouns end with -ο or with , with the possible exception of proper nouns derived from other languages such as names. Stress in all nouns is placed on the penultimate syllable unless there is a hiatus in the last two syllables of an -ο noun with three syllables or more, in which case stress is placed on the antepenultimate syllable. To make a noun plural, is added to the end of the word.

Adjectives Edit

All adjectives end with or with . The ending is used in place of to make an adjective mean the opposite of what it originally did. Therefore, every adjective ending with has an opposite ending with an adjective ending with . Stress in all adjectives is placed on the antepenultimate syllable unless there is a hiatus in the last two syllables of an adjective with four syllables or more, in which case stress is placed on the trans-antepenultimate (fourth-to-last) syllable.

Adverbs Edit

All adverbs derived from adjectives end with or with -εя. adverbs are the adverb counterpart of adjectives, and -εя adverbs are the adverb counterpart of adjectives. Adverbs that are not attributed to a particular adjective end with -ευ.

VerbsEdit

All verbs end with -τ in the infinitive form. Stress in all verbs is placed on the ultimate syllable. All verbs are regular.

SyntaxEdit

Simple sentences are verb-subject-object. Adjectives precede the noun they modify. Indirect objects precede direct objects but must be modified with a preposition to avoid ambiguity.

Apostrophe markEdit

The symbol ['] is used to give exception to an accent rule. If a word stresses the "wrong" syllable in accordance to its part of speech, the ' must precede the stressed syllable. Furthermore, if a noun, adjective, or adverb does not have enough syllables to put accent on the syllable dictated by its part of speech, it must still be treated as if it did.

For example, if an adjective only has two syllables and thus no antepenultimate syllable to stress, the default syllable to stress instead is the penultimate. However, since the word still must be treated as if an antepenultimate were there, the apostrophe must be placed before the penultimate syllable, treating it as if it were an exception.

VocabularyEdit

English Concordi Language of origin
I το none
you (singular) τι none
you (plural) τιν none
he/she/zhe (gender-neutral) τæ none
we (including listener) τινο none
we (excluding listener) τον none
it τα none
they (personified) τæν none
they (things) ταν none
this σжα none
that σжο none
here τρα none
there τρο none
now σκα none
then σκο none
who γρασж none
whose γρασжα none
what γασж none
which γασжε none
where γατρα none
when γασκ none
why γατζ none
how γραλ none
how much, how many γραλε none
not/no æσж none
yes ισж none
all ενα none
many/much σεσα none
some κυνα none
few λαжα none
other ελκα none
the φα none
zero/nothing σιφρο Arabic
one/a/an χαδ Arabic
two ιþ Arabic
three þαλ Arabic
four αρβ Arabic
five χαμ Arabic
six σιδ Arabic
seven σαβ Arabic
eight þαμ Arabic
nine τeσ Arabic
ten ασж Arabic
hundred μιρι Arabic
thousand αλιφι Arabic
million μυραβαλιφι Arabic
big τζεγελι none
small τζεγελæ none
long σιφορι none
short (as opposed to long) σιφορæ none
tall 'σιφι none
short (as opposed to tall) 'σιφæ none
wide οσwεσλι none
narrow οσwεσλæ none
thick 'τενι none
thin 'τενæ none
heavy 'σжεσι none
light (as opposed to heavy) 'σжεσæ none
new 'τοκι none
old (as opposed to new) 'τοκæ none
young κæλερι none
old (as opposed to young) κæλερæ none
happy τζυζεμι none
sad τζυζεμæ none
fast βρεκεφι none
slow βρεκεφæ none
hot 'κρισжι none
cold 'κρισжæ none
good 'τζυφι none
bad 'τζυφæ none
wet πæτζεwι none
dry πæτζεwæ none
healthy γεζυνδι German
unhealthy γεζυνδæ German
sick δяορwισжι none
healthy (as opposed to sick) δяορwισжæ none
loud 'κλεσжι none
quiet 'κλεσжæ none
beautiful/handsome αραζι none
ugly αραζæ none
deaf 'καρι none
hearing (as opposed to deaf) 'καρæ none
blind σжοþυσι none
seeing (as opposed to deaf) σжοþυσæ none
mute πρεþλαwι none
speaking (as opposed to mute) πρεþλαwæ none
nice 'νενι none
mean 'νενæ none
rich 'τяεζι none
poor 'τяεζæ none
expensive 'πρεξι none
cheap 'πρεξæ none
flat 'жανwι none
curved (as opposed to flat) 'жανwæ none
tight κοτζανι none
loose κοτζανæ none
high λεσжεφι none
low λεσжεφæ none
hard 'τζιφι none
soft 'τζιφæ none
deep þαρμονι none
shallow þαρμονæ none
clean σжελεγι none
dirty σжελεγæ none
strong κασισжι none
weak κασισжæ none
alive 'τροζι none
dead 'τροζæ none
light (as opposed to dark) 'λυδι none
dark 'λυδæ none
famous τζενεμι none
obscure τζενεμæ none
easy τιτοβι none
difficult τιτοβæ none
natural νατυρι Portuguese
unnatural νατυρæ Portuguese
male ναν Mandarin Chinese
female νυ Mandarin Chinese
third-gender νæ none
family φαμιλια Spanish
son/daughter ανακα Malay
parent (mother/father) φυμυα Mandarin Chinese
baby ακατζανο Japanese
adult τζενγρενο Mandarin Chinese
child (boy/girl) χαяα Mandarin Chinese
sibling (brother/sister) σжακιχο Arabic
grandparent (grandmother/grandfather) ζυφυμυα Mandarin Chinese
spouse (husband/wife) δαζοжα Arabic
friend πανяο Mandarin Chinese
monarch (king/queen) ραжα Bengali
president πρεζιδενο English
neighbor wεσινο Spanish
person/man/woman ρενο Wu Chinese
human (species) χυμανο English
animal ανιμαλο Spanish
dog σαβακα Russian
cat νεκο Japanese
fish σαμακιο Arabic
bird οσφυρο Arabic
cattle γαяα Hindi
pig χινζιρο Arabic
mouse μαυσα Hindi
horse γοδα Hindi
snake þοαβενο Arabic
worm γυσανο Spanish
sheep βιρα Bengali
wing σαяαπο Malay
sea σαγαρα Hindi
ocean σαμανδαρα Hindi
river καwα Japanese
mountain σжανο Mandarin Chinese
rain δοжδο Russian
snow νεwια Portuguese
tree 'σжυα Mandarin Chinese
sun ταяανο Mandarin Chinese
moon яυλιανο Mandarin Chinese
world μυνδο Portuguese
Earth Τερα Portuguese
forest λινο Mandarin Chinese
sky σαμεα Arabic
plant φλορα Spanish
wind καζεα Japanese
earth/soil ποτζwα Russian
flower ζαχαρα Arabic
valley 'γυα Mandarin Chinese
root βενο Mandarin Chinese
lake λαγο Spanish
star σжινο Mandarin Chinese
grass γασα Hindi
leaf яεζα Mandarin Chinese
air χαwα Hindi
sand βαλυα Hindi
beach χαяτανο Mandarin Chinese
wave μοжα Arabic
fire φογο Portuguese
ice æσο German
island σжιμα Japanese
hill χολμο Russian
seed βιþρα Arabic
skin σκινα Hindi
meat μανσα Hindi
blood κροwο Russian
bone αλþμα Arabic
fat жιρο Russian
egg δανο Mandarin Chinese
horn κορνο Portuguese
tail καυδα Portuguese
feather ρισжα Arabic
body κορπο Portuguese
hair τοφα Mandarin Chinese
beard βαρβα Spanish
head γλαwα Russian
face καρα Spanish
ear κανα Hindi
eye ανκα Hindi
tear(drop) τιρο English
nose βιζα Mandarin Chinese
voice αwαζα Punjabi
mouth φαμα Arabic
lip τζυνο Mandarin Chinese
tooth ζυβο Russian
tongue λιδα Malay
toe νοσοκο Russian
foot παяρα Hindi
leg ναγα Russian
knee ρυκβα Arabic
finger δεδο Spanish
hand яαδο Arabic
arm διρα Arabic
shoulder ομβρο Portuguese
belly βαυχο German
neck κυβιο Japanese
back εσπαλδα Spanish
breast στανο Hindi
heart (organ) σжινζο Japanese
liver κανζο Japanese
brain διμαγο Arabic
to be εστ Spanish
to eat σжερτ none
to drink wαστ none
to bite ναяατ none
to suck σοσατ Russian
to spit εσκυπιτ Spanish
to vomit τυροτ none
to blow σжεστ none
to breathe wασжεντ none
to smile
to laugh
to cry
to see
to watch
to hear
to listen (to)
to touch
to feel (tr.)
to smell (tr.)
to taste (tr.)
to know (a fact)
to know/be acquainted with
to think
to fear
to sleep
to live
to die
to kill
to fight
to hunt
to hit
to cut
to split
to stab
to scratch
to dig
to swim
to fly
to walk
to run
to jump
to drive (a vehicle)
to come
to lie (down)
to sit
to stand
to turn (tr.)
to fall
to give
to hold
to squeeze
to rub
to wash
to wipe
to pull
to push
to catch
to throw
to tie
to sew
to count
to speak
to say
to sing
to dance
to work
to play (a game)
to play (an instrument)
to float
to flow
to freeze (tr.)
to swell (tr.)
to go
to stop (tr.)
to follow
to buy
to pay
to sell
to shoot (a gun)
to learn
to kiss
to burn (tr.)
to melt (tr.)
to explode (tr.)
to love
to hate
to pass (by)
to sleep
to wake up (tr.)
to marry (tr., marry a couple)
to pray
to win
to lose
to mix (tr.)
to bend (tr.)
to cook
to open (tr.)
to close (tr.)
to write
to call (by name or telephone)
to build
to teach
to grow (tr.)
to draw
to feed
to clean
to dirty
to find
to carry
to break (tr.)
to wear
to hang
to shake (tr.)
to sign (a signature)
to beat
to lift (tr.)
year ανο Portuguese

Example textEdit

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