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Cuinaom

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SettingEdit

Cuinaom (IPA: kʷinao̯m) is an a-priori language created by John Stevens. It is spoken by a clan of 200 gnomes.

PhonologyEdit

Cuinaom has a fairly large phoneme inventory consisting of 33 consonants, seven vowels (each of which can occur short or long), and seven diphthongs.

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-
dental
Dental Alveolar Retro-
flex
Velar Glottal
central lateral plain labial-
ized
lam. api.
Voiceless plosive p t k kʷ
Voiced plosive b d g gʷ
Implosive ɓ ɗ ɠ ɠʷ
Voiceless fricative f θ ɬ ʂ x xʷ h
Voiced fricative v ʐ ɣ
Nasal m n ŋ ŋʷ
Approximant l w
Tap ɾ

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Short Long Short Long Short Long
Close i i: ɨ ɨ: u u:
Mid e e: ǝ ǝ: o o:
Open a a:

DiphthongsEdit

Ending with /i̯/ Ending with /e̯/ Ending with /o̯/ Ending with /u̯/
Starting with /e/ ei̯ eo̯
Starting with /a/ ai̯ ae̯ ao̯ au̯
Starting with /o/ oi̯

AllophonyEdit

Phonotactics Edit

All Cuinaom root words are monosyllabic. Root words are either of type CV or CVC, where C stands for consonant and V stands for vowel or diphthong. Any consonant can occur in the syllable onset, but only the consonants /p t k m n ŋ/ can occur in the coda. Nearly 5000 possible CV and CVC combinations can be formed. The language has about 3000 root words (about 60% of the number of possible CV and CVC combinations).

OrthographyEdit

Cuinaom is written in the Latin script. Its alphabet is entirely transparent, with a one to one correspondence between graphemes and phonemes. The tables below show the consonants and vowels of Cuinaom written in orthography, with IPA notation in square brackets.

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-
dental
Dental Alveolar Retro-
flex
Velar Glottal
central lateral plain labial-
ized
lam. api.
Voiceless plosive p
[p]
t
[t]
c
[k]
cu
[kʷ]
Voiced plosive b
[b]
d
[d]
g
[g]
gu
[gʷ]
Implosive b'
[ɓ]
d'
[ɗ]
g'
[ɠ]
g'u
ʷ]
Voiceless fricative f
[f]
th
[θ]
s
[s̻]
sh
[s̺]
lh
[ɬ]
sr
[ʂ]
x
[x]
xu
[xʷ]
h
[h]
Voiced fricative v
[v]
z
[z̻]
zh
[z̺]
zr
[ʐ]
gh
[ɣ]
Nasal m
[m]
n
[n]
ng
[ŋ]
ngu
ʷ]
Approximant l
[l]
ghu
[w]
Tap r
[ɾ]

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Short Long Short Long Short Long
Close i
[i]
ii
[i:]
iu
[ɨ]
iuh
[ɨ:]
u
[u]
uh
[u:]
Mid e
[e]
ee
e[:]
y
[ǝ]
yy
[ǝ:]
o
[o]
oo
[o:]
Open a
[a]
aa
[a:]

DiphthongsEdit

Ending with /i̯/ Ending with /e̯/ Ending with /o̯/ Ending with /u̯/
Starting with /e/ ei
[ei̯]
eo
[eo̯]
Starting with /a/ ai
[ai̯]
ae
[ae̯]
ao
[ao̯]
au
[au̯]
Starting with /o/ oi
[oi̯]

Basic grammarEdit

Coming soon.

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