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Dænsk

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Dænsk is a dialect spoken in parts of the fictive country thorway.

Grammar Edit

Nouns Edit

There are two noun classes in Dænsk: Common and Neuter. The common nouns use the yn article and the neuter ones use yt. They are often informally called n-words and t-words.

Here are some examples of regular declension

Noun class Singular Plural Meaning
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Common yn dryng
yn sæg
yn kvonde
yn sky
dryngyn
sægyn
kvondyn
skyyn
dryngy
sægyr
kvondyr
skyyr
dryngyny
sægyrny
kvondyrny
skyyrny

"boy"
"case"
"woman"
"spoon"

Neuter yt føngsyl
yt øbly
yt lun
føngslyt
øblyt
lunyt
føngslyr
øblyr
lun
føngslyrny
øblyrny
lunyny

"jail"
"apple"
"flash of lightning"

Neuter monosyllabics are unchanged in plural. Other nouns take either -y or -yr. Otherwise there is little correspondence between declension and noun class or sense and noun class. In order to correctly decline a noun, one must look it up in a dictionary or memorise the declension form and the noun class.

Note that if the final syllable ends in unstressed -y, -yl, -yn, or -yr, the y will disappear if a grammatic ending starting with an y is added. E.g. the declension of "føngsyl" above is quite regular.

There are many nouns with irregular plural. Here are some typical examples:

Gender Singular Plural Meaning
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Common yn mænd
yn båndy
yn dronk
yn styn
yn rosokå
mændyn
båndyn
dronkyn
stynyn
rosokåyn
mønd
bendyr
dronks
styn
rosoco
møndyny
bendyrny
dronksyny
stynyny
rosocoyny

"man"
"farmer"
"drink"
"stone"
"risk"

Neuter yt bærn
yt his
yt vabyn
bærnyt
hisyt
vabnyt
bern
hisy
vabyn
bernyny
hisyny
vabnyny

"child"
"house"
"weapon"

Some have the "wrong" regular form, some have vowel change with or without a suffix, and some are foreign words using their native plural. In all cases it is only the plural indefinite that is irregular. Singular definite always just adds -yn or -yt. Plural definite adds -ny to the indefinite if it has a standard plural suffix, -yny if not.

Grammatical caseEdit

There are no case declensions in Dænsk nouns, except the genitive, which is normally applied as an -s ending, or simply with an apostrophe when the noun ends with an s already. Pogyns his ("the girl's house"); yt his' bybåyry ("the inhabitants of a house"). Thus, one does not distinguish between persons and things in the genitive, as in English. The order of the genitive and the governed word is always the same as in English.

When the noun governed by the genitive can be considered part of the governing noun physically, the genitive is often replaced by a prepositional phrase, e.g. lagyt pa spændyn "the lid of the bucket", bægsodyn æf hisyt "the back of the house" rather than spændyns lag, hisyts bægsody, which are not incorrect but more formal.

Older case forms exist as relics in phrases like o lovy "alive" (lov = "life"), pa tody "in due time" (tod = "time"), pa fådy "on his foot" (fåd = "foot"). Similarly, the genitive is used in certain fossilised prepositional phrases (with tol "to"): tol fåds "on foot", tol vænds/ses "by water/sea", ga tol handy' "assist" (handy being an old genitive plural of hand "hand", now replaced by høndyr).

Pronouns Edit

Nominative case Oblique case Possessive
Common Neuter Plural
Singular
First person jyg myg myn myt mony I
Second person informal1) di dog don dot dony you
polite1) Dy Dym Dyrys
Third person
(personal)
masculine hæn hæm hæns he
feminine hin hyndy hyndys she
Third person
(impersonal)
commune dyn dyn dyns it
neuter dyt dyt dyts
Reflexive2) - sog son sot sony him, her, it
Plural
First person vo ås vår3) vårt3) våry3) we
vårys
Second person informal1) O jyr jyrys you (all)
polite1) Dy Dym Dyrys
Third person dy dym dyrys they
Reflexive2) - sog dyrys

Text Examples Edit

Our Father Edit

Vår fædyr, di såm yr o homlyny!

Hyllogyt blovy dyt nævn

Kåmmy dot rogy

Sky don voljy

Såm o homlyn, salydys ågsa pa jårdyn

Gov ås o dæg vårt dæglogy bred

åg fårlæd ås vår skuld

Såm ågsa vo fårlædyr vårys skuldnyry

åg lyd ås okky ond o frostylsy

myn fro ås fræ dyt åndy

får dot yr rogyt, mæktyn åg øryn o yvoghyd

Æmyn

Dialogue Edit

  • P1 - Hyj Ænny (Hey Anna)
  • P2 - Hyj Mokæyl. Hvårdæn hær di dyt? (Hey Michael. how are you?)
  • P1 - Jyg hær dyt font. Hvæd myd dog? (I'm fine. What about you?)
  • P2 - Jyg hær dot ågsa font. (I'm fine to)
  • P1 - Ærbyjdyr di stædyg pa fæbrokkyn? (Do you still work at the factory?)
  • P2 - Jæ jyg hær snært jiboløim (Yes. It'll soon be my anniversary)
  • P1 - Tollukky. Hvårnar? (Congratulations. When?)
  • P2 - trydjy fybriær o ar (Third february this year)
  • P1 - Okay, jyg ma smitty. Vo sys synyry (Okay. I have to go. See you later)
  • P2 - Dyt yr o årdyn. Vo sys (Thats okay. See you)

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