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Déźjevőrentűsmet

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Name: Déźjevőrentűsmet

Type: Fusional

Alignment: Tripartite

Head Direction: Initial

Number of genders: 1

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Déźjevőrentűsmet (pronounced /'dɛʒjɛvø:rɛn'ty:çmet/) is yet another language created in 2010 by Chris Boyd, for semi-official use in his conworld, Debian.

SettingEdit

Déźjevőrentűsmet is a language with a very rich grammar and is highly inflected to change its meaning in all sorts of ways. This way, the language will contain one or two long words as opposed to three or more if one wants to say “You should go home tomorrow”.

This sentence will be written as follows:

(adhortative)-go-tomorrow+home-dative

or

dőbeldas bályadarabásnerénya

==Edit

PhonologyEdit

Uppercase

IPA

a

ɑ

á

ɑ:

ä

æ

b

b

c

ts

ć

d

d

e

e, ɛ

f

f

g

g

gy

dʲ, ɟ

h

h, x

i

i, ɪ

í

ī

deep “i”

j

j

k

k

l

l, ɫ, ʟ

ly

λ, lʲ

m

m

n

n

ny

ɲ

o

o, ɔ

ó

oː, ɔː

ö

ø

ő

øː

p

p

r

r, ɾ

s

ʃ

ś

s

t

t

u

u, ʊ

ú

ü

y

ű

y

i

z

z

ź

ʒ




PhonotacticsEdit

All consonant clusters are accepted in Déźjevőrentűsmet except for źs, nys and lys. Some are used frequently (like źj, ćj, sm) but some are very rare (such as bz, tć, źv, ht)

Vowel clusters are never accepted except for the one unique case of the word “maélv”, meaning thank you.

Basic GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Déźjevőrentűsmet uses a large system of cases for declining nouns. This large system enables the speaker to express him/herself fully.

The language, instead of using nominative-accusative cases uses one case for the subject of a transitive verb (he pushed the door [ergative case]), the direct object of a transitive verb (he pushed the door) and the subject of an intransitive verb (he spoke)



Suffix

Example

Meaning

Ergative

belí

the house (transitive subject)

Transitive object

-ak

belak

The house (transitive object)

Genitive

-jek

beljek

the house’s

Dative

-das

beldas

to the house

Ablative

-jád

beljád

away from the house

Adessive

-sém

belsém

near the house

Apudessive

-jőd

beljőd

next to the house

Inessive

-jám

beljám

inside the house

Intrative

-źalt

belźalt

between the houses

Subessive

-bon

belbon

under the house

Superessive

-dés

beldés

on top of the house

Comitative

-mét

belmét

with the house

Intsrumental

-dőnen

beldőnen

using the house

Vialis

-müd

belműd

by way of the house

Intransitive subject

-ín

belín

the house (intransitive subject)

Passive-affected

-méźjat

belméźjat

the house was knocked down


VerbsEdit

The language does not inflect verbs according to person. Instead, a universal form of the verb is used followed by a word used to refer specifically to a party of the 1st, 2nd or 3rd person (singular or plural) which is, in turn, inflected in one of three ways above (ergative, trans. obj., or intrans. subj.) to form the verb.

All verb infinitives end in -(ý)ć.

Verbs are conjugated according to:

  1. Tense
  2. Mood
  3. Person (only dialects)

TenseEdit

Tense

Suffix

Example

Meaning

Preterite

-at

dźazat

did

Past continuous

-atá

dźazatá

was doing

Past participle

-ät

dźazät

done

Present

-an

dźazan

do

Present participle

-än

dźazän

doing

Future

-ün

dźazün

will do

Present Perfect

-égan

dźazégan

have done

Past perfect

-égīn

dźazégīn

had done

Future perfect

-egéll

dźazegéll

will have done




Mood



Indicative

Ø-

arabás desí beldasak

he goes home

Adhortative

bályad-

bályadarabás desí beldasak

he should go home (encouragement)

Cohortative

eles-

elesarabás desí beldasak!

allow him to go home!

Conditional

dafaź-

dafaźarabás desí beldasak...

he would go home

Desiderative

vőge-

vőgenarabás desí beldasak

he wants to go home

Dubitative

hussattá-

hussattárabás desí beldasak

(I guess) he must have gone home

Energetic

blé(n)-

bléneveltat así belakjám

I was definitely at home.

Generic

(Requires no verb)

kívő-object-adjective

kívő ______

kívő Lyndőn kötöly.

London is big.

(lit. generic London big)

Hypothetical

dőma-

dőmarabás desí beldasak

if he goes home

Imperative

be-

benarabás śení beldasak!

go home!

Jussive

ekké(n)-

ekkénarabás assaní beldasak!

let’s go home!

Mirative

dévy ______

dévy asín hömosecǖly

I am gay (previously unknown)

Potential

bözzekk-

bözzekkarabat desí beldasak.

he probably went home.

Precative

elism(e)-

elismőkiśtás śení asakdas vüśak?

will you give me that?

Presumptive

erré-

errénarabás desí beldasak

even if he goes home

Subjunctive

kés-

késarabás desí beldasak

(it was suggested) he goes home

Volitive

kröt(á)-

krötarábat desí beldasak!

if only he were going home!


PersonEdit

Singular

Dual

Plural

1st person

-as

-asa

-assa

2nd person

-śe

-śeś

-śśet

3rd person

-des

-dese

-désse


TimeEdit

When referring to time, verbs are given postfixes denoting a vague time (e.g. now, later, tomorrow, sometime in the future, yesterday etc.)



Postfix

Example

Meaning

In the distant past

-yt

arabatyt

I went a long time ago

Quite a while ago

-yn

arabatyn

I went quite a while ago

Relatively recently

-yś

arabatyś

I went recently

Quite recently

-yk

arabatyk

I went very recently

Last week

-yl

arabatyl

I went last week

Yesterday

-yhta

arabatyhta

I went yesterday

Just happened

-ydźja

arabatydźja

I just went

Is just about to happen

-ylydźja

arabünylydźja

I’m just about to go

Will happen soon

-ylyma

arabünylyma

I will go soon

Will happen tomorrow

-ylyhta

arabünylyhta

I’m going to go tomorrow

Will happen next week

-ylyl

arabünylyl

I’m going to to next week

Will happen later

-ylyk

arabünylyk

I’m going to go later

Will happen much later

-ylyn

arabünylyn

I’m going to go much later

Will happen in the distant future

-ylyt

arabünylyt

I’m going to go in a very long time



Adjectives and AdverbsEdit

Adjectives are formed by removing the last consonant of a noun (if it ends in consonant, otherwise leave it) and adding -ly to the end. Comparatives and superlatives can also be formed, but require alteration from their original form:




Basic

Comparative

Superlative

daźaly

quick

sűdaźalyé

quicker

sűdaźalély

quickest

belely

dumb

sűbelelyé

dumber

sűbelély

dumbest

kütaly

large

sűkütalyé

larger

sűkütalély

largest


That is,

  • -ly for adjectives
  • sű-______-é for comparatives
  • sű-______-(lé)ly for superlatives.


Dummy PronounsEdit

It was..... és...

It is......... éz...

It will...... áz...

There is..... éres...

There was..... érez...

There will be..... áraz...

==Edit

singular

plural

1st

as

assa

2nd

śe

śśette

3rd

des

désse

DictionaryEdit

This article or section requires fix up.
It will be done soon.



This

kéren

That

kéran

Here

írem

There

íkká

Who

böt

What

bötte

Where

uhok

When

dźjőn

How

buść

Not

név

All

ánev

Many

göbri

Some (sg)

éleny

Some (pl)

élenyüd

Few

íleny

Other

okkośman

One

alagy

Two

dvanő

Three

dehhen

Four

źvapt

Five

divinc

Big

abnaly

Long

gevnoćaly

Wide

korencaly

Thick

ćivvinćaly

Heavy

lordaly

Small

nizaly

Short

hormaśśaly

Narrow

megormencaly

Thin

cefrenćaly

Woman

vabadanna

Man (adult male)

vabadan

Man (human)

vabád

Child

vabadűz

Wife

vabadanjekdanna

Husband

vabadannajekdan

Mother

vabádjekdanna

Father

vabádjekdan

Animal

anyamál

Fish

blizzänyamál

Bird

grezzänyamál

Dog

ćuppanyamál

Louse

minyályvyć

Snake

gröbac

Worm

miźylnyac

Tree

abör

Forest

abörbellek

Stick

nilizmek

Fruit

frűti

Seed

smellag

Leaf

egélya

Root

abörneléz

Bark

abörmiséz

Flower

mismatta

Grass

źaraś

Rope

Glöttö

Skin

Merehśit

Meat

majav

Blood

blot

Bone

girkizzi

Fat

fett

Egg

öj

Horn

hravitt

Tail

hezzaly

Feather

nehtot

Hair

banizenehtot

Head

banize

Ear

ćivkik

Eye

dīvanu

Nose

menkoc

Mouth

dvälengy

Tooth

ihimily

Tongue

komel

Fingernail

blynyt

Foot

golacany

Leg

dźifik

Knee

knjé

Hand

aned

Wing

anednehtot

Belly

lályagormek

Guts

ékkelyagormek

Neck

ékkebanize

Back

rűtit

Breast

brest

Heart

jafimjakī

Liver

sűbékkelyégormek

Drink

bronyś

Eat

haryś

Bite

bittyś

Suck

sűbyś

Spit

glonyś

Vomit

ehrattyś

Blow

mavarśyś

Breathe

neźyś

Laugh

főgýś

See

niććyś

Hear

bafiktyś

Know

nyś

Think

tedźevyś

Smell

najacyś

Fear

ibinyś

Sleep

dormyś

Live

avintyś

Die

mohfyś

Kill

genemohfyś

Fight

źeplyś

Hunt

nőmasćyś

Hit

brikkyś

Cut

elkyś

Split

branyś

Stab

iztipyś

Scratch

merehśitelkyś

Dig

ékkelkyś

Swim

lágyátyś

Fly

lábörbellek

Walk

ékkelabörbellek

Come

nelohanyś

Lie

menicyś

Sit

dźarvyś

Stand

ládźarvyś

Turn

elgéryś

Fall

abörbellekdasyś

Give

vabáddasyś

Hold

holekyś

Squeeze

givizmityś

Rub

ohoneknyś

Wash

blahattannyś

Wipe

jekovanyś

Pull

ofoneknyś

Push

ssatatyś

Throw

eleśśeneklyś

Tie

ennellodyś

Sew

nehomeklyś

Count

etefetyś

Say

melenencyś

Sing

alyanyś

Play

gosevettyś

Float

epylevyś

Flow

vatarműdyś

Freeze

źefyryś

Swell

vatarelekkyś

Up

Down

ékke

Example textEdit

Dang: Ei, kös Traní hevlerünylyk desí HaNo-ijámak, jaććünylyt śení partíjak efféćáć desak yn arabahevlerefféćünylyk desí lyá taksín?

Pham: Bravdat desí asak efféćáć desan; hussattánahravünylyk arabáktenać daźamüd.



Dang: Hey, when Tran arrives in Ha Noi in a few hours, will you have to leave the party to go and fetch him or will he take a cab?

Pham: He asked me to pick him up; I may decide to leave in a hurry.



Hávékvylatydźja así delekak jővrak. Nágehatjetak asán y dussakat asán. Blarydat así y joskodasak kivűgenat así. Joskojámak jétűgyat así y kivűgenat así klaśśendasélulak ymak. Egéll, lasserely namaśtak, mihazekat sűgatalyé asán. Egéll kivűgenänjek, vorekkat así televizjak y kompjúterdas kivűgenat así. Jézőgenat así glükenkracynak y dźazat egéll así beljám égīn kivűgenänjek nágedasak.



Today, I woke up at 6:00am. I got out of bed, and then I took a shower. I hurried and went to school. At school, I studied and lot and went to all of my classes. By the end of the day, I was quite tired. After I went home, I watched some TV and went on the computer. I ate dinner and then did some other things around the house before going to bed.

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