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Džisch Ech

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Džisch Ech
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and DialectsEdit

PhonologyEdit

Germanic / Russian influences

Soundchanges

German > "?"
ʃ ʒ > ʂ ʐ
{i e y u o ø a ɛ}ː > i e y u o ø ɑ æ
ɛː œ > æ
ɐ > ə
Russian > "?"
ä > æ ɑ
ɐ > ə
ʉ > ʊ
ɨ > ɪ

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v s z ʂ ʐ ç x h
Affricate p͡f t͡s ʈ͡ʂ ɖ͡ʐ
Approximant j
Trill r
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i y u
Near-close ɪ ʏ ʊ
Close-mid e ø o
Mid ə
Open-mid ɔ
Near-open æ
Open ɑ

PhonotacticsEdit

Syllable Structure

(C)(C)V(V)(C)

Writing SystemEdit

Grapheme Phoneme
m m
n, nn n
p p
b b
t t
d d
k k
g g
v, f f
w v
s, ß1 s
z z
sch, š ʂ
zch, ž ʐ
ch ç
cch x
h h
pf, ph p͡f
c t͡s
tsch, tš ʈ͡ʂ
dzch, tzch, tž, dž ɖ͡ʐ
j j
r r
l l
i i
ü y
u u
i2 ɪ
ü3 ʏ
u4 ʊ
ä e
oe, eo, ö, ø ø
o o
a5 ə
e, ae, æ æ
a ɑ
au ɔ
  1. [s] is not written as /ß/ word initially, and sometimes /ß/ can be distinguished as [sː] (speaker's preference)
  2. /i/is [ɪ] in a closed syllable.
  3. /ü/ is [ʏ] in a closed syllable.
  4. /u/ is [ʊ] in a closed syllable.
  5. /a/ is pronounced as [ə] word finally and between two fricatives.

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Definite Nom Acc Gen Dat
Masc Där Dän Däß Däm
Neuter Dauß
Fem Di Der
Plural Der Den
Indefinite Nom Acc Gen Dat
Masc Ain Ainaun Ainäs Ainäm
Neuter Ain
Fem Ainä Ainär
Plural Ainär Ainna

Both are particles and come before the word

VerbsEdit

PronounsEdit

Singular Plural
1st 2nd 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd
Masc Fem Neut
Nom Jo Ti Er Aunna Auno Mui Wi Si
Gen Mäni Täb In Ächä Aco Naß Vaß Ir
Dat Me Teb Im Äi Am Nam Vaum In
Acc Mena Taub Sain Aa Accho Unc Ucch Si

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Džisch Ech/Lexicon

Example textEdit

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